Nobody downloaded yet

Fires in Underground Transport Systems - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
The researcher of this paper will attempt to discuss the causes and effects of tunnel fires or fire accidents in underground transportation systems. It will also make recommendations to mitigate the impact of such types of disasters in future…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98% of users find it useful
Fires in Underground Transport Systems
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Fires in Underground Transport Systems"

Download file to see previous pages Invisible flames and clean wood smoke caused misinterpretations among emergency response teams. In addition to 31 deaths, more than 60 people got hurt ranging from smoke inhalation to severe burns. Kaprun fire disaster The Kaprun fire disaster occurred at the Gletscherbahn 2 railway tunnel in Austria on 11th November 2000. The disaster killed 155 people; 12 people including 10 Germans and 2 Austrian were the only survivors of the catastrophe. As Carvel et al (2005, p. 6) claim, the unscientific infrastructure of the railway car greatly added to the disaster. To illustrate, the unit had kept its fire extinguishers out of the travellers’ reach and there were no smoke detectors on the board. The fire was ignited by an electric heater at the lower end of the train evidently due to a faulty design. The braking system pipes containing flammable hydraulic fluid were quickly melted and this condition resulted in an unexpected halt of the train. The intense fire damaged the emergency exit systems of the train and therefore majority of the passengers were trapped in the train. Prior to the Kaprun disaster, designers had held a general view that fire would not occur in a funicular cabin. 1995 Baku Metro fire According to Fridolf (2010), the fire occurred in the subway system in Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, on 28th October 1995 claimed the lives of 289 people. Electrical malfunction is believed to be the ultimate cause of the disaster even though there alleged to have a deliberate sabotage. Although 95% of the passengers survived the disaster, it remains the world’s deadliest fire in the underground transport system (ibid). Firstly, passengers observed white smoke, which was quickly turned to thick black smoke and caused...
From this research it is clear that underground transportation systems planned and built these days are obviously very complex and vulnerable to fire accidents. Evidences show that fire accidents in the recent past caused extreme damages to people and property alike. Due to the spatial limitations of an underground transportation system, tunnel fires hinder all ‘rescue and repair’ operations and hence add to the intensity of the catastrophe. In addition, unlike other accident scenarios, passengers are less aware of the sources of danger and may not have clear and coherent information. This situation will also become a barrier to evacuation measures and increase the magnitude of the disaster. As Julga argues, technical defects and accidents are the two fundamental causes of fires in underground transportation systems. Although a variety of fire resisting tunnel transportation technologies have been developed recently, none of them is potential enough to completely eliminate the danger of fire. Some of the recent fire accidents in underground transportations systems are described in the paper. They would help one to understand the seriousness of the issue. There are two fundamental causes for fires in underground transportations systems: technical defects and accidents. Evidences suggest that technical defects are the main causes of majority of underground tunnel fires. The discussion altogether indicates that fires in underground transport result in dreadful impacts including human and material damage and immeasurable socio-economic losses. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Fires in Underground Transport Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/chemistry/1394596-fires-in-underground-transport-systems
(Fires in Underground Transport Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/chemistry/1394596-fires-in-underground-transport-systems.
“Fires in Underground Transport Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/chemistry/1394596-fires-in-underground-transport-systems.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
jo
josianne37 added comment 7 months ago
Student rated this paper as
I had an issue with a essay types of works. All until I came across this website and this particular document. Even though "Fires in Underground Transport Systems" is far from my interests, the structure is so great that I use it all the time as an example for my own works.
