Avian influenza - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Avian influenza Avian influenza Avian influenza Avian influenza was not expected to cause disease in human beings. However in 1997, an influenza epidemic broke out in Asia and North East Africa (WHO, 2011). The avian subtype H5N1 had been incriminated for the several human diseases and deaths and was known to occur from infected poultry birds and farmyard animals as influenza A (CDC, 2009)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Avian influenza
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Avian influenza"

Download file to see previous pages The swine flu epidemic of 2009 made things look worse. Efforts since then had been consistently attempting to be ever-ready for an influenza epidemic through improving global surveillance and response capacity. The H5N1 avian flu virus was highly pathogenic and had caused disease widely in wild birds and poultry (CDC, 2009). It caused 408 human cases by February 2009. Guidance for testing of suspected human cases infected with pathological avian flu with H5N1 influenza virus were provided. Enhanced surveillance by local and national health care services was to continue. Cases were to be notified to the local and national authorities immediately a presumptive diagnosis is made. Follow-up of cases was a necessity. In the US, information had to be transferred to the CDC (CDC, 2009). Guidelines for diagnosis Testing and reporting guidelines had been established by the CDC. A person diagnosed presumptively with avian flu had to be hospitalized because it could end fatally. Another requirement for hospitalization was that the temperature of the patient would be equal to or more than 38°C. The patient could have any other respiratory illness like pneumonia or acute or severe respiratory illness (CDC, 2009). ...
The infection was spread through droplet infection when in close contact. Procedure for diagnosis Clinicians needed to notify the local and higher authorities when a person was to be diagnosed using laboratory tests. Specific guidelines were also followed for the clinicians who performed the specimen collection and testing. Protective equipment for the clinicians was to be strictly used to prevent any contamination of the body parts with the suspected or confirmed person with H5N1 virus and when entering the room where aerosol generating procedures have been used where such a patient was lying in (CDC, 2009). The respiratory protector (N-95) filtering face mask, goggles, face shield, latex gloves, gown and head covering were all included (CDC, 2009). In the absence of a particulate respirator, other certified respirators like the NIOSH-certified N-, R-, or P-class respirators could be used. The aerosol-generating procedures could be done only with the N-95 respirator or powered air purifying respirators (CDC, 2009). Bronchoalveolar lavage was a high-risk aerosol generating procedure which required excellent protection. If the clinician had a beard, a loose-fitting respirator could be used. The virus could be detected from the bronchoalveolar lavage, oropharyngeal swabs, or endotracheal aspirate as these specimens usually had the virus. The nasopharyngeal swab contained lesser virus so lower respiratory specimen should be taken (CDC, 2009). However nasopharyngeal swabs sufficed for detection of influenza viruses A and B. If most virus count needed to be isolated, multiple respiratory specimens from the same patient could be taken on other days too. The ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Avian influenza Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Avian influenza Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1435676--
(Avian Influenza Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Avian Influenza Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/biology/1435676--.
“Avian Influenza Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1435676--.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
On February 12,2014, Malaysia reported the first case of the avian influenza A (H7N9) infection to be recorded outside China. The infection was
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Pandemic avian influenza
The disease spreads easily from person-to-person, causing serious illness, and can encompass the whole country and even the world in very short time. Avian (bird) flu is caused by influenza A viruses that occur naturally among birds. There are different subtypes of these viruses because of changes in certain proteins (hemagglutinin [HA] and neuraminidase [NA]) on the surface of the influenza A virus and the way the proteins combine.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Type A Influenza Virus And Why The Biology Of This Virus Is A Threat To Human
The protein part of the envelope is virus coded but the lipid layer is derived from the modified host cell membrane, during the process of replication by budding. Projecting from the envelope are two types of spikes (peplomers): hemagglutinin spikes which are triangular in cross section and mushroom shaped neuraminidase peplomers which are less numerous. A unique feature of the influenza virus is its ability to undergo antigenic variation.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
H5N1 Avian virus
The Avian influenza virus is unique in several aspects. It has a unique structure of the HA structural protein which not only confers host specificity
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Bird flu
Fowl plague was described in 1878 as a serious disease of chickens in Italy. It is resolve that this fowl plague is actually one of the influenza viruses (Bird Flu/Avian Flu 2). It is said to be originated from Serbia Montenegro and is now known to exist all over the world.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
H5N1 Avian virus
Recently, H5N1 virus is not only leading to an increasing number of epizootics, but has also been implicated in several epidemics in humans. The Avian influenza virus is unique in several aspects. It has a unique structure of the HA structural protein which not only confers host specificity to the virus but is also implicated in enhancing the virulence of the organism.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Influenza Pandemic
The disease spreads easily person-to-person, cause serious illness, and can sweep across the country and around the world in very little time. This research explained what Influenza Pandemic means and categorized the three types of Influenza which are the Type A, Type B, and Type C Influenza.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Avian flu
However, emergency or crisis management and communications plans are required to handle all types of incidents and crisis. The avian flu threat that has made itself evident recently as a result of the mutation of the influenza type A virus is a ticking time bomb that needs to be monitored carefully.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Avian Flu Virus
Historically, the emergence and spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 caused significant effects on the health, trade, and economies of a number of countries, particularly in Asia. This happened perhaps due to the fact that in the humans, this strain of avian virus may cause severe disease with extremely high mortality.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Ecology paper
Crowl et al., (2008) further identified that aspects such as land use, climate change and transport vector interrelate in complex systems contributing to spread of pathogens and non-native and native invasive
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Avian influenza for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us