Terrorism [Author’s Name] [University] Terrorism A risk assessment is an essential measure of identifying mitigation steps and procedures. Terrorism is no exception to this rule. A conventional procedure of risk assessment encompasses the analysis of motives, capabilities, opportunities and targets…
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Since its inception, the nuclear bomb has been one of the major threats hanging over the humanity. With the rapid escalation of terrorist movements, the threat of nuclear attacks is becoming even more probable. Despite the growing availability of nuclear materials, the risks of actual nuclear attacks are still minor, simply because nuclear terrorism is extremely difficult to accomplish (Ferguson & Potter, n.d.). The easiest are those acts which result in the least damaging consequences (Ferguson & Potter, n.d.). The problem with nuclear terrorism is not in the availability and accessibility of nuclear materials: in today’s globalized world, getting nuclear materials for a radioactive bomb is not difficult. The main problem is in that creating such a device requires sophisticated technical skills (Ferguson & Potter, n.d.). Building and launching an improvised nuclear device is much more difficult than creating and using a radiological dispersal device (Ferguson & Potter, n.d.). These difficulties, however, do not mean that the probability of nuclear terrorism is zero. As of today, nuclear bombs are the high end of plausibility of what terrorist groups could accomplish (Farber, 2010). The growing insecurity of nuclear materials makes the risks of nuclear attacks even higher. The lack of a comprehensive nuclear terrorism strategy in the U.S. further complicates the situation (Ferguson & Potter, n.d.). Yet, a small group of people who have never dealt with nuclear weapons could easily make a crude nuclear explosive device, with minimum attention drawn to their acts (Harvard Kennedy School, 2012). All these conditions make it easier for terrorist groups to realize their intentions and motives. There are strong indicators that a number of terrorist groups are interested in acquiring and using nuclear power in their acts against civilians. In 1998, Osama bin Laden said that acquiring and using weapons of mass destruction would provide reliable defense of Muslims against the rest of the world (Harvard Kennedy School, 2012). As of today, at least three terrorist organizations could be planning a nuclear attack: Al-Qaeda, Aum Shinrikyo, and North Caucasus-based separatists (Harvard Kennedy School, 2012). These are the organizations that have demonstrated strong interest in the development of nuclear-based terrorist strategies. The exact number of terrorist groups looking for a nuclear weapon is currently unknown, but Aum Shinrikyo and Al Qaeda have already tried to purchase nuclear materials in the black market (Harvard Kennedy School, 2012). For the past ten years, Al-Qaeda has persistently tried to acquire nuclear materials and continues to pursue the goal of getting a nuclear capability (Harvard Kennedy School, 2012). There are no known cases of acquiring nuclear materials by terrorist groups. Also, it is not clear whether any terrorist groups have access to governments that can obtain these materials for them (Harvard Kennedy School, 2012). Yet, there are several ways in which nuclear materials needed for the bomb could be acquired: (a) from a global stockpile of nuclear weapons; (2) from international nuclear facilities containing separated plutonium; (3) from states that are claimed to possess nuclear weapons, such as Russia and North Korea; and (4) from training and research reactors (Harvard Kennedy
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They are of the view that terrorists are being successful in persuading governments to accept their demands also to change their political decisions. The principal standard in terrorism studies i.e. the “strategic model” postulates terrorists to be “rational actors”.
His infamous act of terrorism has also been one of the most tragic and heart-breaking incident that marked the pages of world history and that is, the 9/11 attack, which is considered as one of the apparent examples of terrorism. Terrorism has also been associated to a variety of terminologies so as to give individuals a picture of what it is.
Through their unconventional cell structure, al-Qaeda was able to avoid this tradeoff to some extent, having both a relatively high lethality and survivability. But this tradeoff has come back to haunt them in non-conventional warfare. In essence, CBRNE/WMD attacks by terrorists could be highly deadly but are not likely to be very frequent; meanwhile, cyber-attacks are likely to be frequent but are not likely to cascade to do very much damage.
Manifestation of envy and selfishness, vanity and morbid fanaticism inadvertently acquire in our imperfect society such diabolical forms as terrorism. The experience of recent years, especially in our country, showed that terrorists most commonly use explosive devices in preference to solve the problems of political, religious or ethnic character.
Many have given different interpretations and outlooks to this subject. The meanings given by many of the famous philosophers have aroused interests and thoughts of many others who are actively in pursuit of this topic. Even though the definition of terrorism has
Hence terrorism never had any particular definition in the criminal law. However, it does involve fear, violence, murder and other forms of physical and emotional harm. All of these acts are actually based upon personal and national goals. Although they
The Urban Dictionary gives a populist meaning of the word by stating that it is when a person’s or a group of people’s fear is manipulated for gaining forceful agreements to certain objectives. Terrorism is not war whereby either a state or non-state actors carry out an organized conflict characterized by extreme violence and economic destructions.
Third, terrorists seek to establish public sympathy. Through the attacks, they can warn their enemies and inflict fear in them. Fourth, terrorists seek to provoke a government to respond. Such responses are
dynamic twist owing to the improvement in technology; thus, terrorist apply the use of modern technology to a greater deal in the implementation of their acts. The formation of terrorist groups has been on the rise particularly among the Arab nations making understanding of
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