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Motivation - Essay Example

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Taylor is one of the early researchers who came up with a theory of motivating employees. He stated that the main factor that motivates the employees to work hard is the monetary rewards that the employees are provided by the organization (Christiansen et al., 2013). Taylor…
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Motivation Motivation F.W. Taylor is one of the early researchers who came up with a theory of motivating employees. He stated that the main factor that motivates the employees to work hard is the monetary rewards that the employees are provided by the organization (Christiansen et al., 2013). Taylor believed that employees were not motivated by the drive to work and they need to be closely supervised as well as provided with directions and need to be controlled in order to make them work. Taylor was of the idea that in order to motivate the employees, managers need to divide a complete job into smaller tasks and provide the employees with the resources as well as training to carry out those tasks. He was even of the idea that the productivity levels of the worker were more dependent the pay and they produce more if a piece rate pay system is used (Milkovich, 1991). This means that workers produce more and worker hard in order to earn higher wages.
Adam Twidell of Private Fly has adopted various aspects of the motivation theory provided by F.W. Taylor. Firstly, Twidell is following Taylor’s advice regarding the rewards that motivate employees. Taylor stated that it is the pay that motivates employees and even Twidell believes that workers are motivated by extrinsic rewards such as monetary benefits and cannot be motivated through intrinsic ones (Daft, 2011). Due to this Twidell uses the monetary rewards of stock options to those pilots who have been working with the organization for more than one year. Taylor is of the idea that workers are not self-motivated to work and decisions need to be made at the top level management and then these decisions are followed by the lower level of employees (Furnham,2005). Twidell is even following the same rule and he is the one making the decisions for his organization and is delegating tasks to different employees and pilots. Taylor even proposed that the employers have to break down jobs into tasks and award those tasks to different employees along with train and that motivates employees to work. In case of Twidell, he states that there are various procedures to be carried out by the employees working on a plane and these procedures need to be divided amongst employees in order to ensure that all the procedures are carried out correctly.
Elton Mayo is another theorist who has provided a theory regarding the motivation of employees and he proposed that in order to motivate employees to work the employers need to meet the social needs of the workers (Miner, 2005. He contradicted Taylor’s opinion that employees need to be supervised in order to work. He stated that employees are willing to work and they have their opinions that they should be allowed to incorporate in their work. He even stated that employees prefer working in groups and teams and their social needs are met if they are allowed to interact with each other while working. He even stated that employees are motivated to work if their managers provide them with timely feedback and was involved in their working lives.
Adam Twidell of Private Fly has not completely used all the parts of the theory of motivation provided by Taylor, he has even used certain aspects of the theory of motivation provided by Mayo. Mayo stated that employees do not need to be supervised and they can work on their own. Similarly, Twidell does not even closely monitor and supervise his workforce and allows them to work on their own. When employees are allowed to work with little supervision, they invest their own ideas in work and are able to solve different problems in a creative manner (Lussier, 2004). Twidell states that although responsibilities are awarded to the lower level employees by the employers, he still believes that people should be allowed to work without being supervised by others.
The motivation theory provided by Taylor is more applicable in the case of motivating pilots of Private Fly. This is because pilots are more interested in the amount of money they are paid by their employers. Learning how to fly a plane and managing a plane is quite a difficult task and pilots have to invest loads of money as well as time in order to learn how fly a plane (Gregory, 2013). Due to the huge investment they make in their career development, they are more motivated by monetary benefits and are always ready to work with those employers who are ready to offer them higher wages and better monetary rewards such as stock options.
References
Christiansen, B., Turkina, E., & Williams, N. (2013). Cultural and technological influences on global business. Hershey PA, Business Science Reference.
Daft, R. L. (2011). Understanding management. Mason, OH, South-Western Cengage Learning.
Furnham, A. (2005). The psychology of behaviour at work: the individual in the organization. Hove [England], Psychology Press.
Gregory, J. (2013). Aircraft pilot. Ann Arbor, Mich, Cherry Lake Pub.
Lussier, R. N., & Achua, C. F. (2004). Leadership: theory, application, skill development. [Mason, Ohio?], Thomson/South-Western.
Milkovich, G. T., & Wigdor, A. K. (1991). Pay for performance evaluating performance appraisal and merit pay. Washington, D.C., National Academy Press. http://site.ebrary.com/id/10056863.
Miner, J. B. (2005). Organizational behavior. Armonk, N.Y., M.E. Sharpe. Read More
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