We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Roman and Egyptian Technology - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Roman and Egyptian Technology Technological invention and improvement dates back to the early days, probably with the tools used to dig the ground for planting. According to archeological research, there were different technologies before the 20th century, with extreme and radical improvement on the same shortly after the beginning of the twentieth century…
Download full paper
Roman and Egyptian Technology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Roman and Egyptian Technology

Download file to see previous pages... Horses and donkeys were domesticated roughly between 3000 BC and 4000 BC, while camels were domesticated between 2000 BC and 3000 BC, with the exact dates unavailable. By 3100 BC, Egyptians had invented sailing boats made of papyrus reeds tied together. However, the sails were weak and only useful when sailing unidirectional. Around 2700 BC, Egyptians made wooden ships for trade in the sea. They were steered using a long oar. On the other hand, the Romans built networks of roads in the empire for easy movement of the Roman army from one part of the empire to the other. The wealthy members of the empire used covered wagons on long journeys or horses (Olson 13). The Romans also had merchant ships famously called cortia, which had the ability to over 1000 tons of cargo. They had a single mast that carried the rectangular sail, though some others had small sails at the stern and bow. Similar to the Egyptians, the ships used oars for steering, though they had lighthouses for guidance. The fall of the Roman Empire was a blow to the transport system. Major roads in Europe became dirt tracks and mud in winter. The rudder was a European (earlier, the Roman Empire) invention that went a long way in the steering of ships. In addition, ships became advanced with the rudder and compasses, with three masts in addition by the 15th century. Turnpike roads opened in 1663, with the Bridgewater canal completion at the end of the 18th century. The nineteenth century saw the invention of the railways and steam locomotives, followed by horse drawn omnibuses in 1829 and the first car in 1886 by Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler (Danver 265). At the same time, steam turbines by Charles Parsons improved sea transport. Another interesting ancient technology is that of braces. According to archeologists and the American Association Orthodontists, there have been several discoveries of mummified ancients bearing metal bands around individual teeth. The Etruscans (Roman precursors) buried their dead dental appliances used to maintain dentition and space. In addition, a Roman tomb discovered in Egypt had a mummy whose teeth were bound by gold wire (Archwired). Additionally to note is the recordings of finger pressure treatment of teeth by Aurelius Cornelius Celsus during the time of Christ. Nonetheless, there were no significant orthodontic events occurring before the 17th century. The first publications on teeth straitening were in 1792. Astronomy, the natural science dealing with celestial objects, also dates back thousands of years ago. In ancient Egypt, people believed that the universe was an enormous rectangular box with Egypt at the center and huge lamps hanging down as the stars (Nicholson and Shaw 321). Similarly, most other cultures held the same concept with their cultures at the center of the world. Nonetheless, the ancient cultures, especially in Egyptian and Roman, were held back from technological development for investigating the cosmos by their beliefs in their many unpredictable gods. The Jews, which was the only culture that worshipped God, had a positive influence on the science through the bible. The Greeks were the first ancient culture to become aware of their surroundings. In fact, the word astronomy is a derivative from the Greek words “law and order”. However, the Greeks were not the only culture to try their hands on astronomy, but ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
The Egyptian Revolution
What started out as a peaceful protest by Egyptians to stand against police brutality has finally subsided with more than 1,000 people dead, a multitude of people injured and disabled, the small country of Egypt is well on its way to a much brighter future under a new Constitution, and seeking a truly democratic government.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
A research paper on the burial and ceremonial traditions of egypt compared to the romans and how it influenced america today
The picture that immediately comes to one’s mind about the Egyptian culture includes pyramids, mummies, and the large number of artifacts and ornaments found along with the mummies in pyramids. However, people possess relatively less idea about the fact that the Egyptian civilization shows stunning similarity with many other cultures, especially the Native American civilizations.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Ancient Egyptian Art
(Janson 48) Nowadays, when analyzing various art movements it is helpful to break up major art eras into halves or sub-periods for the reason that many changes occur within their span. However, because Egyptian art has changed little throughout its history it is usually looked at as a whole.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
The ancient Egyptian culture
Situated near the Nile River, the early Egyptian settlers relied mainly on the river to subsist. The river traverses ancient Egypt from Central Africa and merges with the Mediterranean Sea at the triangular area called the Nile delta. The surrounding area near the delta was known as Lower Egypt while the area to the south is Upper Egypt (4).
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Ancient Egyptian Religion
Most of the people know Egypt due to one of the wonders of the world “pyramids”. It is better to know about the roots of religion Egypt possess in ancient times. This religion affected social and moral lives of Egyptian people. More convenient to say, the whole civilization Egypt was based on religious concepts people had in ancient times.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Egyptian art
It is also in a relaxed manner (Tyldesley 8). The scale of statues is significant as it dictates the differences in how it is viewed. Sculptures made to human scale lack intimidation as objects. Scales that are larger than human reduce the viewers to
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Present-Day Egyptian Culture
The Egyptian currency is in pounds. The city that mainly consists of foreigners in Egypt is Cairo (Cunningham and Reich, 6). Cairo is also one of the overcrowded cities of Egypt. The communities of Egypt are considered to be one of the
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Egyptian architecture
od was so massive and had such diverse features to display that great monumental structures along the river Nile, especially the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Great Sphinx of Giza still amaze the architectural engineers and experts of recent times (Tour Egypt, “The Giza
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Ancient egyptian music
It is a fact that the ancient Egyptians considered music to be an important aspect of their lives and it is for this reason that musicians were
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Write a research paper of the topic The Nile River in ancient Egyptian Civilization: An assessment
(Tignor 13). The pre-dynastic periods of the region hold as much history as the post dynastic period of the region. The entire origin and establishment of the Egyptian civilization originates from the establishment of the Nile Valley as
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Roman and Egyptian Technology for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us