Nobody downloaded yet

Human Pheromones/Hormones and Behavior - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Human Pheromones and Behavior Submitted to: Dr. Laura L. Carruth, GSU, Spring 2012 Abstract: In this paper, six research articles are considered where the authors have conducted experiments to determine whether human pheromones exist, and if they do how they affect humans…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.7% of users find it useful
Human Pheromones/Hormones and Behavior
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Human Pheromones/Hormones and Behavior"

Download file to see previous pages Introduction The term pheromone was developed to describe the chemicals used to communicate between members of the same species. Since the development of this word, many examples of pheromones have been found in both animals and bacteria. Pheromones have been found to have many roles, including in courtship, trail following in ants and alerting other group members of potential danger (Wyatt, 2009). However, despite the widespread acceptance of pheromones in other species, there is considerably less research on their role-play on human behavior. One of the difficulties in determining the presence of pheromones in vertebrates is that pheromones are normally defined as producing a measurable action, such as a process or behavior. However, in vertebrates, particularly higher order species, this can be difficult to determine, as individuals exhibit a wide range of types of behavior, which tends to be heavily dependent on context (Brennan, 2010). This is especially true in humans, who exhibit complex behavioral patterns. Pheromones are strongly related to the study of the endocrine system and behavior, as they are chemicals that are believed to be produced as part of the endocrine system in humans, and they have been observed to have significant effects on behavior in other species. This paper is a literature review examining some of the recent evidence for the presence of pheromones in humans and whether these are able to cause significant and noticeable changes in behavior. This will be done by examining two types of studies, those that examine behavioral changes and those that consider changes at the physical level. It is hypothesized that the results from these studies will provide evidence that pheromones exist within humans as they do in other species, and that they have an effect on behavior. Results A behavior that is thought to be linked to pheromones in humans is the act of crying or producing tears when experiencing emotion. This response is believed to unique among humans, and has not been identified in other species. Additionally, tears that are produced as the result of emotions differ chemically from tears created for the protection of eyes. Therefore, the authors of a 2011 study argued that human tears may contain a pheromone. To determine this, the authors collected tears from women who were watching a sad film in isolation. Men were then presented with either tears or saline that had first been exposed to the same conditions as the tears and asked a range of questions. The authors determined that although participants could not tell the difference between saline and tears, there was a significant variation in the response to female faces after sniffing tears compared to saline, with tears inducing a decreased level of sexual attraction and arousal (Gelstein et al., 2011). The authors of this study used carefully planned controls to ensure the validity of their outcomes and strongly argue for the conclusions that they promote. Although the authors do not discuss alternative viewpoints, it is admittedly difficult to determine any, as the results are solid. This study is important, as the behavior of emotional crying is likely to be related in some way to pheromones, as there appears to be no practical purpose for this behavior. Perhaps the most studied potential source of human pheromones is, sweat particularly from underarm secretions as this can be ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Human Pheromones/Hormones and Behavior Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1447616-human-pheromones-hormones-and-behavior
(Human Pheromones/Hormones and Behavior Research Paper)
“Human Pheromones/Hormones and Behavior Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1447616-human-pheromones-hormones-and-behavior.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Human Behavior Research Paper
Death-related behavior has been of great significance to most of the central theoretical developments in human behavior (Stephenson, 1985). This paper extensively discuses belief and practices in both American and Arabic cultures and it aims to highlight on cultural characteristics in regard to these cultures both theologically and secular approaches.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Human Behavior
Such militarized games rely upon the various types of guns and other war equipment as the primary and sole tools that are used throughout the game. As such, the games exhibit heavy weaponry and war throughout its entire plot. Such games are normally referred to as First Person Shooter (FPS) games due to the nature of the game in relation to the manner in which the main character terminates the challengers (Bryant & Vorderer, 2012).
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Honey Bee Pheromones
Honeybee colonies are amazingly well integrated and highly organized. The integrity of the colony is maintained through chemical communication with the help of pheromones. Pheromones are chemical compounds that are produced by organisms to signal or communicate with each other.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Human Behavior Perspectives Comparison
Since anthropology is known as the study of man, it serves as a comprehensive umbrella that can include the study of psychology or human mind, and sociology or human societies. On the other hand, they also have several differences that make them unique in their own right.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
According to Kohl J., 1996, pheromones are social environmental chemical stimuli (e.g. odours) which are produced by one individual and detected by another individual of the same species. They exert their action at a sub- conscious level and the animal may not be aware that it is responding to an odour.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Beef Hormones Issue
As expert scientists prove, the use of growth hormones in food animals poses a potential risk to consumers’ health because hormones found in meat from these animals can disrupt the consumer’s hormone balance, cause development problems, interfere with the reproductive system and even lead to the cancer development. 
18 Pages(4500 words)Research Paper
Human Growth Hormones steriods & body enhancing products
Later in the 1950’s Maurice Raben, an endocrinologist, turned to extracting GH from cadavers. He successfully used it in treating a patient who had been diagnosed with GH deficiency. In the 1960’s, the National Institute of Health formed the National
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
The paper will be answering questions regarding human behavior in different sectors of behavioral approach as well as to make sense of what one can expect about a type of behavior when dealing with a particular situation. This paper has gone further
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
The genetic composition of any given individual operates in three main assumptions, it includes the DNA stretch which its determination is based on protein, the other assumption is related to an inherited strain and lastly the genetic composition is based on
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Changing Human Behavior
For this paper and action plan, I have selected my office colleague working with me in game division in a software company. The person I have targeted
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Human Pheromones/Hormones and Behavior for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us