Nobody downloaded yet

The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Innovation and Social Capital - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
“The concepts of “communities of practice”, “practice based networks”, “open innovation” and “social capital” suggest social networks are becoming an important factor enabling organisations to learn and innovate. Contrast and compare at least two of the above terms in quotations and discuss some of the challenges organisations may face when participating in social networks”…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.9% of users find it useful
The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Innovation and Social Capital
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Innovation and Social Capital"

Download file to see previous pages Today, the terms of organizational development have been differentiated. Innovation and learning have become key elements of organizational performance. In the past, innovation and learning were promoted using standardized policies, such as research and development, training programs and so on. Currently, the development of innovation and learning within organizations is mostly based on social networking. At the same time, concepts like communities of practice and social capital have been used for reflecting the key role of social networks in enabling organizations to learn and innovate. The above two concepts, the ‘communities of practice’ and the ‘social capital’ are compared in this paper. Their similarities and differences are presented and evaluated, using relevant literature. Moreover, the challenges that an organization is likely to face when participating in social networks are analytically discussed. It is revealed that social networking in critical for organizational success under the terms that it is aligned with the organizational ethics and culture. 2. “Communities of practice” versus “social capital” Communities of practice can be used along with other concepts, such as the ‘social capital’ concept, for highlighting the importance of social networking in promoting innovation and learning within organizations. However, the two concepts may be differentiated, as of their requirements or their priorities. This fact is made clearer by comparing the elements of ‘communities of practice’, as described above, with the elements of ‘social capital’. The first of the above concepts, the ‘communities of practice’ is based on the view that ‘learning starts with engagement in social practice and that this practice is the fundamental construct by which individuals learn’ (Wenger 1998, in Langer 2005, p.77). In the context of the above framework, the achievement of organization’s goals is based on the initiatives of teams that have ‘a shared way of pursuing interest’ (Langer 2005, p.77). On the other hand, the term ‘social capital’ is used for reflecting two different functions: the promotion of specific social structures and ‘the facilitation of certain actions of the actors’ (Coleman, 1988, p.98). The term ‘actors’, as used above, implies both individuals and organizations (Coleman 1988). From another point of view, social capital can be characterized as ‘an asset that emanates from participation in social relations’ (Nielsen 2003, p.2). In other words, social capital can be a quite wide concept, reflecting all activities of individuals, as members of a particular organization. However, in the context of social capital individuals, as actors, are not necessarily members of a team, as in the case of the communities of practice, a fact that offers them a higher flexibility in acting as they wish. Moreover, in accordance with Al-Ali (2003), employees tend ‘to form informal communities or networks all the time’ (Al-Ali 2003, p.91). These networks are used for the development of various organizational tasks, more or less important. This means that the control of organization over the rules and the form of communities of practice may be difficult, especially if they are used for supporting temporary organizational needs (Al-Ali 2003). Such problem does not appear in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Essay”, n.d.)
The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Essay. Retrieved from
(The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Essay)
The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Essay.
“The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Innovation and Social Capital

Evidence for Practice Innovation. Evidence-Based Nursing

...? Evidence for Practice Innovation Introduction Practice innovation is based on the idea of evidence based nursing practice. Evidence based practice in nursing, EBPN, is used to gauge the quality of services offered by an individual nurse, during practice. It is done by obtaining research findings that are concrete and executing them in the nursing practice. It makes use of some concepts of the ancient evidence based medicine. This has recently been started to incorporate evidence in nursing practice1. The major aim of...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Evidence based nursing practice

...Based upon observations, EBNP has positive and negative effect to patient, nurses, and healthcare populations. Because of EBNP, patients will cooperate easily to medical treatments because of the experts’ reviews and baseline data. The EBNP also keeps the nurses updated of literatures and advances made in healthcare. The communication skills of nurses are enhanced because they know what information to provide during patient teaching and healthcare team meeting. EBNP yields a nurse that is professionally confident, assured by facts, and legally accountable for practice (Courtney, 2010, p. 5). It is due to EBNP that healthcare organizations allow cost savings, deliver care effectively, and...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Evidence Based Practice

