Nobody downloaded yet

Development and Diversification of Living Organisms - Assignment Example

Comments (0)
The paper “Development and Diversification of Living Organisms” looks at the development and diversification, which are dependent on the environmental factors that contribute to the reproduction and growth of species. These include natural selection mechanisms…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.9% of users find it useful
Development and Diversification of Living Organisms
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Development and Diversification of Living Organisms"

Download file to see previous pages The complete set of genes within a living organism’s cell is called genotype. On the other hand, the complete set of physical characteristics that make up the structure of an organism is called phenotype. The limitations of these factors will inhibit the reproduction process, which of course results differ from one species to another because of the differences in characteristics that are inherited and environmental influences. This variation is also the result of a process called mutation, which is caused by radiation, viruses, and errors during DNA replication. Genes that arise by mutation and found at the same place on a chromosome is known as an allele. Thus, it can be said that evolution is the result of two opposing forces.
According to Hardy-Weinberg’s Theory, the genotype and allele frequencies of a population will often remain in equilibrium, unless disturbing influences, such as mutation, is present. The equilibrium state is only possible when the genotype and allele frequencies do not change. This happens when a population has a large size, which prevents the occurrence of genetic drift, bottlenecks and founder effects. The equilibrium state also occurs when there is no mutation, as explained earlier and that random mating takes place, which is explained below.
However, this is hardly the case. In other words, if the equilibrium state is violated by factors such as those mentioned above, then evolution will take place. The genotype and allele frequencies are influenced by environmental and cultural events. A given genotype frequency can occur with random mating in a single generation as this causes the evolution of a given species, which in turn produces a new equilibrium within that one generation. For instance, continuous random mating of a black-haired population will result in homozygotes. Such violations include inbreeding, assortative mating, and small population size. On the other hand, a change in allele frequency can occur when selection, mutation, and migration happen. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Development and Diversification of Living Organisms


...suited to its environment. Fig.1. Amoeba proteus: A One-Celled Organism (, 2010) Physiological Suitability of the Amoeba to its Environment Although amoebas are simple in form, they are highly successful organisms found in abundance in a large variety of habitats across the globe. Amoebas live in “fresh water, the oceans, and in the upper layers of the soil” (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2009, p.1703). Many species of amoebas have adapted to a parasitic life on the body surface of aquatic animals or in the internal organs of both aquatic and terrestrial animals. The protozoan belongs to a much larger group of single-celled organisms called...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Are Viruses Considered To Be Living Organisms

...that the number of species of virus are greater than that of all other living things put together. Viruses are parasites as they can’t nurture themselves and require a host cell for nutrition, growth and reproduction. All viruses are harmful; in fact their capability to operate as ‘mobile genes’ is considered to have inclined the hereditary make-up and development of higher living beings. Indeed their similarity to the genetic material of higher organisms that can move from one genetic material to another can be considered to be as evidence of their beginning. Nowadays, many experts consider that viruses have been descended from bacterial plasmids (small package of genes...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Organization Diversification

...of organizations to successful and professionally be managed, it has to have the proper command and control structure that comes with the experience of trial, error, learn and improvement techniques like the one that the Besix Group has with their almost one hundred years of construction experience developed. Therefore the artfully managed diversification of the Besix Group makes it one of the best organizations. Other companies can therefore consider the management, organization, planning and controlling factors of Besix as a yardstick to measure their progress when they set for themselves the objective to diversify and become as viably and profitable a...
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study

Viruses are living organisms

...VIRUSES ARE LIVING ORGANISMS Viruses are living organisms or not This has been a major topic of debate for decades now because while some argue thatviruses are alive, others contradict this claim on the basis on how we define life. We believe something is alive when it displays the following characteristics: Breathes Shows irritability Grows Move Reproduce With Viruses however, we find that they do not display 4 of the 5 characteristics of living organisms but most definitely reproduce and can adapt to their environment. Does that mean they are alive This is a million dollar question and the answer is rather complex. Viruses are not as...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Proposal

International diversification

...International diversification International diversification has been found to be very beneficial for portfolio investment. There are several ways by which international diversification especially the countries favourable for investment growth is preferable over domestic diversification. Jean-Claude and Jean-Marc propound that “global diversification allows for reduced total risk without sacrificing expected returns.” (1995, p301) International diversification disperses the investment risk to a number of shares and securities in a given portfolio and thus leads to minimisation of risk with maximum rate of return. For example, if an...
6 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Portfolio Diversification

... This paper has demonstrated in simplified language the meaning of diversification to Mrs. Jones. It is believed that Bill Guru would have been able to make her appreciate the advantages of a diversified portfolio, not only in terms of common stocks but also in terms of a combination of common stocks with fixed income securities and cash. As a rule of thumb, Mrs. Jones should have from two months to six months living expenses in the form of cash which she can draw upon, particularly during emergency. I would not recommend that all the financial assets of Mrs. Jones be in common stocks, as she will need cash for regular and extraordinary withdrawals, and the dividends from stock investments will not be sufficient to meet her needs... ...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Diversification Strategies

...Diversification Strategies Throughout the years, companies resort to diversification either at the corporate level of sometimes at the business unit level. The use of different diversification strategies makes it possible to choose strategies that will work for their business. Despite the differences in strategies employed by a different organization, the goal remains similar for most of these firms. They all seek to make profits by increasing their target market. However, not all organizations, which attempt, to diversify achieve success. Therefore, discussed are two companies, one of which was successful while the other was unsuccessful in their attempt...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Organisms & Diseases

.... It happened through two simultaneous outbreaks, in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Nzara, Sudan. In DRC, it occurred in a village near Ebola River. This became the name of the disease. There are five known species of the Ebola virus: Reston, Sudan, Bundibugyo, Ivory Coast and Zaire (W.H.O 12). Ebola spreads among human population through close contact with secretions, blood, bodily fluids from infected animals and organs (W.H.O 12). Burial ceremonies that involve direct contact with the dead person play an important role in the spread of the disease. Infected semen can also transmit the disease for up to seven weeks after recovery. In Africa, infection spreads through handling of fruit bats,...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Product development and diversification on xstrata

...Product development and diversification on Xstrata First Business d Product development and diversification on Xstrata Product Development Strategy of Xstrata: Xstrata has grown the Coal production capacity up to 20% from 2007 to 2011. In Peru, the Xstrata project had given the yield of 400000 tonnes of copper per year with significant by-products such as gold, molybdenum and silver since 2010. Coking coal product of Xstrata is another landmark of the company. Ferrochrome and Vanadium are other products of Xstrata for the last three years. The Xstrata Plc. also mines platinum group metals such as platinum, Palladium, Rhodium for the last three years. Xstrata Plc. also mines the Zinc, Nickel, and Copper. Mined Copper and Zinc... are the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Company Diversification

...Company Diversification Introduction Diversification is a strategy used by the company to spread their risk across various industries in the market (Daft, et al, 2010). Economic depression and technological innovation are more likely to affect a single business organization than that one that has diversified. Apart from reducing the risk, diversification also helps in improving the values of shareholders. How the corporate management team can go about determining whether the company should diversify The corporate management should, first of all, decide on the new industries available that it can enter. Similarly, it has to take into consideration the various successful...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Development and Diversification of Living Organisms for FREE!

Contact Us