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Design thinking is usually incorporated often into the innovation process as well as organisation. Design thinking is the art of coming up with creative and practical solutions to on-going or current problems with an aim and hope of a better future result. As such, design thinking can simply be taken to be a type of thinking that is solely focused on finding a solution (solution focussed thinking). Instead of just focusing on how to solve a specific current problem, design thinking majorly aims at finding the best future solution. As such, the concept commences with a goal. By taking into consideration both the future and present conditions and the problem parameters, design thinking makes it possible for alternative solutions to be explored and evaluated simultaneously. Therefore, unlike design thinking, the scientific methods only commence with definitions of the problem parameters on the way of finding a solution to the problem. It does not explore alternatives or possess the future dimension in its process. Thus design thinking looks at both ambiguous and known aspects of the problem to figure out the open available alternatives and hidden parameters which will lead to the achievement of the goal. Since the process of design thinking is commonly iterative, there exists a lot of starting points. For example, initial problem redefinition or other intermediate solutions.
Design thinking is a multidisciplinary process covering fields such as engineering, law, psychology, marketing and economics among others. For example, in engineering, education is geared towards the creation of engineers who can think and create designs (Pourdehnead, et.al, 2011). However, design thinking is a complex subject and one of the approaches used in teaching engineers design is the project-based learning approach (Dym, et.al, 2005). Engineering design
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Design thinking can be described as a cognitive process of developing practical improvements to organizational performance by combining rationality, empathy and creativity (Jones, 2008). Empathy refers to the process of understanding the context of a particular problem, creativity entails generating solutions and insights that can be useful in solving the problems while the element of rationality helps in analyzing the identified solutions and insights to determine if the fit the contexts of the problems.
Design thinking is a relatively new and contemporary way of thinking, but is catching on very fast. Nowadays design thinking is used in a range of places that is institutions, organizations and businesses. More so, design thinking is advisable to upcoming designers as it is believed that if a designer knows how to approach problems and have an idea how to solve those problems businesses will grow quickly.
To understand the design process better, the learner according to design the model has to view the problem as a multidisciplinary problem, requiring a broader approach to solve (Pugh, 1991). Mathews (2011) further notes that the use of technical language through symbols helps an individual to understand broader concepts, yet requiring just a few symbols to comprehend.
to problems and identifying new prospects and the methods and instruments are normally different and their efficiency is debatable but the main elements that are involved with the process remain the same. It has taken a long time to arrive at a particular definition that can be
s a key promoter of innovation across different platforms, as well as providing solutions to a number of complex problems that business face within the modern day world. As such, a number of top business schools across the world, as well as engineering and design schools are
Design thinking is one of the skills required. Further, it is more accessible and is viewed as a central activity of engineering. Many scholars have argued that engineering and other programs should graduate students
Instead of focusing on solving a particular problem, design thinking has a wider goal of obtaining a better future outcome. Through a consideration of the future and present conditions and the parameters of a problem, a simultaneous exploration of alternative solutions
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