The paper describes the architecture style of Le Corbousier and Leon Krior. Both men had different focuses, although there is one thing which linked them – both wanted to ensure that there was harmony between the individual buildings and their surroundings…
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The city is the focus of his design, and his buildings are not isolated works of art. The city itself is the work of art, according to Pophyrios (1984). As such, Krier states that that the physical and structural complexity and density of a city comes out of the social and cultural complexity of this city. He conceives of urban blocks in terms of how they can form complex urban patterns – some urban blocks are more likely to fit together to fit into patterns then others would be. His mantra is that “urban blocks should be as small in length and width as is typologically viable; they should form as many well-defined streets and squares as possible in the form of a multi-directional horizontal pattern of urban spaces” (Krier, 1984, p. 43). He conceives of cities being made of building blocks, such as streets and squares. It may either form the streets and square or it may result from a pattern of streets and squares. He envisions that, in a European city, the building blocks are small and typologically complex in the urban centres, and, as the buildings grow away from the urban centres, the building blocks grow typologically larger, then finally dissolve into single free-standing objects. This is most pronounced when the building blocks are of the industrial age, as opposed to the pre-industrial age (Krier, 1984, p. 44). Krier also states that the periphery of the cities eventually become more of a part of the urban centre. When this occurs, the gardens which were a part of these peripheries soon become crowded, as well, with residential premises and artisans' workshops. This is considered to be, according to Krier, internal densification and exploitation of the urban blocks. This densification and exploitation also leads to the final destruction of these...
Le Corbusier and Leon Krier were substantially different in the way that they conceptualized buildings and the way that these buildings fit in with their surroundings. Specifically, Krier saw his buildings are being a part of a larger whole,and, in this way, he was really more of a city planner than an architect. For him, the buildings were not a reflection of his particular aesthetic, but, rather, were reflections of utilitarianism and city form. The buildings served a function, and this was what concerned him, along with the fact that the buildings must form a coherent whole for the city. Not for him would be a hodgepodge of buildings with incongruent styles within the city centre. He was also concerned with spaces and blocks, in that these are what cities are made of. Le Corbusier, on the other hand, had a different focus. His focus was not necessarily on planning a city, but planning individual buildings, although he did express an interest in keeping Paris from the plan that the city set forth for it. His individual buildings, unlike Krier, did not reflect his individual aesthetics, and this evolved over time. What was unchanging was his use of geometry and his belief that buildings forms should mimic nature and be harmonious with their surroundings. He refined these basic building blocks with this trips around the world, which brought different forms, including neo-classical, into his buildings. Therefore, these two men were different in their focus, although they would be complementary, as both were concerned about the marriage of buildings with surroundings. Le Corbusier was interested in marrying his buildings to the natural surroundings; Krier was concerned with marrying his buildings with one another.
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