Postmodernism and Jean-Paul Sartre - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The essay explores postmodernism and "No Exit" by Jean-Paul Sartre. Increasing industrialization and modernization of this world has made us judge a person’s worth on grounds of how many material resources he/she possesses. This materialistic thinking has also made the idea of death abstract…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.5% of users find it useful
Postmodernism and Jean-Paul Sartre
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Postmodernism and Jean-Paul Sartre"

19 April Postmodernism: Increasing industrialization and modernization of this world has made us judge a person’s worth on grounds of how many material resources he/she possesses. This materialistic thinking has also made the idea of death abstract. The play, No Exit, by Jean-Paul Sartre also seems to stir this idea that in the postmodernism era, the idea of the social relationships between people has disappeared along with the human self. Sartre encourages people to believe that postmodernism is to be blamed for blurring the boundary line between humans and objects.
Before modernism, there was a very distinct line which separated humans from machines. However, increasing industrialization has transformed us into automatons without feelings. Death was not an abstract thing as long as people remained people and acknowledged the value of social relationships. Transition into mere objects can be explained by increased industrialization which has made human life increasingly mechanical. A mechanical lifestyle has made us “lose touch with the pulse of life” (Delio 163). Postmodernism has not only introduced us to an absence of social relationships because we have gone beyond that. We have also lost ourselves (Delio 163). Through No Exit, Sartre forwards this argument that we abuse the right to gaze at others so much that we restrict their freedom in addition to objectifying them. All three damned souls in the play also are so infuriated with each other’s gaze upon themselves that they desperately look for mirrors or anything that could help them avoid the burning effect of gaze. It is claimed that in a postmodern life, “reality itself—i.e., what we have conventionally understood as real—is in a process of disappearance” (Baudrillard cited in Omid). In the past, people were considered human beings. Now, they are gazed upon as objects. People are judgmental and they view others as objects. Such is the culture found around the globe in the current postmodern era in which we witness “the disappearance of the human, the social, and the real” (Omid). We are so deeply enmeshed in this postmodern era that we even view our own death in an abstract light. In this postmodern world, things which were once real have become unreal and things which were conventionally considered unreal are believed to be real. “The new reality is that which can be ‘simulated’ (Omid). For example, death has become unreal and what is shown to us via the reality shows has become the new reality. This is because the new real is that which is artificially reproduced (Best and Kellner 102).
Concluding, there is a very big difference between what we see and what we believe. Postmodernism has blurred this borderline between reality and images. Such concepts like death which were conventionally highly valued and people essentially believed in them because they saw them as real have turned into mere images now which we see every day around us, but which have no effect on us because they are not real. In this age of postmodernism, death is just something we see and not believe in anymore.
Works cited:
Best, Steven, and Kellner, Douglas. The Postmodern Turn. Guilford Press, 1997. Print.
Delio, Ilia. Simply Bonaventure: An Introduction to His Life, Thought, and Writings. New City Press, 2001. Print.
Omid. Disappearance of the Social., 20 Apr. 2010. Web. 20 Apr. 2015. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Postmodernism and Jean-Paul Sartre Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(Postmodernism and Jean-Paul Sartre Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Postmodernism and Jean-Paul Sartre Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Postmodernism and Jean-Paul Sartre

Murders as Victims of Their Own Acts: Selective Works by Albert Camus and Jean Paul Sartre

...Submitted: Murderers as Victims of Their Own Acts: Selective Works by Albert Camus and Jean Paul Sartre Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre both explore the morality and motivations behind murder in several of their works, particularly in Camus’ “The Outsider” and “The Just Assassins” and Sartre’s “Dirty Hands”. Throughout these texts, the murderer protagonist commits the crime and must face the consequences of his actions. These actions inevitably lead the murderers to a state of victimization as each suffers drastically as a result of their own actions. As contemporaries, both Camus and Sartre both held...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Jean-Paul Sartre

...Title The roots of Jean-Paul Sartre’s Existentialist-Marxist understandings are deeply embedded in the objects of freedom (analytically) and personal struggle (history/personal struggle). It is not only impractical to separate Sartre from his time-period, it is impossible. Dissolution of people’s identities both spiritually and historically were being realized through the tragedies of World War I and World War II. Combining these significant destructions with new perspectives concerning Psychology (through Freud, Jung…), Philosophy found a seemingly different path explaining “who we are” and “what is our purpose” as humans. Sartre was heavily influenced by literature and art and through this media suggested an approach... the world...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Being and Nothingness: An Analysis of Jean Paul Sartre and Existentialism

