Topic: Ethics and AIDS in the Workplace Answer to question one African Gold Inc. did not make a right decision by neglecting the workers suffering from AIDS. A company has the full obligation to protect the employees who are working for them. AIDS is a dreadful disease and a company has all the responsibility and obligation to educate, protect and support their employees and family when victimized by AIDS…
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The right to privacy grants a presumption of confidentiality in regard to health records, financial, job evaluation and performance records. The right to work include the right to not to be discriminated in compensation, sex, color, religion or race. Secondly comes the issue of public health. The companies have an obligation to protect the employees in the work place from disease and unnecessary physical hazard. Third there are issues of social ethics. What is our commitment to the fair treatment and justice of all members of the society? Framing these issues two questions can be rises as: Is AIDS really communicable in work place? The other is legal: what legal protection do employees with Aids have? This issue has to be considered to find out the ethical implication of this disease on the employees of a company. How communicable Unlike most transmissible diseases AIDS is not transmitted through sneezing, eating, drinking from common utensils, or merely through being around an infected person. All scientific facts so far indicate that transmission is not possible through causal personal contact. Because of the difficulty to transmission AIDS is an easily avoidable disease. Risk of contagion is proportional to highly risky behavior. One has about as much chance of catching AIDS in the work place as of catching cancer or multiple sclerosis. Although AIDS is health issue for business, as well as a legal and moral issue, it is not a contagion issue. Businesses should not allow fear and ignorance to disrupt the work place. According to (Kanengoni 10621-28)“Low morality among the employees, fear and death due to HIV/AIDS may lead to suspicion and lack of tolerance of colleagues infected by the disease”. Legal Protection For employees, the only worse thing than having AIDS is losing in the work place one’s job because of it. In 1970s, AIDS victims had few legal rights or unambiguous remedies in regard to their status in work place. An employee is not terminated from work unless his job performance is affected by the disease. While no company is legally obligated to hire workers with AIDS business cannot refuse to hire an individual because of his disease. The companies should handle the issue of AIDS with flexibility. Each case of AIDS is different and should be dealt on individual basis. The same rule applies to all workers despite the fact whether the disease is cancer, AIDS or heart attack. The companies should develop, publish and implement a special policy on AIDS. The basic posture of very AIDS policy in the work place must be educational. Company obligation on AIDS affected employees The problem with HIV / AIDS in the work place is not just the productivity loss from illness, but the fear of the disease by co –workers, which can result in violence, discrimination, and harassment from other employees and customers. A case of HIV/ AIDS is a serious issue for everyone concerned, and the complexity of the potential management problem which can arise requires the companies develop multi – dimensional policies to deal with it effectively. This should cover issues such as education and communication programs to inform staff of risks and potential hazards of ; universal precaution to avoid contamination, such as cleaning protocols, personal protective equipment,, etc ; control plans to minimize exposure and the
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This vulnerability gets poorer as the disease continues(Felissa R. Lashley, 2009 ). “HIV is transformed in numerous ways, such as anal, vaginal or oral sex, blood transfusion or contaminated hypodermic needles, switch over amid mother and baby during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.
In 1982 the term “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” was coined to describe the array of symptoms noted in individuals with AIDS. The underlying cause of the array is a depressed immune response characterized by the appearance of opportunistic infections, so-called because they are caused by organisms which do not cause disease in healthy individuals.
However, there are also CD4+cells within the central nervous system, these being the microglial cells which are of monocyte or macrophage lineage. These cells can be productively infected by HIV in vitro, and in vivo there is evidence of an HIV-induced cytopathic effect since syncytia-like, multi-nucleated cells are seen in the brains of HIV-infected individuals.
Immunodeficiency is a condition that leaves human beings susceptible to infection by the natural defect of the immune system or by viral infections like AIDS (Leksmono, 2008). In the UK, the death of a 49-year-old man in Brompton Hospital, London in 1981, due to a very weak immune system, may have been the first recorded case of HIV/AIDS.
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
The virus originated, however, in two types of monkeys which were consumed by the chimpanzees. A hybrid of the monkey virus (SIV) spread through infected chimpanzees and a mutated form was eventually transmitted to people in the form of HIV-1.
After a lot of research, the Antiretroviral therapy was discovered. Although ARVs do not necessarily cure AIDS they work in different ways to prevent an HI virus that has entered a host cell from making from making nucleic acid and placing it in the nucleic acid of the host cell. The immunity of the infected person remains strong.
HIV discriminates against no one, people do. This statement has been in use ever since scientists and researchers identified the ways and means through which HIV can and cannot be transmitted from one person to another. However, even with the cosmic education and information about HIV, being circulated all over.
In the first article HIV/AIDS Epidemic Still Ravaging African Countries by VOA’s Kim Lewis, the author dispels the notion that some of the African countries are winning the war against HIV/AIDS. The article asserts that the pandemic
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