Sociology of education - Term Paper Example

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It is a period when young people build and develop skills depending on the initial training and Education that assist them be productive members of the community in the future. The economic…
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School to work transition School to work transition is the period between the ages of 15 to 24 years of age. It is a period when young people build and develop skills depending on the initial training and Education that assist them be productive members of the community in the future. The economic consideration of the school to work includes things related to skills and education development, job search, inactivity and unemployment, occupational matches and stable employment. it is very complicated to assess the school to work transition since many young people perform casual jobs, begin employment while still in school, move from their communities and some are even discouraged from searching from searching for jobs. Furthermore, there are many pathways of getting skills and extending education (Arum, Ford, and Beattie 80). There are various transitions faced by young people, these include; work transition, learning for life, healthy adolescence, forming of families and good citizenship. Therefore, there is a need to expand opportunities for these young people, and to offer second opportunities to individuals who fail. It is imperative that there is a need to create comprehensive policies for the young individuals, which orients towards national policies. These entails giving young people the power to make decisions and to evaluate the programs and policies ideal for them. The transitions are aimed at schoolwork transition and learning for life. Youth employment and school to work transition are two challenges faced by developing and middle-income countries. Those who are formulating policies should expand technical and vocational education. These may be of more benefit than the general education in preparing the youth to attain the necessary skills market.
Significance of school to work transition in studying educational stratification
School to work transition focuses on the link between the levels of Education and the first job on entry to the job market. This has been a centre of focus in social mobility and social stratification. The relationship between the first job and education has been studied in ascription and classical terms, hence the relative weights of ascribed and achieved factors has been created regarding the first job. Economists have established human capital theory, which assumes that education enhances productivity of an individual. It is imperative that, education does this by providing knowledge, and skills needed for demanding occupations. Thus, individuals can increase their productivity by putting much emphasis on furthering their education. The emerging of market-based economy requires significant changes in the school curriculum that enhances the production system with respect to skilled labor force. The big challenge of school -to- work transition, is the qualification of qualify new entrants to labor market (Arum, Ford, and Beattie 130). This is realized more often at the time when resources are scarce than when the resources are plenty. It is important to note that, this also occur when the institutions of learning are restructured, at a space slower than the labor market leading to the complication of the task. School to work provides means, which students’ transits into economic production successfully. These can be through employment or a business. Several studies have shown that when one graduates from high school, one is not prepared for connection to opportunities of employment. Generally school to work; integrate the tracks of vocational and academic education, links education with realities in the work place through experience of employment, development of programs that closely link secondary and post secondary education with employers, through school- business and apprenticeship. It is important to note that, the above elements have extensive learning implication.
Work Cited
Arum, Richard, Ford, Karly, and Beattie, Irenee. The Structure of Schooling: Readings in the Sociology of Education. New York, NY: Pine Forge Press, 2010. Read More
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