...? Section/# Being and Nothingness: An Analysis of Jean Paul Sartre and Existentialism Seeking to discuss Sean Paul Sartre will without analyzing elements of existentialism would be similar to discussing George Washington without ever mentioning the United States. As a function of this level of comparison, the following analysis will use a particular quote from Sartre with reference to his feelings concerning the condition of nausea and use this is a vehicle to understand the theory of existentialism. Accordingly, the following brief analysis offer for something of a close examination of the following quote: “All of sudden they existed and then, all of sudden, they no longer existed: … I slumped on the bench, dazed, stunned... by that...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Jean-Paul Sartre: Being and Nothingness

...? Sartre and the concept of Anguish According to Jean Paul Sartre, Anguish is a sentimental approach; which a person entails in his subconscious that can lead to his freedom. Moreover, this anguish can lead to distrust and such distrust can lead to unreliability of oneself, as he would be unable to trust his own rational judgement. Hence, individuals need to choose between options in order to survive and set example for the others. Thus, if one chooses a ruthless course of action for the sake of integrity eventually it becomes an optional path for the civilization; conclusively, it is the consciousness of one’s liberty. Sartre’s anguish is a sub-chapter...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Jean Paul Sartre was a philosopher

...Jean Paul Sartre was a philosopher, not a novelist or playwright He was a philosopher, whose epistemic stance was immediately influenced by the twentieth century's unrelenting destruction of ideals and idols, and the annihilation of heroes and heroism; by a century which had witnessed not one, but two world wars; by a century which had exposed the boundless human capacity for brutality and man's limitless ingenuity at inflicting pain and suffering upon others; a century which had witnessed the invasion of France, the treachery of the Vichy government and the collapse of the Third, Fourth and Fifth French Republics. Sartre, a product of, and witness to, the twentieth...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Jean Paul Marat during the French Revolution

...Jean Paul Marat during the French Revolution. (Europe in the Age of Revolutions) Introduction The revolutionary movement that stimulated and stirred France between 1787 and 1799 with its first critical juncture and climax stage in 1789, the sole reason that it is conventionally termed as "Revolution of 1789" which ruined the previous regime and also lead foundation for later revolutions of 1830 and 1848. Jean Paul Marat (1743-1793) who was a politician and a journalist but most significantly he was leader of Montagnard movement (in French mountain man) who were radical Jacobin deputies during French revolution and instituted the reign of terror during French Revolution....
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Life of Jean-Paul Sartre

...The Life of Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre, regarded as the "father of Existentialist philosophy," (Stanford Encyclopedia), was born in Paris on June 21, 1905 in a bourgeois family to father Jean-Babtiste (who died fifteen months later) and mother Anne-Marie (Schweitzer)1 Sartre. He was affectionately called Poulou. Following the passing of his father at such a tender age, he grew up with his grandfather, Karl 'Charles' Schweitzer (Jean-Paul Sartre 1905-1980) and his wife in Paris, but moved with his mother to La Rochelle, when she remarried in 1917. The years that followed marked the life of a man with great creativity, talent in writing, deep thinker and a man of strong political will and persuasion. All... to live is...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Jean Paul Sartre: the Main Criticisms of the Concepts of Existentialism

... Jean Paul Sartre: the Main Criticisms of the Concepts of Existentialism According to Jean Paul Sartre, the main criticisms brought against the concepts of Existentialism are first, that they force man to understand his isolation and thus can never return to solidarity with the rest of his race and second, that they lead to complete caprice because of man’s isolation from others. He explains that the basic principle behind existentialism is the idea that “existence precedes essence, or, if you prefer, that subjectivity must be the starting point” (13). He then introduces a metaphor of God as the artist and man as the art. In this...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review

Existing in the Novel Nausea by Jean-Paul Sartre

.... Generally any plan or design requires a designer to conceptualize and put the issue into operation .Therefore if essence comes before existence then God exists. Conclusion Specifically there is only one being for which essence does not exist before precedence hence he has the slogan that existence exists before essence. That is only applicable with the case of God if he exists. However for human beings, essence comes before existence in most of their issues and phenomenon except on divine issues (Sartre). Works Cited Sartre, J. Nausea Novel,New Classical Series. London: Penguin Publishers, 1964.... in the Novel Nausea Existence and Essence The phrase that existence precedes essence reverses the philosophy that most of the philosophers ...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Jean Paul Sartre

...Jean Paul Sartre Jean Paul Sartre was a French philosopher and literature who lived in the twentieth century. Even though he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1964, he refused accept it. Sartre’s most important contribution to the world in general and to the western world in particular, can be regarded as his theories with respect to existentialism. The principles of Existentialism are based on the experiences of an individual. Sartre argued that neither science nor religions are capable of explaining the existence of human. He has argued that his theories of authenticities can be used for explaining the...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Postmodernism and Jean-Paul Sartre for FREE!

Contact Us