Sociology of Education - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Functionalism theory is structuralist in nature and though its influence has waned over the past decades, it still makes important contributions in education system and society. Functionalism holds that the main objective of education is maintenance of “social order in society” (Chris, and Tony, 2006, p5)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.1% of users find it useful
Sociology of Education
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Sociology of Education"

Download file to see previous pages The paper tells that functionalism theory is structuralist in nature and though its influence has waned over the past decades, it still makes important contributions in education system and society. Functionalism holds that the main objective of education is maintenance of “social order in society”. To ensure maintenance of social order in the society, the theory emphasizes on indoctrinating new generations with norms and values contained in education curriculum. In United Kingdom, the sociological importance of functionalism has declined, but in education institutions, the theory continues playing a significant role in defining and shaping the guiding policies. According to Chris and Tony, the underlying ideologies of functionalism, which include competition, consensus and achievement through merit, define education in addition to politics in the United Kingdom. According to Hill and Cole, broad groups of people and their behaviour is the major focus of functionalism. In respect to the role of education in society, the theory focuses on several major aspects, namely institutional relationships and functional linkage with society and merit based systems. In relation to institutional relationships, functional theory emphasises on the role of education in linking other social institutions such as family with occupational engagements. In contemporary society, Cole argues education plays an important role in linking the basic unit of society with the workplaces through various mechanisms. For instance, education institutions develop the capacities of human resources through training. By setting various criteria for training of these professionals, education institutions ensure that the society has a balanced pool of human resources to meet its needs (David and Barry 1985). At personal or individual levels, functionalism theory holds that education acts as an agent of secondary socialisation (Gillborn, and Mirza, 2000). By expanding or broadening individual experience through education, a child is prepared to take over the role of an adult in workplaces and society (Arum, and Beattie, 2000, p72). Meritocracy, in functionalist perspective plays a major role in ensuring that education performs its role in socialisation and promoting institutional linkage. According to, David and Barry (1985, p53), meritocracy refers to a system that “offers rewards to an individual based on ability and effort”. Examples of rewards in the current society include job opportunities, high remuneration and elevated social status. Therefore, functionalists hold that rewards in society should be awarded to individuals who demonstrate high ability or effort rather than on grounds of nepotism, status of an individual or family background. In education, meritocracy has created competition in different levels of education because of various rewards offered on attaining a particular level. In United Kingdom, education qualifications at various levels such as GCSE and A levels determine the career that an individual can pursue or qualification for admission in available institutions of higher learning (Cole, 2009, p269). In ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Sociology of Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1395682-sociology-of-education
(Sociology of Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/education/1395682-sociology-of-education.
“Sociology of Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1395682-sociology-of-education.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ly
lyla21 added comment 11 months ago
Student rated this paper as
Precise work done on the "Sociology of Education". I think it is the best essay I have seen so far.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Sociology of Education

Education in Sociology

...? Education in Sociology EDUCATION IN SOCIOLOGY   The scientific social study of the society is known as sociology. It is basically one of the social sciences; the study about the social worlds in which humans live. As sociology is the study of the society, it is concerned with humans and how they perform within a society with others and their social activities (Comte & Auguste, 2005) Human behavior is complex, and therefore, sociology includes various studies of diverse subjects such as economic, political and religious. The education in sociology attempts to determine the laws which...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Sociology of Education

... a little lamb: redefining principal roles in restructured schools. 4. International Studies in Sociology of Education, Volume 12, Number 2, 2002 5. Maguire M., Ball, S. (1994) Discourses of Educational Reform in the United Kingdom and the USA and the Work of Teachers. British Journal of In-service Education, Vol. 20, No. 1, 6. Whitty G. (1997) Education Policy and the Sociology of Education. International Studies in Sociology of Education, Vol. 7, No. 2, 7. Woods P., Carlyle D. (2003) Teacher Identities under Stress: the emotions of separation and renewal 8. Teachers attack plan to let Ofsted close schools. EducationGuardian, May 17, 2005... Why do some argue that teacher's identities have become fragmented How do teachers deal with this...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

How has the sociology of education helped you understand gendered issues in education

...when we hear reports of gender bias, and gender discrimination within the educational institutes. The educational institutions and academicians are the beacon of social reforms, the forum and its owners kindle progressive and visionary principles to sustain and developed society. It is discouraging to observe these vocalists of social and human rights, negating these principles in their professional attributes (Praechter, 1998, pp. 178). The article has elaborated the contributing factors which have caused gender split among the young generation. The faculty of the academic institutions are involved in certain measures which provoke differences between males and females; the steps are although deliberate...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Sociology of education response paper

...Why is the role of the principal a balancing act? Describe two challenges Lortie found in his study of principals. The role of the principal is a balancing act because the principal fills a variety of roles, rather than what is normally perceived as one overarching role. The principal, as head of the educational organization that is the school, mediates between the school staff and everyone outside the school. He talks to teachers, janitors, coaches, and other staff, as well as to the school board, government officials, parents, and anyone else who has any business with or questions about the school itself. Overall, the principal has to keep a balance between the internal and external functions of the school, and apply...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper

Sociology of education ''desegregation history

...Introduction In various s of higher learning, are observed to differ in various aspects and this has been affecting selection process. In ensuring that the target recruitment statistics are met, integration of the desegregation history and the legal system has been of great help. Over time, the blacks have been experiencing challenges, which has continuously denied them equal access to services in private and public institution. This paper seeks to give an in-depth analysis of the history of desegregation. Desegregation There are set guidelines on student enrolment in various education institutions. This has been brought about by the coordination of students, parents and the government. As time has been evolving, the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Sociology of education response paper

...SOCIOLOGY Sociology of Education Response Paper Introduction Both the United sand Europe have hierarchical higher education systems. However the nature of the stratification is significantly different in the 2 areas, causing ramifications for both structure and funding issues. Institutional Hierarchy in the US Higher Education System Although currently there are dire warnings that America is falling behind the rest of the world, especially emerging powers such as India and China, in educational achievement endangering its superpower status, in at least one respect it is still on top of the world. Using criteria like academic citations and Nobel prizes, a Chinese university in 2008 gave 17 of the top 20 rankings... higher...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Sociology of education paper

...when the resources are plenty. It is important to note that, this also occur when the institutions of learning are restructured, at a space slower than the labor market leading to the complication of the task. School to work provides means, which students’ transits into economic production successfully. These can be through employment or a business. Several studies have shown that when one graduates from high school, one is not prepared for connection to opportunities of employment. Generally school to work; integrate the tracks of vocational and academic education, links education with realities in the work place through experience of employment, development of programs that closely link secondary and...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper

Organization Structure and Work of Detroit Electric

5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study

Anthropology, psychology, history, sociology, education, political science, gender studies, economics, legal studies

...life of people who live in them (Tienda, 1991). Effects of living in the inner cities are worse on children and adolescents. If children and adolescents are influenced to make unwise choices due to poverty, they may live with the consequences for their whole lives. The culture of urban inner cities emphasizes on short term goals. Usually, there is no proper funding of schools in urban inner cities. This results to poor quality of education in those environments. There is lack of access to meaningful jobs for those living in urban inner cities (Kain, 1992). All those factors lead to destitution and influence the decisions children and adolescents make. Both the children end up adopting values and practices...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Sociology of education - Critically assess the interactionist perspective of how labelling impacts on the educational journey of students

...Sociology of Education The general connotation of education is the enablement of knowledge acquisition, skills enhancement and ability expansion of individuals (Giddens & Sutton, 2013). Many view education as a social process, which benefits the participants socially as they pass the knowledge between various generations and amid cultures (Giddens & Sutton, 2013). Education setup is mainly a product of a schooling system which its roots from the classrooms. According to Bowles and Gintis, a connection exists between social norms acquired from the classrooms to those portrayed in the workplace (Levitus, 2012). This is because the strong, capable and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Sociology of Education for FREE!

Contact Us