North American Archaeolgy- Mississippian Period - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name Instructor Course Date North American Archaeolgy- Mississippian Period The Mississippian Era developed from AD 900 to around AD 1600. It is regarded as a broad category that archaeologists have used to divide the Midwest and Southeast past of the Indian American people…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.6% of users find it useful
North American Archaeolgy- Mississippian Period
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"North American Archaeolgy- Mississippian Period"

During this time, cities arose where certain communities were allowed to pursue religion and arts in order to create religious and artistic elites. This paper thus analyzes this ancient North American society by looking at various articles written by scholars regarding the Mississippian Period and people. According to Caba (12), Cahokia, the most complex and largest of the Mississippian sites, may have actually functioned as a prehistoric metropolis. A notable discovery that she uses to conceptualize this statement is the Exchange Avenue figurine that has remained intact for a thousand years underground. It depicts a kneeling woman with lips that are slightly parted, eyes that are almond-shaped, and holding a shell vessel. The structure where this figurine was excavated is part of a residential district that archeologists claim is related a ceremonial district more than a kilometer away. This information, in addition to a variety of Cahokia mounds, foundation trenches, more than a hundred test pits, and a collection of Mississippian points discovered in East St. Louis represent an urban region with a dense population (Emerson, 92). Caba (14) further suggests that in general, Cahokia city produced nearly all elaborate and well-executed artifacts of ancient North America. Cooper (9) then states that in 1541, Mississippians lived in Arkansas. Here, they lived along the Mississippi river where they farmed on the fertile levee soil. Similarly, Cahokia was also another settlement on the river levee. Artifacts from the city indicate that the place developed to a city due to trade. They depict a vast trading center where goods came from as far as Brazil. They also show that this food was to support the construction workers building the many structures, especially mounds. Consequently, these structures consisted of sweat lodges, temples and many other public buildings that housed the traders. This then led to generation of a type of momentum where the Mississippians acquired the ability to develop complex societies and cities gradually. Caba (2) terms this theory the maximalists’ theory. She then talks of other Mississippian experts who, in referring to Cahokia, substitute the words “urban’ or ‘city’ with worlds like ’mound center. These are the minimalists. The Mississippians then altered the hilly landscape remade it flat so that it was more suitable for construction and habitation. As if not all, they then built a separate upper class area by building mounds around plazas. Those who lived on the mounds were the elite while the lower class society was used mainly for human sacrifices. Dietary analyses also show that the upper class people fed mainly on fish and dear while the lower class fed on a much more carbohydrate diet. However, according to Braly (34), the Mississippian era was cut short when the Europeans conquered North America. Their expedition, called Hernando de Soto, came with the disease that devastated the population. Furthermore, they disrupted the social order in the society with the military wars they won against the various Mississippian chiefdoms. Consequently, weather factors were the ultimate cause of the decline of the Mississippian Era. The rise in global warming brought deforestation and drought to North America leading to migration from the area form the year 1300 to beyond 1450 AD. Consequently, archaeologists have also found evidence showing that the East Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“North American Archaeolgy- Mississippian Period Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/archaeology/1460090-north-american-archaeolgy-mississippian-period
(North American Archaeolgy- Mississippian Period Essay)
“North American Archaeolgy- Mississippian Period Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/archaeology/1460090-north-american-archaeolgy-mississippian-period.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
North American Archaeology- Mesoamerica
He had many interests, which focused on the aspects of Americanist archaeology (Adams 25). He worked to understand human adaptations to the harsh Great basin area of Western U.S, mainly concentrating on the state of Nevada and temporarily on Holocene post-glacial period.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
North American Archaeology- The Middle Woodland Period in the eastern United States
This entire period was therefore marked with improvements in their settlement, hunting and gathering skills, tools usage, pottery art, textile manufacturing and some even cultivation (mostly in the late woodland period). Since it was a progressive era, the achievements and cultural traits that brought about cultural climax to the middle woodland was more than that of the early woodland period (Anderson and Mainfort, 9).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
North American Studies - Borders
It tells the tales of illegal trade on drugs gone out of kilter in the Texas back country desert. The book is a boarder novel telling of the happenings in the two bordering countries. Its plot follows the interwoven paths of the three core characters set in motion by events relating to drug deals gone awry in the Mexican-American border in Terrell County, Southwest Texas.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
In your essay, explain how and why Mississippi culture changed from the period of Mississippian coalescent societies (also known
The changes in demography were due to transatlantic, continental and local changes. The change in demography was perhaps the most imperative aspect influencing cultural change in the region. The novel diplomatic and political circumstances drove away the older and native residents of Mississippi.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
North American Civilization Paper
Sea levels dropped so drastically that the Bering Strait became a broad, grassy plain. Across that land bridge between the two continents both humans and animals escaped icebound Siberia for ice-free Alaska. Whenever the first migration took place, the movement of Asians to America continued, even after 8000 B.C.E., when world temperatures rose again and the water from melting glaciers flooded back into the ocean, submerging the Bering Strait.” The migrations continued southward and eastward on to the greater portions of North America and eventually all the way down to Tierra del Fuego in modern-day Argentina through South America.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
North American Archaeolgy- Iroquoian Confederacy
What evidence supports both of the claims? The suggestion that Iroquoian confederacy predated the arrival of the Europeans is based on the findings on archaeological sites. Iroquoian confederacies started with neighbouring communities uniting to form single communities.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
North Indian American
These people tend to bear common sentiments about their origin and culture and resemble a strong association. The modern era also cites the due emergence of some stateless nations grouping themselves for their own identities. These underrepresented nations have formed Unions among themselves to be recognized as proper states independent by themselves.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
North American civilizations
The significant elements of Adena culture are mounds which are earthen structures used as their gathering sites and build at an isolated place from domestic living, shamanism which is a
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
North American Agriculture
Eventually, the first attempts at growing crops were made. The oldest food sources grown in the Americas are squash, corn, and beans. They were "once known as the "Three Sisters" by our native peoples-sisters who should never be apart-sisters who should be planted together" (Miller-Sanford, 1).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
North American Compensation
The emphasis is on communication which is considered to be an important part of landscape in the business and cannot be taken for granted. Mercer.com is offering the insight to the attitudes of workers including the factors that drives the engagement in the state of Australia, Canada, Brazil, France, India, Germany, Mexico, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Portugal, UK, Sweden and the United States (Mercer.com, 2007).
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic North American Archaeolgy- Mississippian Period for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us