There are three primary forms of business organizations in the United States, namely: the sole proprietorships, partnerships and corporations. A sole proprietorship is owned by a single natural person, a partnership is owned by more than one person and a corporation is a juridical entity, which has a personality distinct from its shareholders. In between a partnership and a corporation is a business form called limited liability organization, which takes some of the features of partnerships as well as that of corporations. Considering that the business needs potential large-scale operations because of the expenses it will entail, it is best that Jackie should choose to incorporate her business as a corporation. The following paragraphs give the advantages and dia=sadvantages o each form of business organization.
The sole proprietorship is the most easy to form among all the other forms of business organizations as no formalities are required for its formation except complying with the usual government regulations concerning the operations of certain businesses. Since no formalities are required, the business may be operated by the owner any way he wants. Since the sole proprietorship is an extension of its owner’s personality, the death of the latter also formally ends its existence. Partnerships on the other hand, also suffer the same disadvantage as the sole proprietor when it comes to continuity because death or withdrawal of any of the owners legally dissolves it. (Mastrianna 8).
A corporation is the most complex of these forms of organizations because it entails a lot of paperwork and requires certain formalities. However, it is the most stable of all since the death of any of its stockholders will not affect its continuity or existence since stocks can be transferred from one stockholder to another (Mastrianna 38). A sole proprietor provides for the capital as well as shoulders the losses of the business. If the business incurs any liability in its course, the owner and his property, even those not used in the business, may be made to answer for such liabilities ((Goldman & Sigismond 430). In a partnership, the partners share both profits and losses in accordance to a previously agreed ration. As with the sole proprietorship, the personal resources of the partners may be made to answer for the liabilities of the business (Needles et al 16). A corporation, on the other hand, being a distinct personality from its shareholders, is the only entity responsible for the losses, debts and other liabilities of the business, unless the court has determined that it is being used by the persons behind it for some illegality, in which case, the court may be forced to lift the veil of corporate entity. Thus, normally, the properties of owners and managers are not made to answer for any of the liabilities of the business unlike in sole proprietorship and partnership (Schneeman 22). Stockholders can pledge their stocks to obtain loans (Mastrianna). There are no special tax advantages being enjoyed by a sole proprietor (Goldman & Sigismond 430). Partners, likewise, must pay taxes as personal income from the profits they get individually from the business, in addition to the regular business taxes. Corporations, however, must pay its own income taxes apart from those to be paid by stockholders on their own from dividends they receive from the company.(Mastrianna 38). Many sole proprietorships eventually closes because of the difficulty of getting enough capital for the business, in case of large-scale operations, since only one person contributes to its operation, who is also liable for all its debts ((Goldman &