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Education in the Middle East in the Last 20 Years - Essay Example

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In the essay “Education in the Middle East in the Last 20 Years,” the author discusses the improving access to education in most of the Middle East countries. Like in any of the other developing countries, education was not taken seriously in the Middle East countries in the past…
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Education in the Middle East in the Last 20 Years
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Download file to see previous pages Poor governance, political revolutions, poor traditional laws, and high poverty levels have had negative reflections on attitudes towards education, especially for the girl child. However, the reform movements have seen significant changes in the people’s perception of education. The governments are increasingly investing in education as they seek aid from international agencies and industrialized nations. Thus, despite the difficulties that are experienced in the most of the Middle East countries, there have been significant improvements in education in these countries, especially in the last two decades. The level of literacy, especially for women, has improved dramatically with women having more access to institutions of higher learning. Education improving in the Middle East in the last 20 years Introduction Education has been considered as one of the fundamental human rights that are necessary for development in a given society. Every individual in the society has the right to access quality education owing to the benefits that education has to the individual and to the society. Education contributes towards all aspects of development in the society. It provides individuals with the basic knowledge and skills that are appropriate for the development of a career. It provides the medium through which different talents can be identified that are beneficial to the society (Behrman & Stacey, 1997, p.11). Education improves an individual’s general understanding of life as well as how to relate to others morally and responsibly in the society. Through education, one is able to understand his or her fundamental rights and freedom in the society, and the necessary steps to be taken when such rights are infringed. The fights for democratic forms of government that are experienced in different parts of the world can be easily won if the citizens are more educated. The education in the Middle East has been low as compared to the other parts of the world like the West. In many regions in the Middle East, education was not taken seriously by the public as well as the government. It was considered a luxury and its access was limited to few individuals (Editorials, 2005, para.3). The restrictions were extreme on the female children. The political oppression, traditional beliefs, and high levels of poverty greatly contributed to this situation. The Middle East Countries include the Arab nations in South Asia and North Africa like Syria, Yemen, Egypt, Iraq, Afghanistan, Iran, Armenia, and Bahrain among several others. The countries have certain similarities and differences in terms of the system of government, economic activities, and the religious culture. All these countries exhibit the Arab–Muslim relations. Most of these countries and the neighboring countries of North Africa that form the Greater Middle East have experienced civil wars resulting from poor forms of governance as well as terrorist attacks. The North African Arab nations have experienced rebel movements that have seen most of their long-term leaders hoisted unceremoniously. Similar revolutions continue to be witnessed in the Middle East countries like Syria and Yemen. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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