...?Evidence Based Practice A. Area of Practice The area of practice is an emergency room in Baltimore, Maryland. The hospital in question, of Maryland Medical Center, is a large 750 bed teaching tertiary hospital in an urban inner city. The hospital has many specialties but is nationally ranked in cancer, cardiology & heart surgery, diabetes & endocrinology, ear nose & throat, geriatrics, nephrology, orthopedics, pulmonology, urology, neurology & neurosurgery. The emergency department contains 53 adult patient bed. In terms of traffic, the emergency department ranges between 120-180 visits per day with a range of 25-36 emergency department admissions per day. In considering...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Evidence Based Practice

...? Weight loss therapies: An Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) approach 22 March Table of contents Introduction 3 The Patient History3 Answerable Questions 4 Evidence Resources and Search Strategy 4 Examining the Evidence 4 Evidence Appraisal for Validity, Importance and Applicability 8 Analysis of EBP Usage and Its Limitations 9 References 11 Introduction The notion of evidence-based nursing is an outgrowth from the evidence-based medicine movement. Evidence-based practice (EBP) requires integrating the best available research with clinical expertise and the patient’s distinct values and conditions (Straus, et al., 2005). EBP is an approach that empowers clinicians to give the highest care possible that can meet the diverse needs... ., & Brock,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Innovation in Healthcare Practice

...Innovation in Healthcare Practice Part I_- The Maintenance and Care of ERSD Patients In the absence of federal or man d changes, determining the need for change should need to be a group mandated. After a target process is identified and acknowledged the process improvement team work to identify difficulties and adapt a change with measurable outcomes. The change should be based on best practice and evidence based guidelines. The implementation then takes place in accordance to the revised process; this is then evaluated. Cost containment and consistent innovative improvement are of paramount importance in the maintenance and care of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Evidence Based Practice

...of evidence based practice within nursing. Both mentioned articles were designed as cohort studies than they could be source of B level of evidence, but there is important that if nurses are not participating in developing evidence based care that other professional groups will offer guidelines for nursing. In this way nurses could lose their autonomy and authority (Bonell C., 1999). There are following sources of information, which can be used to develop an evidence base in nursing: systematic reviews (medical community has deficiency of such publications), meta-analyses, results of randomised controlled trials, results of cohort studies and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Communities of practice

...strategies and ideas, determine solutions, and fabricate innovations (, para3, 2010). Wenger and his co-authors (2002) define it as groups of people who share a passion, a concern or a set of problems concerning a topic/something they do, and who through interacting on an ongoing basis, broaden their expertise and knowledge in this area (p4)., (2010) documents the fact that this permits for, but does not require intentionality. Learning can be, and often is, an incidental outcome, which goes with these social processes. In the modern society, the concept of community of practice is being applied in business,...
17 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Evidence Based Management Practice

...Evidence based management practice Evidence based management practice (EBM) is one of the optimal approaches or practices which is used effectively in different fields from medicine, psychology to social work. The basic concept behind this practice is, doctors or psychologists or practitioners would chose the best evidence possible or the most appropriate information obtainable, to make an optimal or thorough clinical decision as part of the decision making process, for the individuals - the individuals whom they are treating or helping to manage. "Evidence based clinical practice is an approach to decision making in which the clinician uses the best evidence available, in consultation with the patient, to decide upon the option... which...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper

Communities of Practice and Social Learning Systems

...Critique to the author’s concept can be regarded as diverse and complex. The author’s concept of communities of practice runs the risk of oversimplifying learning within organizations. The article takes learning as its basis and focus and downplays power. The efficacy of power hinges on individuals’ degree of identification with communities and their practice. The term community of practice fails to place enough emphasis on issues regarding power. The issues regarding power form part of learning and are fundamental in a social perspective on learning. Although the author...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Evidence-Based Practice

...Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare Introduction Evidence-based practices in health care are understood to be those that use the most recent evidences to make enriched contributions that fit in with situational circumstances of each patient, to assist in establishing effective treatments and diagnosis to clinical problems. In this process, patients’ values and preferences are found to be the major focus of making clinical decisions (Fineout-Overholt, Melnyk & Schultz, 2005: 335; DiCenso, Guyatt & Ciliska, 2005: 4-7). This study attempts to develop a study that informs how evidence-based practice supports nursing and healthcare...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Concepts of Communities of Practice, Practice Based Networks, Open Innovation and Social Capital for FREE!

Contact Us