Various medical procedures utilize isotopes such as fluorine, gallium, rubidium, nitrogen, thallium, xenon, krypton, iodine, and technetium. Some of the isotopes are crucial in imaging and treatment of…
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Thus, isotopes are important in the diagnosis of medical conditions, treatment of certain diseases, and sterilization of equipment and products.
The diagnosis of the medical conditions utilizes radioisotopes. Technetium-99 is the commonly used radioisotope, and the radiation from the element offers essential information regarding the functioning of specific organs in order to detect any malfunction. The information from the radiation enables the physicians to make accurate and quick diagnosis of the patients’ illness. Technetium-99 is the most abundant isotope of the radioactive technetium, and can penetrate into the body to provide vital information. Fundamentally, technetium-99 has important characteristics that make it useful in the diagnosis of the medical conditions. Notably, the isotope is metastable. This implies that technetium-99 has excited nucleus that emits the gamma rays to attain stability (Roat-Malone, 2003). Consequently, the emitted gamma rays are significant in medicine because they enable the medical practitioners to image the internal body parts for crucial diagnostic information. It is noteworthy that the gamma radiations are not harmful to the body. The emitted gamma rays contain ideal energy (140.5 KeV) for the detection with the gamma camera (World Nuclear Association, 2015). Similarly, the half-life of six hours makes the technetium-99 a useful element in the diagnosis of disease. In effect, the decay time is enough for the physicians to conduct any medical test.
The use of the technetium-99 in the diagnosis of medical conditions has notable advantages, as well as, disadvantages. The property of technetium-99 as a pure gamma emitter is important in the analysis of the internal body parts. Gamma radiation produced by the isotope has energy levels that do not harm the human body (Roat-Malone, 2003). Hence, the radiations are safe and do not interfere with the normal
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Except for hydrogen, all other known stable atoms have protons and neutrons in equal numbers, this balance is absent in the case of isotopes. The atomic number of an element is determined by the number of protons present on its atom, while the atomic mass is calculated based on the present neutrons (Saunders and Katzenberg, 1992).
They have no electrical charges and light electrons which are negatively charged. The light electrons that are negatively charged are said to occupy the biggest volume of atoms and they determine how a specific atom interacts with other atoms (NSAC, 2009).
Antigens introduced into the tissue will bind to labeled antibodies acting as specially designed reagents, and this technique allows one to assess the presence of specific antigen or protein. This binding event is visualized and examined under a microscope
This leads to a difference in the atomic mass although the atomic number is the same (McKinney, et al, 1995). However, since neutrons are chemically in active, the difference caused by neutrons does not affect the atoms chemically. As a result, isotopes have similar chemical reactions, but only differ physically due to their atomic mass difference.
The author will also identify the intended audience targets, the key drivers for the implementation of this initiative, the possible evidence base supporting this campaign, the likely positive or negative effects on patient care and the patients’ experience of healthcare in relation to the campaign safety in doses.
Rana, et al. (2012) suggests that isotopes bring about the existence of elements in many forms for example carbon 12 and carbon 14. Chemically, isotopes of a particular element have similar behaviors under similar circumstances. Due to the difference in their masses, isotopes differ physically, which explains why isotopes can be separated through processes such as fractional distillation.
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Men folks leap into future is fueled by his sense of appreciation of past. So in this assignment I have tried to outlay the medical history, working hard to cover all important events in nutshell. This assignment tries to unravel the point that ,was there a revolution in medicine, if so what , why and when
Every chemical element has got species of atoms which may be one or more than one with same atomic number i.e. having the same number of protons in the nucleus; the same position in the periodic table; similar chemical properties but different atomic masses and physical characteristics.
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This means that isotopes of an element have the same atomic number. Nonetheless, isotopes do not share the same number of neutrons within their nucleus. As a result, isotopes are said to have divergent atomic weights. There are two major types of isotopes.
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