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Biotechnological Advancements - Assignment Example

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The paper "Biotechnological Advancements" focuses on the recent developments in the field of biotechnology, as far as it has vast applications in many fields. Nowadays we can see many products being advertised as being enriched with vitamins, minerals, amino acids and growth factors etc. …
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Biotechnological Advancements
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Download file to see previous pages As fossil fuels are very limited, the search for the alternative methods that are renewable and safe are looked upon. The biological fuels such as ethanol, methane, hydrogen etc., are increasing day by day. To improve the production quality of these biofuels, the biotechnological approaches are used. The drawbacks of these methods such as low yield, high cost of feed, ad lack of active microorganisms can be overcome by using biotechnological approaches. The use of bacterial consortia, the processing of the raw materials into easily fermentable foods and strain improvement are some of the methods that are used in the biofuel industry. (Kalia and Purohit 2008).
Hydrogen is one of the most promising alternate biofuels. The production of hydrogen is now carried using the chemical methods of refining oils and natural gas. The hydrogen production was increased in the E.coli strain using genetic modification techniques. Here the metabolic pathway is altered. The glucose metabolism towards the metabolic pyruvate formate lyase pathway by interrupting the succinate producing and lactate producing pathways. (Yoshida et al. 2006). By this technique, the yield of hydrogen was increased from 1.08 mol/mol glucose to 1.83 mol/mol glucose which is a 190 per cent increase in the yields when compared to the wild strain hydrogen production. (Yoshida et al. 2006).
The maize is used for the production of biofuel nowadays. The distillery soluble waste obtained after the ethanol production called dried distiller grain soluble (DDGS), is usually left out as cattle feed. The researchers have found that this DDGS has a lot of nutritional value and if the feed is improved with amino acid and vitamin content, it can be used for swine and poultry. (Ufaz and Galili 2008).
Lignocellulosic biomass is widely used as the main source of sugars for the fermentation to biofuels and other energy sources. These sugars are presently bound to the plant cell walls. The process of overcoming these barriers by the use of some breakthrough technologies is termed as “biomass recalcitrance”. (Tomes and Lakshmanan 2010). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Biotechnological Advancements Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words - 1. https://studentshare.org/biology/1751225-recent-biotechnological-approaches-that-have-been-used-to-enhance-the-yield-and-diversity-of-amino-acids-vitamins-antibiotics-and-biofuels.
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