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Cultural Values: Essence of Work Satisfaction - Essay Example

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The author of this essay "Cultural Values: Essence of Work Satisfaction" casts light on the issues of work satisfaction. Admittedly, along with financial status, work relationships and work environment are important aspects of work satisfaction. …
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Cultural Values: Essence of Work Satisfaction
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Download file to see previous pages According to Ronen (1997), culture is a “system in which individuals share meanings and common ways of viewing events and objects” (Landy & Conte, 2010, p.30). Culture is an essential aspect of work as people’s behavior, values and thinking patterns are shaped by their culture (Silverthorne, 2005, p.2). Hence, cross-cultural psychology is an important aspect of I/O psychology as it helps the organizations in functioning smoothly by making them understand the differences and similarities in values from different work cultures and forming a common platform for them (Silverthorne, 2005, p.1). The theory that is applicable to the cross-cultural aspect of I/O psychology is the theory designed by Hofstede (Landy & Conte, 2010, p.36). In his research conducted on 116,000 employees from seventy-two countries, Hofstede found that cultural difference at the workplace can be observed in five basic aspects of workplace behavior pattern.
The primary aspect of culture that was discovered by Hofstede was the aspect of individualism-collectivism (Landy & Conte, 2010, p.36). The individualism-collectivism aspect of Hofstede’s theory says that people from different cultures have different ways of interpreting the emotions of people around them (Landy & Conte, 2010, p.37). For e.g., a research on individualism-collectivism found that people from Eastern cultures (Japan, India etc.) look at the broader picture and wide group of people when interpreting the satisfaction level of employees. (Landy & Conte, 2010, p.37). On the other hand, people from Western culture interpret the satisfaction level of employees on basis of emotions of individuals, i.e. from a leader or a supervisor (Landy & Conte, 2010, p.37). Hence, there is a huge different in the way the team leaders from Eastern and Western cultural backgrounds interpret the satisfaction level of their employees. In the movie Armageddon, Harry Stamper is shown having a collectivist approach to the leadership. Firstly, he refuses to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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