Genocide war between the Hutu and Tutsi people of Rwanda Introduction Genocide refers to an intentional killing of a large number of people. Such killings, in genocide context, target specific populations such as a race of a country. Rwandan genocide is one of the significantly identified genocides of the twentieth century…
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Causes of the genocide Though the Rwandan genocide occurred in the year 1994, its causes were wide spread into the country’s deep history that can be traced to independence period. Both sociological and psychological factors, as a result, accumulated to erupt into the horrific tribal based killings. One of the major sociological factors into the genocide was racial difference between the two communities. Though experts argue that the killings were not ethnically initiated, the genocide involved two ethic groups against each other. The difference between the two communities that identifies superiority complex among the Hutus played a major role. The enjoyed peace that the country had for about five decades prior to the genocide explains this. The country for example enjoyed peace and security in the ‘five-decade’ period while under the rule of the Hutus. A move to shift power from the community was the immediate cause of the killings. As a result, it is understandable that power struggle that was racially based led to the genocide. The powerful elites from the Hutu community could not accept a shift of power from their community and mobilize the Hutus into the killings (Stone, p. 31- 33). Another sociological factor into the genocide was the ‘long-term’ displacement of people from their ancestral land. Also viewed as an immediate cause of the genocide was the move by displaced people, who had in the past been forced to flee to other countries, to mobilize themselves into rebel forces with the aim of reclaiming their land. The rebel movement, that was seen as a threat to the Hutus power then triggered mobilization of the Hutus community by their elites. This is because the rebels were majorly associated with the Tutsi community. The two communities had however coexisted peacefully and a large number of Hutus undertook the killings for fear of being attacked by their fellow Hutus. The organization into the Hutus attacks on the Tutsis particularly spread the message that even Hutus who sympathized or aided Tutsis would be killed. The Hutus, as an ethnic group was therefore forced into the killings. Superiority complex among the Hutus was another factor towards into the killings. Even in the absence of manifested inter racial hatred, the Hutus traditionally perceived the Tutsis to be inferior and degraded. This explains why the Hutu elites could not tolerate a power shift to the Tutsis (stone, p. 31- 33). Psychological factors into the genocide on the other hand included fear among the Hutus elites. While the elites feared power shift to the rebel group, the organizers threatened the Hutus community into participation (Stone, p. 38- 40). David however identifies a mental seed, planted by the colonialist, as having played a role in psychological differences between the two communities into the final conflict (David, n.p.). Timing of the genocide The Rwandan genocide took place in the year 1994. It started in the month of April and ended in July. Clark explains that the genocide took about 100 days (p. 12). Acknowledgement of the genocide The international community, individually as nations and collectively through the United Nations, recognized the Rwandan genocide. National leaders for example recognized the event and their failure to prevent it. The United Nation’s move to establish an international court was also an indication the international c
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“Genocide War Between the Hutu and Tutsi People of Rwanda Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/creative-writing/1450788-genocidal-war-between-the-hutu-and-tutsi-people-of.
The Tutsi were pastoralists while the Hutus were farmers. Rwanda was first colonized by the Germans. Later the country was colonized by Belgians whose main aim was to exploit the country’s resources. In 1933, the colonizers issued identity cards which indicated whether one was a Tutsi, a Hutu or a Twa.
Among all the historical incidents of mass killing, civil conflict, and genocide, Rwandan Genocide 1994 is the most shocking and extraordinary one. Over a period of only 100 days from 6 April to July 16 1994, nearly 800,000 (United Nation) to 1 million (Rwanda government) Tutsis and some moderate Hutus were slaughtered by extremist Hutus (qtd. in SURF).
One of the most infamous crimes of genocide of recent years is the Rwandan genocide of 1994. The number of people who died in the genocide puts the Rwandan genocide of 1994 as one of the highest in recorded history. The Rwandan genocide of 1994 illustrates humanity at one of its worst.
The population aligns with Christianity, Islam, or Traditional African religions.
The Hutus were small-scale agriculturists whose socio-political structure was based on the clans. The head of the clans were Kings, or Bahinza. The Bahinza were regarded as deity-like figures and derived their status from this belief.
All of these steps are horrible and gruesome, but their ultimate acting together forms the horrible scene that is genocide. The steps of genocide can also be shortened to four more direct steps, as decided by the United Nations in 1948. This definition of genocide narrows the steps down to "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
This structural analysis leads to an assessment into organizational factors that include the motivating forces of the Rwandan elite, and the opportunity composition within which they were functioning. The actions of important individuals within the Rwandan elite, and the individual behaviour of the subordinates directly instigating the genocide, are studied by drawing on psychological and criminological theories related to identifying such acts.
This paper intends to retrace the failures of these countries in preventing the bloody genocide that killed almost a million Rwandans in an effort to gain knowledge for future study on the catastrophic effects of supreme political greed.
As we browse deeper into the annals of our history, we cannot simply dismiss the fact that man has taken the ultimate pride and joy in another one's downfall.
The foundation stone for this genocide was laid down by a couple of hard line extremist factions, namely the Interahamwe and the Impuzamugambi. In this genocide, nearly 500,000 ethnic Tutsis and thousands of Hutus were shot
Racial superiority has caused much violence and many deaths for those who have been labeled, by the ‘superior’, as ‘inferior’, which has been spawned mostly by an extreme hatred for those viewed as different or inferior. Such acts of violence have resulted
This essay will focus on one of the most inhumane episodes the world has ever witnessed. The 1994 genocide in Rwanda happened in 100 days leaving scores of people injured, separated and the majority of its victims dead. Hundreds of thousands died during these 100 days. The
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