The following part of the research paper contains a review and synthesis of related research studies and articles pertaining to them. The literature selected for review is directly related to the research questions for this particular study. …
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tion in schools apart from the disparity in the enrollment rates of students as well as the availability of teachers belonging to different races and ethnic origins. “Equity is central to the current reform movement in science education. Although all students are capable of understanding and doing science, persistent and widespread differences continue to exist in students’ access, retention, and achievement, depending on their culture, gender, race, and socioeconomic status” (WCER, 2007). Besides, teachers and students are exposed to a lot of challenges in the urban schools. Background of Urban Schools In the United States, the education sector has been a major priority, with numerous efforts on reform being implemented to improve students’ performance. Urban schools in the United States are located in urban areas, where there are relatively high rates of poverty. Besides, the student population here possesses limited English proficiency and is, therefore regarded as high need areas (Ruso, 2004). Gaskell (2012) claims that in the early years, wealth was accumulated by a limited number of individuals and, as a result, poverty levels in the urban areas increased significantly. The urban population in the United States increased as well, resulting in many differences, such as racism and inequality. The funding of schools among the wealthy and the poor districts remained fraught with inequality. The urban schools in the United States have, over the years, faced a declining level of test scores and high rates of violence. According to Stark (2011), urban schools in the 1800s have been started with an aim of providing immigrant parents with affordable places for their children to stay during the day as they worked in mills, factories or shops. By 1920, the urban...
This essay approves that research on teacher turnover is examined and the situation in urban schools is related to the factors for teacher turnover that have emerged from the research. Finally, the review also presents factors that contribute to teachers’ motivation to stay in urban schools despite the difficult conditions. The researcher hopes that by looking at both the challenges and the motivating factors, this study will be contribute to the understanding of teacher retention in urban schools. There appears to exist a whole range of factors that demotivate teachers in general and science teachers in particular from continuing with the profession of teaching. While teachers receive only low salaries, the job is extremely demanding both in terms of time and physical as well as emotional stress it entails. The most unfortunate aspect of the job of teaching is the fact that a teacher is held wholly responsible and accountable for the behavior and results of students. The profession of teaching is too taxing, which prevents a teacher from attaining a balance between his or her personal and work life.
This report makes a conclusion that teacher turnover is a particular problem in most of the urban schools. Negative reports about urban settings have discouraged properly qualified teachers from taking up teaching jobs in these schools. The high level of stress and exhaustion experienced in these schools also result in high teacher turnover. Despite the negative factors, however, there are some teachers that remain in the urban schools and they are motivated to provide quality education. The literature also reviews some of the teacher qualities that motivate teachers to teach in urban schools.
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(The Urban Schools in the United States Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 Words)
“The Urban Schools in the United States Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1395434-the-urban-schools-in-the-united-states.
The educational system in the United States has two types namely private and public schools. There are three primary types of private schools namely the Catholic schools, other religious school and non-sectarian. The most numerous school is that of other religion, followed by the Catholic schools and then the non-sectarian consisting of 48, 28, and 24% of all private schools respectively (Broughman, 2006, p.
The paper tells that urban schools have been in existence for decades in the United States; they were started as affordable places where low-income earners could leave their children as they worked during the day. However, these schools have deteriorated with time, as they possess low quality facilities that are unfavorable for learning.
Under this system approach, young men attend classes separately from young women, in an effort to improve their learning and the overall curriculum as delivered by instructors. Even though there are opponents to single sex educational environments, the benefits of gender-segregated classrooms outweigh potential disadvantages in relation to socialization and motivation.
This is because the urban centers depict a sense of sophistication and cultured mannerisms which the rural areas and sub-urban areas do not represent. The town planners of today are more focused on getting the job done as far as the urban planning realms are concerned because they know well in advance that they have to meet objectives that are far reaching and have a long lasting effect on the lives of the people as well as the future generations that will make use of the urban landscapes, architectures and so on.
This paper is going to focus on the situation in the urban schools in the United States and how self determination theory can be applied in motivating teachers. Summary2 Introduction For the current study to come up with a comprehensive report on the perception of what motivates teachers in urban schools, self motivation theory would be applicable.
A research has shown that these gangs always have a leader or group of leaders who gives the command with respect to their activities. It is from their antisocial activities that they harvest the fruits. Gangs do prefer identification trademarks for the group.
According to the report the move intends to reduce the hold of bureaucratic routine, and create room for those with new ideas. Placing new leaders in control of struggling schools is the best way to bring change to urban schools. New leaders often move aggressively to enhance fiscal management, personnel policies, and building maintenance.
This particular theory can also be related with various ways through which people in a society share common ideas and opinions (Budrys 1-70). The aspects of functionalist theory can be noticed in Chapter 1 of the book titled ‘Dishonoring the Dead’. This chapter the author Jonathan Kozol largely focuses on the aspects that seem to have a strong relationship in matters pertaining to segregation in urban schooling system.
Conversely, terrorism may also be seen as the unlawful use of violence and force against persons and/ or property, in order to intimidate or coerce a government, civilians, or a segment of the civilian population as a way of furthering social or political objectives.
The main factors contributing to the rejection of the pay reward model include the indulgence of the malpractices in undertaking their roles so as to emerge winners and thus get the accorded payment. Many critics argue that monetary payment
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