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Should Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane be Banned Worldwide - Essay Example

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The essay 'Should Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane be Banned Worldwide' aims at exploring various effects of using DDT for the elimination of infectious diseases. The points of view presented in the popular press and in the academic sources will be discussed. The opinion of experts supporting the banning of DDT and their opponents will be analyzed.
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Should Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane be Banned Worldwide
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Download file to see previous pages The utilization of this substance as the insecticide started in the 1940th. For the next 30 years, DDT helped to fight malaria and typhus, as well as was used in agriculture against pests. However, the growing concerns about the environmental impact of DDT led to its banning in many countries. The other reason to put it into the blacklist of forbidden substances was the fact that insects became resistant to DDT. The DDT issue became controversial.

Experts divided into two groups. The advocates of DDT claim that there is no need to ban this substance because it is still effective against vectors of malaria. The opponents suppose that insecticides less harmful to the environment should be used to fight malaria. The complex of economic, planning, medical measures will be the most effective tool against this disease. Each part has its own arguments.

I am going to examine the opinion of both sides presented in the popular sources and in the scientific literature. I chose five articles on the websites and at the online version of the Scientific American. I also analyzed information presented in the university press books and the official reports about DDT. Both types of sources present the opinion of the defenders of DDT and their opponents.

I will start my analysis from the opinion of DDT’s defenders. To understand their point of view, the main facts of DDT history have to be discussed. DDT was first synthesized in 1874. It is a colorless, odorless and tasteless substance. DDT is insoluble in water, but fats, oils, and organic solvents can dissolve it. The insecticidal action of DDT was discovered by Paul Hermann Muller in 1939 ( 1, 2009). Since that time DDT became widely used in Europe, Asia, and America.
DDT opens sodium ions channels in neurons of insects. It leads to spasms and death of insects like mosquitos and bugs. DDT can be used for a variety of species. It fights both pests and vectors of diseases. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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