Student's Full Name: The Significance of Guns (as a technology) 24 April 2012 (estimated word count = 1,313) Introduction The early humans who lived in caves had relied on their brute physical power so that they could survive in the wild…
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Some of these groups had competed against each other for food and survival; those who lasted a bit longer managed to do so with the introduction of new technologies, the use of “advanced weaponry” through the use of javelins, spears, knives and arrows for big-game hunting. It may be right to say the first arms race among humans occurred between cavemen using wood clubs.1 Human societies progress and change over long periods of time through either of the two change processes: evolutionary and revolutionary change. The first is gradual while in the latter, it is a drastic change which entails an inflection point which is a break in the pattern of things. Inflection points are potentially disruptive, as what Andy Grove in giant chip maker of Intel pointed out, a change which people must embrace and adopt, in order to survive (Grove 105) because these points alter the existing paradigms and status quo and even risky at times. American sociologist William Fielding Ogburn described social change as either a material or non-material change (an example of material change was the introduction of the iron plow) or in the case of non-material change, the rise of capitalism and its opposite, communism. Discussion Many changes occurred as human societies and civilization progressed, which had in a way contributed greatly to our improvement. Ogburn traced social changes to introductions of new technologies, with three distinct phases in it, which are: invention, discovery and later, diffusion (Ogburn 77). Invention is the creation of something entirely new, such as a device. Discovery relates to the process of learning something that is totally new or ascertaining what is new as something that was previously overlooked or unrecognized. Diffusion is the spread of knowledge related to the invention and discovery to other groups of people able to use it. In this regard, gun technology underwent these three phases Ogburn had mentioned. Gun technology came about as the direct consequence of the invention of gunpowder in China which changed weaponry to a great extent, in a sense people are now able to fight each other at some distance from each other, unlike before when they need to be in close proximity. This development has a profound effect on warfare, colonization, empire building, the spread of human civilization, religion and culture; the entire trajectory of human history has been in a way influenced by the discovery of gunpowder and the development of gun technology. Even today, modern societies are shaped to a certain extent by the use of guns in a violent manner, such as the rise of drug cartels and other organized international crime syndicates. Ancient Chinese had accidentally discovered gunpowder in their search for an elixir for immortality (the equivalent of the Fountain of Youth) but used this new-found formula for fireworks displays in attempts to drive away evil spirits but soon adapted its explosive power to the art of warfare in the use of artillery, and later on, in firearms and handguns. A diffusion of this knowledge was spread by the Mongols in their conquest of Europe and the Asian plain. It followed exactly the pattern of three phases as enumerated by sociologist Ogburn.2 Significance of Gun Technology – the invention and acquisition of gun technologies allowed the Western countries to dominate the world in the earlier
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This significance is no surprise, as the precision and accuracy that one can achieve with the help of lasers is un-matched. Due to this property of lasers, they have gained extreme significance in our major daily processes and have made our lives much simpler and accurate (Thyagarajan and Ghatak, 2010, p.471).
Many of the events, which are shown in this movie, have taken place in Latin American past, especially in those countries which have witnessed civil wars as both the government, and the rebels fought to maintain or take power. In these power struggles, the rural populations end up suffering by paying the price of such wars with their lives.
Moreover, so many people sustained gunshot wounds on the same period. In fact, majority of deaths were due to suicides. On the other hand, some of the injuries caused were either accidentally or intentionally afflicted (Kleck 1). In addition, there occurred more than half million violent crimes involving guns inn the same period and most of them were committed using handguns (Kleck 1).
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It has completely changed the fields of medical research, education, computers, modern day warfare and communication.
Since technology is changing at a very rapid pace it is difficult to keep track of all the new tools that are
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