Vernacular Building: Influence of Human Surroundings on Buildings A Research Paper Table of Contents Introduction – a Historical Overview 2 The Scottish Parliament Building: Political Decentralization 4 The Scottish Parliament House in Design 5 Interpreting the Vernacular 12 The Great Hall of the People of China 15 Historical Overview 16 Vernacular Building and the Great Hall 5 Conclusion 26 Bibliography 27 Introduction – a Historical Overview Vernacular architecture, in describing buildings, can range from simple primitive shelters to large building types that have a large open concept and, many times, are made up of several different architectural influences…
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In older styles, such as Gothic, Romanesque or Renaissance, these are more evident of times gone by, periods of architecture which are no longer built. Yet some of these influences are reflected in the current-day buildings and consequently, are considered vernacular. Therefore, it is easy to claim that vernacular is a combination of styles, without the influence of any one particular architect or stylist (Arboleda 2006). Vernacular architecture is considered to be crafted by the builder, according to the desires of the owner who may also be the builder too. Over time, buildings such as these, when created through trial and error in first processes, become perfected and then reflect the style of the society or environment within which it resides. Rather than pursuing the aesthetic quality or some egotistical vision of a particular artist/architect, vernacular building is more about accomplishing the factors of function and ecological assimilation and also providing comfort of living at the same time (Ladd 2003). Local materials are used as well as local workers and this also provides a sense of the place having grown from the ‘roots’ of the local social environment. Vernacular building can also be representative of local observances such as a church and its flock of worshipers and provide remembrance of the religion through how it is built, according to the belief structure of those who will use it. The local populace in older times, were craftsmen who utilized functional skills in preparing materials and in the creation of infrastructure which was to provide a functional, well-built building, created to withstand much of nature’s harsh storms and other events, commiserate with that local population and environment (Ladd 2003). In America, log cabins are considered to be the early American style, consistent with the early settlers who built their homes using the trees around them. Today’s pre-packaged version in whatever wood choice you want, represents that stereo-typed tradition of the early days without the hassle of having to cut it down yourself. Of course, you could do it that way if you own the land you plan to build on and have the physical energy to do so. While vernacular building was representative of times gone by, including historical references, today’s version is more about sustainability, technological advances in building processes, and referencing the social and natural environment around the location (Arboleda 2006). The vernacular building is created to provide the necessities of life such as shelter, warmth and a place to cook and eat food. It is created to suit the owner and to also meld within the local social infrastructure. Apartment buildings are a type of vernacular building in that they are built, not necessarily with a particular style, but to suit the basic needs of anyone renting an apartment there. The basics include a main room, bedroom(s), bathroom(s) and the kitchen. In some cases, specifically-intentioned dining rooms are also included in those costing a little more. This is
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ge open concept and, many times, are made up of several different architectural influences. While we might like to build in one style, using those that come from other countries also presents another side of ourselves. It fact it may very well be at odds with its surroundings yet it represents a place that we stand in at a certain point in time.
Therefore, architecture has not only the duty to create functional and well designed spaces but also to provide possibilities to animate human instincts and habits by interacting with all of the human senses’(Steudte, 2007, Conclusion). The design of intelligent buildings applies to both form and function—the practical use of a structure as well as its aesthetic appearance.
This is damaging the environment and increasing the temperature of the world. Oceans are melting and seal levels are increasing. This phenomenon is known as global warming. The dangerous consequences of such climatic change are forcing the world to come up with techniques that are environmental friendly.
The biggest benefit of green buildings is that they ensure the well-being of humans. According to the U.S. EPA, three most fundamental objectives of the programs centered on green building are “to increase efficiency in the use of water, energy; to protect the health and increase the productivity of the building’s residents; and to reduce pollution and waste”.
g excavations in “its ancient sites.”4 The elegance and enormity of Greek classical architecture was imitated so as to make the viewer feel the greatness of artifacts kept inside this museum after being found in the British excavations.5 The total structure made then was “a quadrangle with four wings: the north, east, south and west wings.”6 The colonnade at the south entrance made up of numerous pillars, and the stairs and the pediment complete the external appearance of the entrance to the museum.
We come across several types of architectural structures which are constructed for the purposes of recreation, commercial building, industries, religious activities, welfare of the needy or providing education. The moot question is what role do the architects play in the construction of these types of buildings?
In the book, “In the jungle” by Annie Dilliard, the writer portrays the jungle as a place that is so serene, a place that is very conducive for people to live rather than having to spend a lot of money on
In this scenario, artificial intelligence that is a significant field of computing is being used to develop intelligent buildings. Basically, the objective of developing intelligent building is to offer a creative and less expensive
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