Human genome is a full set of human being genetic information but together as DNA sequences inside 23 chromosome pairs in the nucleus of the body cells and contained in a molecule in mitochondria. The human genome called haploid contain up to 3 billion DNA base pairs while…
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The codes are used by amino acids in the body to build proteins. When 3 nucleotides come together, it shows one of the possible amino acid. It means that when 3 nucleotides combine together, it develops instruction that the body cells will use to build body proteins. The proteins developed carry out the work of the cells starting from development allover the human life contributing to physical attributes and several other features like behavior and learning (International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium 2004).
There exist twenty four different human chromosomes together with sex determining X and Y chromosomes. The genome is divided into two parts, coding and noncoding DNA sequences (Kauffman 1969). Coding DNA are sequences that can be transcribed into mRNA and converted into proteins in the lifetime of a man while noncoding DNA is made up of those sequences that are not used to encode proteins (Kauffman 1969). Noncoding is all the DNA sequences inside the genome which are not found inside the protein coding exons, which means that they are not represented with amino acid proteins. The full protein coding capacity of the genome contained in exome and it has DNA sequences encoded by exons and this can be converted into proteins. Genome contains several regulatory sequences that are important in controlling gene expression, it is approximated that the sequence contain up to 8 percent of the genome. There are some types of non-coding DNA which are genetic and cannot encode proteins but they can regulate when the genes are expressed. 8 percent of the genome is also made up of repetitive DNA sequences, the sequences varies greatly even among people who are closely related.
The human genome varies depending on the sequence of DNA from one human being to another; people are unique since their genomes are unique. People who are closely related have their genome more similar. The difference between two people
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(Human Genome Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Human Genome Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/biology/1618851-human-genome.
“Human Genome Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1618851-human-genome.
Further applications of genetics gave way to the human genome project, mapping the human genes responsible for traits and diseases. The event with one of the most significance in the field of genetics is the Chernobyl Accident in Belarus in 1986, and the effect of ionizing radiation to genetic material in all organisms as a strong mutagenic agent was established as an important finding in hereditary studies.
The scientific term, “Cloning” is the replication of an organism such that its genetic makeup is the same and as a result,it appears as a carbon copy of its original counterpart. Clones have the same physiology, external appearance and the same genetic coding within their cells.
Based on this perspective, it has been an aspect of substantive importance conducting a comparative analysis of these two organisms, for the determination of whether there are indeed similarities or not. This paper, therefore, establishes a comparative analysis of the human and chimpanzee to establish that indeed the two exhibit significant differences.
It is also creating novel personalized ways of treating common diseases. The varied disorders that have genetic bases and that may accrue a viable treatment from the human genome project are heart diseases, diabetes, asthma, cancer, hemophilia, sickle cell anemia, and
The author states that cloning is discouraged by various nations as cloning is against the rule of nature, which is generating humans, nurturing them and paving the way for uncertainties related with the repercussions of science. At present human population has crossed the figure of 7 billion, a huge burden on the planet.
Knowledge is emerging that might change significantly the human condition in the not too far off future. Enhancements are usually connected to some type of therapy which aims to fix something that has gone wrong. On the other hand space exploration has led to the development of human intelligence inorder to manage and efficiently explore the outer space.
The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a global 13-year venture that officially started in October 1990 and finalized in April 2003. It aimed to uncover all the estimated 20,000 to 25,000 human genes and make them available for advanced biological study (“History of the Human,” 2008).
One prominent area of consideration is what is referred to as designer personalities. Broadly speaking, designer personalities are understood as personalities that are pharmaceutically altered to achieve optimal success and happiness. This essay examines what is meant by the term "designer personality," considers the ways we have of creating this today, and the advantages and disadvantages.
All these led to the development and automatization of DNA sequencing leading to generation of physical and genetic maps by the well discussed Human Genome Project (HGP). This led to accumulation of a wealth of knowledge about the genetics per se and its possible variations, and it took no time to find the links between complex diseases and practice of medicine, although its is still challenging to integrate genetics into the everyday practice of clinical medicine.
As such, human genetic engineering remains a highly controversial scientific aspect with wild expectations and media storms often eclipsing the truth. Borrowing from various secondary sources, this paper seeks to evaluate the arguments for and against human genetic engineering
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