First, the combustible solid waste could be burned to produce energy. Secondly, waste could be processed so as to improve its heat value, make its handling in the combustor easier and thus produce energy. Finally, waste could be processed…
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Nonetheless, the resultant combustion ash leads to concentration of inorganic hazardous materials in the refuse. Additionally, refuse combustion could yield other chemicals that could be toxic. The remaining 10% of waste has to be disposed off, mostly landfilled.
The Integrated Solid Waste Management, ISMW, is a national solid waste management strategy developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency, EPA to assist local communities in making decisions that promote the most environmentally acceptable strategies. This gives a list of five, starting from the most desirable to the least desirable strategy. The first strategy is to reduce the quantity of waste generated from the source to minimize the effect on energy reserves and natural resources. The next most desirable strategy is to reuse materials. After implementing the first two, materials would then be recycled and recovered. Then, combustion, including all treatment methods, follows. Finally, after implementing all the four strategies, the remaining refuse would be landfilled. Engineering helps in balancing community needs when implementing the ISWM strategy to avoid any problems. This strategy has led to the dramatic growth of recycling in the past 20 years, Worrell and Vesilind (2012) documenting a growth from 10% recycling in 1989 to 59% in 2008 in California and 16% in 1990 to 33% in 2008
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According to the report the ‘use and throw’ consumerism together with modern lifestyle-changes has drastically contributed to the increased disposal of industrial wastes, particularly solid wastes. Hazardous solid wastes raise potential challenges to human race and to the environment as a whole.
Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of many different things including food and garden waste, paper and cardboard, glass, metals, plastics and textiles. These are also generated by commercial and industrial organizations although large volumes of chemical and mineral waste are produced in addition, depending on the sector.
The usual methods of disposal have become insufficient in controlling the growing waste production. Land filling and burning are the most accepted actions on solid waste management, however both could negatively impact nature due to the harmful leaks and gases generated from such procedures.
On the other hand, in the modern days, there are solid waste management programs, which are integrated with technology, thereby leading to efficient and protective measures for human health and environment. Moreover, the technological alteration and improvements have emanated from decisions that are made by local communities and this have a direct influence on people.
Solid Waste Analysis When one considers the role that waste plays within the current economic system as compared to what it did but a few decades previously, there has inarguably been a paradigm shift. As a function of this level of understanding, this brief essay will seek to engage the reader with the ways that changing technology has fundamentally shifted the ways that waste is viewed and utilized.
The chapter shows many changes regarding the ways of managing solid wastes between 1990 and 2006. Typically, there are various methods of disposing solid waste material (Lanier & Eldredge, 2005). These include landfills especially
The author states that various factors such as reduced landfill capacity, regulations on landfill diversion, and incentives for renewable energy have intensified the conversion/recycle program in the Los Angeles County. Conversion and recycling programs are highly significant in LA County because it is hard to find new landfills in the County.
The author asserts that there are several methods that can be applied in the collection of solid waste. One of the methods used in the collection of solid waste is curbside collection, which entails the placing of closed containers on the roadside. Solid waste is put inside the containers; upon emptying.
o other acts that may be seen as acts of disposal of waste like the acts of littering in the areas that are unwarranted for such an activity (Stuart and Steiner 96). The other such activities include the ones of dumping waste in unauthorized areas and burning them. There are
Actually,no exact statistical figures convey the immense number that must be dealt with since there are unreported cases of waste generation in several countries yet we can only be certain of the fact that waste quantities increase as they vary in direct proportion with human activities,material and energy consumption,as well as the widely experienced technological growth through time.
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