Nobody downloaded yet

Research on new discovery in biology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Natural Cocaine Production in Plants Name Subject Teacher Date               Natural Cocaine Production in Plants Researchers and scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology based in Jena, Germany have discovered how cocaine is synthesized by the coca plant…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.5% of users find it useful
Research on new discovery in biology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Research on new discovery in biology"

Download file to see previous pages The coca plant has similar biochemical properties as those that produce alkaloids. The coca plant belongs to a group of plants with natural alkaloids, or nitrogen-containing compounds that produce diverse effects on the physiology of humans. The alkaloid compounds in these plants are proven to have strong pharmacological effects on people and are known to contain nicotine, caffeine, quinine, morphine, atropine, strychnine, and the illegal stimulant compound cocaine. The plants that contain alkaloids include the Solanaceae or potato family, the Brassicaceae or mustard family, and the Erythroxylaceae or coca family, to which the coca plant belongs. The close relatedness of these plants is not only justified by the fact that they all contain alkaloid compounds but also by the fact that they had a common ancestor around 120 million years ago and that the alkaloid compounds that they contain obey similar biochemical pathways. The significance of this fact is that if one were to uncover the details of the natural synthesis of cocaine, then it is possible to study it from the point of view of the other plants to which the coca plant is related (How Plants Make Cocaine, 2012). ...
The plant known as belladonna, which belongs to the Solanaceae family, produces the tropane alkaloid known as atropine, and the synthesis of this alkaloid was compared with that of cocaine in the coca plant. Although the biochemical pathway and mechanism involved in the synthesis of alkaloids is basically the same for all alkaloid-producing plants, and for both both belladonna and coca plants as well, the Max Planck Institute researchers hypothesize that the enzymes involved in the syntheses of different compounds must also be different from each other. The results of the experiment proved the hypothesis true when it was found out that the enzyme that produced the atropine in belladonna proved to be “completely different” from the one that eventually produced cocaine in the coca plant. This enzyme, which is known as AKR or MecgoR, is involved in the biochemical pathway of the synthesis of cocaine by converting the keto group into an alcohol residue, which is actually the same role assumed by the SDR, or short-chain dehydrogenase reductase enzyme in belladonna (How Plants Make Cocaine, 2012). Thus, although there was a basically similar pathway for the production of atropine and cocaine in both species of plants, the very small difference in the nature and identity of the enzyme that catalyzes the keto group towards the end of the pathway is the main factor behind the fact that the coca plant is able to naturally synthesize cocaine, and not another alkaloid compound. Moreover, it is very interesting for the Max Plank Institute researchers to find out that the synthesis of atropine in belladonna takes place in the roots of the plant before the atropine is transported to the leaves, while the synthesis of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Research on new discovery in biology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Research on new discovery in biology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1459267-research-on-new-discovery-in-biology
(Research on New Discovery in Biology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Research on New Discovery in Biology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/biology/1459267-research-on-new-discovery-in-biology.
“Research on New Discovery in Biology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1459267-research-on-new-discovery-in-biology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Biology Student's Achievement
The colleges lose first-year non-major science students prior to completing their first science course within their core in their first year. Fike et al. (2008) dealt with the problem of student retention in community colleges. The magnitude of the problem will be comprehended by the ACT (2007) recommendations that higher education institutions should concentrate on success of the students and work on the predictors of retention of students.
32 Pages(8000 words)Essay
Great expectations Pip's journey toward self-discovery
This type of novel features the “psychological and moral” growth of hero from his earlier part of life to mature age. The protagonist of the story connects him with different “fields in life” till the achievement of “self-knowledge” which helps him to be in accord with the world outside him (4).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Biology Research
Death in black young women (those below 50) with breast cancer could also be attributed to lack of healthcare facilities, poor nutrition, environmental exposure and personal habits. While the study sorts the subtype by
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The carboxyl group of one amino acid is linked to the amino group of the next, and so on. This chainlike molecule, which may range from 50 to several hundred amino acid subunits, is called a polypeptide. A protein may be made up of a
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Pharmaceutical Industry, New Drug Discovery Research Unit, Anti-bacterial Drug Research
A Ph.D. scientist in the relevant field may be absorbed directly as a leader. Before we look at the role of a leader we must understand the need of the antibacterial drug research. Antibacterial drugs have been the most effective of all medicines.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Research Methods (new research methods and paradigms)
Therefore, the main mission of quantitative research is to ensure validity and reliability of study results (Dingwall et al, 1998). Examples of quantitative methods widely used in the social sciences and business and management research are survey methods, formal methods (e.g.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
The Discovery of the Structure of DNA
As any student enters their first year of Biology class, the topic of DNA as a whole is one of the biggest frameworks for biological study and understanding all together. Fundamentally, "DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a very special kind of molecule (the smallest particle of a substance that still has all the properties of that substance).
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Biology Research
Each plant is allowed to perform photosynthesis, and the oxygen gas and sugars produced are tested for radioactivity. Which plant would you expect to produce radioactive sugars, and which plant would you expect to produce radioactive oxygen gas. Why Answer 1:The oxygen gas would be radioactive in the plant that was supplied with water that contained radioactive oxygen.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Advanced Bioinformatics
In spite of the fact that this field occurred in 1970, at our present time it opens huge prospects for development of biology. Moreover, on the background of a rapidly developing science, there are many opportunities for
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
(Kleivi et al. 2004). HCt116 cell line was developed from the tissue culture models of apoptosis resistance. Three cell lines were derived from the colonic epithelial cell lines and HCT116 is one of them. HCT-116 was selected for
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Research on new discovery in biology for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us