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Transport
...point to another and this increased my interest in this particular subject such that I decided to watch a video and read an article about the importance of transport. 2 What was it about? The video is about the Minister of Transport in India explaining the big project about upgrading the transport system that is currently underway. The Minister also explains the importance of transport in the growth and development of the economy as well as human welfare. The chosen article is also about the importance of transport and describes different modes of transport that are available in India. 3 Did you read or listen first?...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
Public transport information systems
...? Public Transport Information System: Introduction The Public Transport Information System provides guidance to travelers with their plans for the trip and all sort of information required during the trip. It includes all steps of providing the information and service to its customers. The following document introduces the concept of Public Transport System, its background, its designing, its importance and its benefits that one can get regarding any kind of trip. The main objective of the Government of a country is to make public transport more accessible in the sense that people can have faith and confidence that such...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Human Biological Systems, Gas Exchange & Transport
...? Gas Exchange and Transport Gas Exchange and Transport TAQ Explain the structure of the respiratory system. Respiratory System Component Structure Function(s) 1. Respiratory Controller a) Cerebral Cortex b) Brainstem: “Medulla Oblongata” and “Pons” are two major structures that provide respiratory control. (Speck et al, 1993, p.39, 43). Each of them contains two respiratory centers. There are total four respiratory centers in the brainstem; Inspiratory center, Expiratory center, Pneumotaxic center and Apneustic center. Cerebral cortex provides behavioral control, whereas, brainstem provides an autonomic control for respiration. Overall, this CNS control determines the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
Critical review of ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems)
...providers under the laws of West Midlands shall be made part of the programme. Secondly, users shall be made aware of the right people who are to be in control of the transport services they will be using so that they can ask for identity check from these people when they come to them for service provision. More into the technological aspects of the emergency vehicle notification system, there shall be in-vehicle eCall systems fused into various vehicles providing public transport service. The eCall is going to be a technology based emergency call that is enabled at the very moment there is an emergency with vehicles such as crash, hijack or fire. This...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Global Network Strategies (Geography of Transport Systems)
...Global Network Strategies (Geography of Transport Systems) Movement of information, goods and people is a very essential component of humanity. Many economic activities require great mobility and accessibility. Societies greatly depend on transport systems for supporting a various activities that include distribution, energy supply and commuting. Development of a transport system remains a challenge since it needs to satisfy mobility needs supports economic development and makes a contribution to global economy. The spatial structure of distribution expresses contemporary transport networks. When networks are set, it...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Forest fires
...Forest Fires Forest fires are considered as a type of uncontrolled fire that takes place in a forest area. Forest fires are quite devastating and cause so much of damage to vast areas of the forest. (www.buzzle.com) Causes of Forest Fires It is well known that fire requires fuel as well as oxygen and the adequate amount of heat for its survival. Fuel is available in plenty, in the form of bushes as well as trees along with oxygen in the forest. (www.buzzle.com) The forest fire could be caused either by humans or through natural means. Most of such human induced forest fires are caused due to the setting...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Public Transport Systems and Pollution
...Public Transport Systems and Pollution Introduction Pollution refers to the introduction of detrimental products or elements into the surrounding, also commonly known as the environment. It is classified as a global disaster that is not only a threat to the environment, but also the living things inclusive of man. The epidemic is associated with numerous problems such as global warming, mushrooming of chronic diseases such as cancer, climate change among other problems. It is classified into various types such as air pollution, water pollution, wastes pollution, sound pollution, and light pollution just to mention a few. Due to the interference with national balance, production of different raw materials that are used... in the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Lodon Underground
...number of massagers it serves in the UK. One of the major reasons as to why large number of passengers uses the Tube is due to its convenience as well as the high speed that it adopts. According to the Tube management, safety and reliability cannot result to world-class transport system even though they are the base of good service. As a result, London Underground believes that quality of travelling is the most vital aspect to passengers. One of the major challenges facing London Underground is keeping the city of London on the move while the Tube is being transformed. As the demand for the use of London Underground rise, it has resulted to expansive...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Underground economic
...Teacher 9. Lemieux (2007) lists ways to measure the underground economy. List and describe three of these methods. According to Lemiuex, the underground economy can be measured in several ways. The three of these methods are; a. Direct approaches – the direct approach in estimating the underground economy is done through the use of surveys among the participants in illegal markets. This is most done through verbal questionnaires since participants in illegal markets are likely to be worried that responding to a written questionnaire can be used against them as evidence. Or it can also be “done by extrapolating comparisons of income tax reports with tax audits” (13). This may not be...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
Forest Fires
...FOREST FIRES Fire has been a frequent occurrence in history some due to human causes during the rest of the prevailing weather conditions and fuel. Taking the case of Yellowstone fires of 1988, there is a lot that one can learn from the incident. The Yellowstone fires of 1988, when combined formed the largest wildfire in the history of this park in the United States (Apel, 78). The fire that started as many smaller individual fires by a simple lightning strike, quickly spread out of control due to increasing winds. The Yellowstone fires of 1988 were largely influenced by weather conditions including as wind speed, lack...
2 Pages(500 words)Lab Report
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Fires in Underground Transport Systems for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us