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Homoeostasis - Essay Example

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The Islets of Langerhans located in the pancreas sense the high level of glucose in the blood when a normal healthy person consumes a high sugar meal. The cells trigger the release of stored insulin into the blood stream. The secreted insulin is important in the storage of…
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Download file to see previous pages Hence, insulin helps to maintain the blood glucose at optimum level after a healthy person consumes a high sugar meal.
The body will convert glycogen in the liver and skeletal muscle into glucose to ensure there is enough blood glucose available to a healthy person when they have not had a meal for the twelve hours. The pancreas releases glucagon to stimulate the breakdown of glycogen. The muscle cells convert glycogen stored in the skeletal muscle. On the other hand, several enzymes catalyse the process of converting liver glycogen into glucose. Majorly, glycogen phosphorylase plays a huge role in the glycogen breakdown (Berg, Tymoczko, and Stryer 2006, p. 434). After twenty-four hours of glucose deprivation, the body generates glucose from non-carbohydrate substrate through the process of gluconeogenesis (Berg, Tymoczko, and Stryer 2006, p. 458). The process occurs in the liver and utilises energy.
The temperature control in the people with type 1 diabetes is paramount. The high temperatures generated by cycling can have adverse effects such as nerve damage to the person who forgets insulin injection. The body will attempt to lower the high temperatures caused by inability to sweat exhibited by type 1 diabetic patients (Petrofsky et al 2005, p. 3). Notably, the smooth muscles of blood vessels will dilate to increase the blood flow to the skin surface. The increased flow of blood to the surface will lead to the loss of the excess body ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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