quora
Premium+

Down Syndrome - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This paper will discuss the Down Syndrome. Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder that hampers the mental and physical development of those afflicted. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.4% of users find it useful
Down Syndrome
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Down Syndrome"

Download file to see previous pages Down believed that those suffering from the condition could lead a better life if given a chance (Bowman-Kruhm 11). The condition came to be referred as Down syndrome in the early 1960s (Margulies 8). Dr. Jerome Lejeune and Patricia Jacobs, in 1959, identified the link between DS and the presence of an extra chromosome (Bowman-Kruhm 12). Symptoms Those suffering from DS exhibit both physical abnormalities as well as health complications. They have delayed cognitive development during early infancy, leading to mental retardation and reduction in intelligence quotient (IQ) from early infancy to late childhood (Rachidi & Lopes). They experience deficiency in speech and language production. The low IQ persists in adulthood and is coupled with a decline in cognition, which is a result of accelerated ageing. By the fourth decade of life, there is often an early onset of neurohistopathology, resembling Alzheimer’s disease (Rachidi & Lopes). Patients with DS have deficient spatial learning, behavioral defects, and memory deficits due to development and functional impairments in neurogenesis, myelination, synaptogenesis, etc. in the brain (Rachidi & Lopes). Patients with DS often have some or many of the commonly recognizable traits commonly associated with the condition. They lack normal muscle tone, giving them a “floppy” appearance (Griffith, Moore and Yoder 270). The head is often abnormally shaped, with an unusually shaped skull. They also have unusual facial features such as flattened nose, large tongues, small mouths, abnormally shaped ears, broad hands with large palm creases, and slanting almond shaped eyes with an abnormal iris...
Those suffering from DS exhibit both physical abnormalities as well as health complications. They have delayed cognitive development during early infancy, leading to mental retardation and reduction in intelligence quotient (IQ) from early infancy to late childhood (Rachidi & Lopes). They experience deficiency in speech and language production. The low IQ persists in adulthood and is coupled with a decline in cognition, which is a result of accelerated ageing. By the fourth decade of life, there is often an early onset of neurohistopathology, resembling Alzheimer’s disease (Rachidi & Lopes). Patients with DS have deficient spatial learning, behavioral defects, and memory deficits due to development and functional impairments in neurogenesis, myelination, synaptogenesis, etc. in the brain (Rachidi & Lopes).
Patients with DS often have some or many of the commonly recognizable traits commonly associated with the condition. They lack normal muscle tone, giving them a “floppy” appearance (Griffith, Moore and Yoder 270). The head is often abnormally shaped, with an unusually shaped skull. They also have unusual facial features such as flattened nose, large tongues, small mouths, abnormally shaped ears, broad hands with large palm creases, and slanting almond shaped eyes with an abnormal iris (Griffith, Moore and Yoder 270). It is also observed that the inner corner of the eyes in patients with DS has a rounded fold of skin called the epicanthial fold (Griffith, Moore and Yoder 270). Apart from these, they also often suffer from gastrointestinal and heart defects.
Some patients with DS are found to possess normal intelligence, while most others suffer from intellectual deficiencies (Margulies 5). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Down Syndrome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1447193-down-syndrome
(Down Syndrome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/biology/1447193-down-syndrome.
“Down Syndrome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1447193-down-syndrome.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Essay on Down Syndrome
Intellectual disabilities may be caused by a plethora of reasons and etiological factors. These etiological factors include head injury, fetal alcohol syndrome and genetic causes for instance Down syndrome. Mostly the intellectual disability will be caused by any other underlying disease or disability.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Down syndrome
Studies provide that the severity of Down syndrome disorders might vary from one individual to another. This article is a summary of the causes of Down syndrome. The pattern of prevalence of Down syndrome Medical studies have classified Down syndrome as one of the most prevalent birth defects.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Issues on Down Syndrome
The condition occurs in 1 per 733 estimates with the chances seen in older parent. Down syndrome has been associated with mental progress, growth impairment and some facial characteristics. Individuals suffering from this condition have low intellect ability.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Abortion of Fetus with Down Syndrome
On the other hand, opponents of Abortion claim that this act is equivalent to killing of a human being an assertion, which the proponents claim is not justifiable. One of the major justifications of the proponents of the act rests in the case of a fetus with a health condition.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Down Syndrome
In certain cases this transfer is not successful and this leads to chromosomal abnormalities. These abnormalities occur due to different reasons such as radiations or chemicals. Primary abnormalities in the chromosomal structure are related to four classes which are deletions, inversions, translocations and ring chromosome.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Massage Therapy for Children with Down Syndrome
This message therapy improved gross motor, feeding, social and cognition scores for both groups attributed to the effects of the Early Intervention programme. In reference to 'Early Child Development and Care' fine motor skills abridges a coordination of small muscle movements in the fingers usually in coordination with the eyes.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Down Syndrome
As humans struggle through the ever increasing myriad of challenges, one thing they have to content with being, that genetic related diseases pose a significant threat to human survival. As such, genetic disorders comprise of various diseases that affect all age groups be it young, or old Genes, (Hindley 67).
21 Pages(5250 words)Essay
Down syndrome
The idiot-imbecile-moron stratification was based largely on levels of language usage: the idiot, mostly mute; the imbecile, limited to a few words for common objects; and the moron, capable of short, focused sentences to express his needs. Currently, severe Down's syndrome is considered to be the result of a major disorder of the central nervous system.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Down syndrome Essay
Often Down syndrome is identified at birth as it is associated with some impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth as well as facial appearance. Common men have 23 pairs of chromosomes but a child with Down syndrome as mentioned earlier has an extra chromosome (47 instead of 46) or one chromosome has an extra part.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Down Syndrome in Children
There are three types of this disorder: mosaicism, translocation and trisomy 21 (National Down Syndrome Society, 2012). According to statistics, this disorder affects one in every 700-900 babies. Persons suffering from this
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Down Syndrome for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us