Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

How to implement dual language programs in already established elementary schools - Dissertation Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
First half of chapter one
The global economy and the ubiquity of international travel and business have necessitated communications between people whose native languages are not the same. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.6% of users find it useful
How to implement dual language programs in already established elementary schools
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "How to implement dual language programs in already established elementary schools"

Download file to see previous pages
This shortcoming has both local and far-reaching effects ranging from immigrants who try to make themselves understood to the business person who must negotiate with foreign governments (Firoz, Maghrabi & Lee 2002). Leon Panetta, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, stated, “To stay competitive in the global society, the U.S. needs more people with foreign language proficiency” (Picard, 2010, para. 3).
Although the population of the United States has expanded through several generations of immigrants, command of foreign languages is not as prevalent in the United States as it is in other countries in the world. For Example, in the European Union, more than 50% of the population is functionally communicative in their native language plus one more (Hulstrand, 2008). Data from the 2007 American Community Survey captured information on language use by members of the US population (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010). Less than half (42.7%) of 5- to 17-year-olds had English-only speaking ability. More (72.4%) 18- to 40-year-olds were English-only proficient, and even more (78.3%) of individuals ages 41 to 64 years were English-only proficient. Of those 65 years old or older, 32.6% spoke only English (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010).
There is a need to increase the numbers of students who are proficient in a second language in addition to English. Beginning with entrance into school at 5 years of age, and continuing through high school and beyond, students could benefit from a dual-language instruction (DLI) or two-way immersion (TWI) program. Lindholm-Leary and Borsato stated, “High school students who participated in the TWI program developed high levels of academic competence and motivation, ambitions to go to college, knowledge about how to apply to and get into college, and pride in bilingualism” (p. 1). Students who participate in TWI programs become proficient in more than one language into adulthood and are able to contribute a global society (Estrada, Gomez, & Ruiz-Escalante, 2009). Denver, Colorado, maintains a largely monolingual school district at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. The district is considered to have a high-mobility population; students in this school district have moved more than once, and up to three times or more in any given school year (Denver Public Schools [DPS], 2010). The Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP), implemented in 2002 to address the standards imposed by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 ([NCLB] 2002), is the state-mandated test that all students from Grade 3 through Grade 12 must take. NCLB obligates every teacher to be highly qualified in their specialty subject(s), including reading. Fifth-grade English language learners (ELLs) and English language proficient (ELP students in largely monolingual public schools in Denver have consistently shown little to no progress in reading (DPS, 2010). What little progress has been reported by the CSAP since 2005—only a 9 percentage-point median growth for students across the district, regardless of ethnicity (Colorado Department of Education, 2011)—is cause for concern. From a starting level of 46 percentage points in 2005, students’ CSAP scores in reading have risen and fallen unpredictably. In 2006, scores for progress in reading rose to 49 percentage points. In 2007, scores for progress in reading plummeted to 42 percentage points. Scores rose to 53 percentage points in 2008 and fell again to 50 percentage points in 2009. Finally in 2010, reading across the district rose again to 55 percentage points (DPS, 2010). The DPS district is not the only one in the state or any other state with high numbers of ELLs who are experiencing reading problems (Goldenberg, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“How to implement dual language programs in already established Dissertation”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(How to Implement Dual Language Programs in Already Established Dissertation)
“How to Implement Dual Language Programs in Already Established Dissertation”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
merlinmohr added comment 2 years ago
Student rated this paper as
I didn’t know how to start my text. "How to implement dual language programs in already established elementary schools" helped me out a lot! Especially the list of content was valuable.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF How to implement dual language programs in already established elementary schools

How Does Branding Affect Buyers Purchase Decision

The scope of the study covers all kinds of buyers with different behaviours making buying decisions with regard to different brands. There is also a detailed study of the Consumer Decision Process. There is a good enough introduction on consumer buying process besides an extended and detailed introduction on Branding and Marketing emphasizing the difference between the two and how the concepts are different from each and in what way there can be a delineation between the two. There is an explanation on the different stages of Consumer Buying Behaviour, namely Need Awareness, Information Search, Checking Options, Purchase Decision, and Post Purchase Behaviour. There is also a detailed explanation on Types of Consumer Buying Behavio...
44 Pages(11000 words)Research Paper

Description of Two Established Personality Assessment Tools: Discussion of Strengths and Weaknesses

The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was developed in the 1930s by Harvard University psychiatrist Henry A. Murray and university student Christiana Morgan in the pursuit of identifying personality characteristics and unconscious human desires (Bosshardt, 2004). TAT assessments generally consist of 31 different cards in which varying ambiguous illustrations and photos are displayed, asking participants to respond to their interpretations of what is occurring within each visual image. Internal conflicts or motivational desires are generally projected by participants who are exposed to TAT assessments, allowing psychologists to determine the personality constructs of individuals.

The Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS) was deve...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

How Effective Are the Current Environment and Ethical/Social Policies of Tesco

 Tesco has been accused of indulging in unfair and monopolistic activities, unethical price of price undercutting thus creating a squeeze on the competition and the local farming community. The volumes of goods traded and retailed leave a large carbon footprint. However, Tesco has stood it is for quite some time now by creating and implementing policies for ethical and responsible for not only fending media accusations but also by stating, and implementing ethical and social policies.

According to Walley (2005), sustainable practices are best developed with an interplay of forces outside organizations like laws, regulations, and competition and organizational policies like governance, and social and ethical practic...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

How Does the US Media Effects Evolve in Singapores Current Media

Lewis and Slade (2000, p. 223) in their critical evaluation of the effects of media communication on the audience argue that media effect is achieved incongruent with social context. Their study recounts the experiment on the influence of television on identity in Singapore indicates that US social values and Singaporean values greatly differ from each other. The sharp differences in program content have a negative influence on the audience because Chinese raised Singaporeans value marriage, social values, and collectivism whereas US social culture involves career, family and the struggle to balance the two. Therefore the question of US media's influence to destabilize Singaporean national identity is limited. This view is emphasi...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

How to Choose the Right Job

In a research that was conducted by the London School of Economics in 2005 – 2006, it has been seen that almost 61.6% of the students worked after graduation (LSE, 2008). According to Little (2007), the link between high education and employment is very high.

“Employability is a set of achievements – skills, understandings, and personal attributes – that make graduates more likely to gain employment and be successful in their chosen occupations, which benefits themselves, the workforce, the community, and the economy” (Little, 2007)

The research highlighted the strong points that are developed by students and the percentage of skills that are developed post-high education program...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

How Tomatoes Can Help Your Heart

Whether tomato is a fruit or vegetable? Well, this question can be answered in both ways. Botanically, tomato is a fruit but it is so frequently used as a culinary item all over the world, it is also considered as a vegetable. Long time back, the tomato was considered as fruit and helped the exporters to avoid taxation but 1893 the Supreme Court put an over this dispute by declaring that tomato was a vegetable and since that time onwards, tomatoes were taxed accordingly. Keeping in harmony with this tradition, till date tomatoes are served as entrée and very rarely as dessert. Apart from side dishes, wide array of main course dishes are also prepared from tomatoes and these dishes are regarded considered as lip-smacking cui...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Teaching Language and Communication Skills

“Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). But just how does this happen? How do children learn to use sounds to communicate and then to place those sounds in the correct order to make themselves understood? While some of this behavior can be attributed to the imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the development of language and communication that cannot be so easily explained. To provide a more complete understanding of how language and communication develop in the young child, it is necessary to understand not only the primary terms that are applied, but al...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Amending the Constitution: How Hard It Is to Change

However, the purpose of our government is not subjective, and it is not unwritten or buried somewhere in the philosophical musings of a Greek theorist. The purpose of government, specifically our government, as stated by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, is “to secure these [natural] Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…” Our government exists to protect individual, negative rights that exist outside the common law. Whenever a force, whether in a society or from outside it, threatens the rights of citizens, it is the responsibility of their government to take action and protect them from violations. There are many forces that...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 and How It Has Impacted the Financial Markets

Though there were objections from various quarters about the huge amounts of tax payer’s money being used in the bailout of huge corporates, the Act has been successful in moving the downturn towards a flat point and now has started slowly moving towards a recovery stage. The various programs under the EESA 2008 have played a significant role in the financial sector, housing mortgage, and banking institutions to save the institutions from complete disaster.

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act is a huge taxpayer bailout designed to rescue the financial sector. The amount of money to be used is around $700 billion or $2000 per American citizen (Public mark up). Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 is al...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Syllabus Design for Learners of English as a Second Language

The translation and transmutation of syllabuses into the teaching procedures are generally recognized by the established conceptions of the second language learning methodologies, predominant amongst them are the Grammar Translation Method and Audiolingual Method. These notions in addition to the emergent concepts aiding to the structuring of the syllabus and curriculum for English as the Second Language are critically discussed in detail in this literary essay.

English being globally considered and established as the ‘lingua franca’ whether in terms of international communications or technological interrelations, hence English as the second language is extensively popularized and most sought after language...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Dissertation on topic How to implement dual language programs in already established elementary schools for FREE!

Contact Us