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Gibbs Paradox...This paper contains a deeply analyzed report about Gibbs Paradox along with its relationship with different theories like Information theory and **thermodynamic** entropy. A Brief Introduction of Gibbs Paradox:- In statistical mechanics, a simple derivation of the entropy of an ideal gas based on the Boltzmann distribution yields an expression for the entropy which is not extensive (is not proportional to the amount of gas in question). This leads to an apparent paradox known as the Gibbs paradox, allowing, for instance, the entropy of closed systems to decrease, violating the second law of **thermodynamics**. The paradox is averted by recognizing that the identity of the particles does not influence the...

6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Organic Chemistry Intro. to Radical Halogenation, Thermodynamics, Kinetics, Radical Halogenation Cont., Alkyl halides...Questions and Answers Compare and contrast **thermodynamics** and kinetics as they pertain to organic transformations. In any chemical reaction there is always a **thermodynamic** and kinetic aspect feature. In kinetic reaction there is always a constant that is responsible of moving forward the reaction. During any reaction free energy is always emitted. This is the **thermodynamic** mass. Kinetics defines a reaction rate and time taken to arrive at equilibrium while **thermodynamics** provides details about the products obtained from equilibrium of a reaction. In organic transformations, a kinetic reaction is more stable at its reactant state. At this state, injection of energy is...

4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Kinetic versus Thermodynamic Control in Competing Reactions...in the semicarbazone. This compound has the lowest activation energy. ?G=?H- ?S where ?G is the Gibbs free energy, ?H bonding energy, ?S amount of disorder, and ?G+ activation energy. Because ?S is the minimum for most processes, the term could be assumed to ?G-?H. According to the **thermodynamic** versus the kinetic control of the compound, the energy reaction is remaining cold due to the small activation energy. When the reaction remains hot, there would be small energy for the compound to return to its initial state. Therefore, the structure of the semicarbonate would be as in diagram 2. Diagram 2. On the other hand, the benzaldehyde semicarbonate’s activation energy is higher than that of Cyclohexanone semicarbazone...

7 Pages(1750 words)Lab Report

Thermodynamic Cycle Analysis...?**Thermodynamic** Cycle Analysis For an engine of your choice (this may be based on your own car or bike, or any vehicle that you can get the information for) you are required to input the correct geometry and initial conditions into the simulation (blue boxes). You should change these values until they match the engine you are interested in. For this question, the Hyundat ix20 engine has been chosen. The values for geometry and initial conditions have been input into the relevant blue boxes in the excel spreadsheet. 2. You should set the initial conditions (green boxes) to reasonable values, explaining your choices. You should also explain the effects that increasing or decreasing these values have on the model. The initial...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Thermodynamics and Information Theory...Running Head: **Thermodynamics** and Information Theory **Thermodynamics** and Information Theory of Introduction
There is a remarkable similarity between the mathematical expressions for the **thermodynamic** entropy, usually denoted by S, of a physical system in the **thermodynamics** established by Ludwig Boltzmann in 1875; and the information theoretic entropy, which is normally expressed as H, of Ralph and Shannon a developed in the 1942. Shannon, In the beginning Shannon was not initially aware of this similarity, and later commented on it upon publicizing information theory in A Mathematical Theory of Communication. In my paper I will explores what links there are between the two...

2 Pages(500 words)Essay

A Generalized Thermodynamic Correlation Based on Three-Parameter Corresponding States... A Generalized **Thermodynamic** Correlation Based on Three-Parameter Corresponding s There is a correlation between **thermodynamic** and volumetric functions. The article by Byung IK Lee and Michael G. Kesler elaborates a generalized correlation basing on the three corresponding states. The three states were proposed by Pitzer and his co-workers. The three states are fundamental and widely used in process design. The original work by Pitzer basing on the same principle was designed within a temperature limit of 0.8. Since then, there have been the development of various correlation in the last five years which have been presented in tabular form but, unfortunately, they cannot be implemented in computers (Lee and Kesler). Moreover... in the in the...

2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cutting edge technology that involves thermodynamics or thermodynamics processes...Cutting Edge Technology That Involves **Thermodynamics** or **Thermodynamics** Processes Introduction Cutting edge technologies de s to technological expedients, systems or achievements that employ contemporary high-level Information technology developments. This technology is embraced by diverse industries, among them automotive, engineering and medical. Developing and applying technologies needs creativity and dynamic processes, especially rapid heat cycle molding using cyclic process **thermodynamics** through specific projects mediums.Advanced environmental technologies are the heart of cutting-edge research, niching on alternative strategies in place of conventional concepts on environmental...

2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Thermodynamic... International standards Standards are documented agreements having technical specifications or other fixed condition to be used time and again as rules, guidelines, or definitions of characteristics, to guarantee that materials, products, processes and services are proper for their purpose (Mattli et.al, 2).
International standard initiate technological, economic and societal benefits. The bring harmonization of technical specifications of products and services leading to the industry being efficient and removing the barriers to international trade. Compliance with international standards promotes the reassurance of consumers that the final products are reliable, efficient and fit for the environment. Global... Internation...

1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Thermodynamic and Fluids Report... Preparatory work before the laboratory tests Before conducting the lab exercise, it is important that one understands the dynamics of the pitot and static tubes and their relationship to the Bernoulli’s principle. A comprehensive analysis should be carried out for one to be in a position to determine the air velocities in the two experiments. The diameter of the both the pitot and static tubes should be determined.
Aim of the experiments
The objective of these experiments is to study the performance of pitot, static and combined pitot and static tubes in regard to the flow of fluids. In the first part of the lab experiment, we shall determine the behavior of the air flow in a pitot tube. In the second part we shall use a pitot... Preparatory...

7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Fuel cells...of **thermodynamic** laws known to limit Carnot Cycle efficiencies. Theoretically, fuel cells can attain efficiency levels of 83% which is however lower in practice and stands at 50%. The operation mechanism of fuel cells operation ensures increased efficacy due to the lack of an intermediate conversion into heat that is the case with conventional power schemes. Fuel cells have also been established to attain full power of operation with half an hour and their high responsivity (Fuel Cells, 2015). With the use of fuel cells in the production of electricity, only a quester of the maintenance procedures currently used in convectional power production techniques is required. Apart from the preferred fuel for use in fuel cells...

4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper