The concept of “The hygiene hypothesis” was first mentioned by David Strachan and it states that inadequate exposure of young children to pathogenic microorganisms (e.g. fungi, bacteria, viruses and parasitic microbes) and allergens hinders the normal development of a natural immunity. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
fungi, bacteria, viruses and parasitic microbes) and allergens hinders the normal development of a natural immunity. Consequently, this condition makes an individual to be vulnerable to infectious diseases and allergies. The hypothesis has been put forward as an explanation to the occurrence of many preventable diseases and allergic infections. The following is an analysis seeking to establish accuracy of the hypothesis with the use of a context that features several case studies in the world and the relevant deductions. Accordingly, it is important to note that the immune system develops from repeated attempts to keep off disease from the low level of pathogens found in a normal environment; as such, when the germs invade the body in life threatening amounts, the immune system successfully wards them off. The need for this exposure in developed nations some decades back saw to larger families than today. This is because parents believed that the elder child would expose the younger one(s) to pathogens, hence harden their immunity (Ascherio &Munge, 2007). It has also been observed that children who are taken to baby care institutions are less susceptible to allergies and immune diseases. The research has indicated that, children who had earlier been exposed to measles or hepatitis A are also quite resistant to allergies. Autoimmune diseases are those that the body should be able to naturally protect itself from, as per the hygiene hypothesis. Such include acute lymphoblastic leukemia affecting young people in the developed world. This is a region where young children are less likely to be exposed, and thereby develop the needed immunity. Unconfirmed evidence also links the hypothesis indirectly to autism, suggesting that an immune disease causes it (Lang, et al. 2010). However, extensive research shows that the hypothesis is of more significance to allergies than to immune diseases (Christensen, 2010). Some of the common allergens, i.e. substances that cause allergic attacks, include pollen, dust, hay, household chemicals, synthetic material, pet fur, some foods and some food preservatives. When these come into contact with the body of the allergic person, his/ her system activates the white blood cells in response to the foreign negative stimulus. (These cells normally help us to fight disease-causing microorganisms). Once released, the white blood cells cause an inflammatory reaction (Christensen, 2010). This reaction is exhibited in various ways e.g. itching, swelling, coughing, asthma, sneezing, running nose, tears etc. Asthma is a chronic condition in which the victim, when exposed to allergens, is unable breathe due to blockage of air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. If no medical attention is availed, patient may collapse or even die. Drugs and inhalers are normally used to control the situation (Christensen, 2010). However, not all scientists concur with the hygiene hypothesis as there is an antithesis to this which is the exposure theory. The exposure theory suggests that the higher the level of exposure to allergens, the more the possibility for allergies incidence. This theory is based on an observation that people living in urban areas have a higher percentage of allergies than their rural counterparts, and they are more prevalent in the developed than the developing world. Modern day people are more allergic as compared to people who lived some centuries back. While this appears at a glance to be true, large portions of the global population prove otherwise, hence the need for a more comprehensive and convincing explanation (Antony et al., 2006). On the other hand, some scholars support the hygiene hypothesis. A health researcher based in Germany, Dr. Erika Von Mutius investigated the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The data will be collected and analyzed using analysis and hypothesis testing. This information will then be given to [INSERT SCHOOL] at a time frame specified by [INSERT INSTRUCTOR]. This research has an impact on nursing instruction and training as well as understanding what improvements have been made over previous research and what areas of mouth care need to be improved upon.
The author explains that proteins are the chief food allergen in milk, eggs, and peanuts. There is a response to another tree nut because in some food groups an allergy to one member of a food family results to the individual being allergic to other members or elements of the same group. It’s also known as cross-reactivity.
Wild vs. lab rodent comparison supports hygiene hypothesis The “hygiene hypothesis” states that people in more affluent societies tend to have higher rates of allergies and auto-immune diseases because their immune systems have not been exposed to as many different microbes from the environment, since people from more affluent societies tend to live with higher levels of hygiene.
isoning depends on the presence of huge amount of bacteria in spoiled food whereas usual intestinal infection could be spread also through drinking water, dirty hands or table dishes.
Actually infection can be disseminated if three conditions are available: source of infection
Consequently, this condition makes an individual to be vulnerable to infectious diseases and allergies. The hypothesis has been put forward as an explanation to the occurrence of many preventable diseases and allergic infections. The following is an analysis seeking
Along with exposure to microbes, consumption of raw milk, which contains whey proteins, also contribute to immunity in children.
The aim of the present study is to discuss the evidences supporting the hypothesis that the children
There are very few patients who show no sign in skin prick test but show severe symptoms. Still skin prick test is the most valid method to be performed to check the sensitivity of an allergen
Major allergen in milk can vary from one to
Hygiene Hygiene is necessary in every field of practice because it has merits for both the patient and the practitioner. This paper will focus on the role that hygiene plays in the field of nursing. It will analyze the importance and impact that hygiene has on adult nursing as a practice and also on pediatric nursing.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Hygiene Hypothesis"
with a personal 20% discount.