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Mound Building Cultures - Assignment Example

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The objective of this assignment is to conduct a comparative analysis of the various civilizations that carried out the mound-building activity. The featured cultures are the Archaic culture, the Adena and Hopewell cultures (during the woodland period), and the Mississippian cultures…
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Mound Building Cultures
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Download file to see previous pages According to Price pg33, archaeological investigations indicate the mounds of North America were built over a long period of time by very different types of societies, ranging from mobile hunter-gatherers to sedentary farmers. The indigenous people practicing this trade lived around the great lakes region, the Ohio River region and the Mississippi River region. Their culture dates back from 3000 BC to the 16thCentury this means that earthwork mounds were in existence even before the pyramids were built in Egypt. From archaeological and anthropological studies, it is still unknown whether mound-building communities were the indigenous people of the Americans. “It should be known that the Mound Builders were not from a single tribe. Instead, there were many groups living from the Gulf of Mexico to the Ohio River Valley and the Mississippi River (Price 38).”
The mounds, half-rounded structures that rose from the earth, could serve several functions. Effigy mounds were semi-animal figured mounds. These might have been sites for worship or for burials. Other mounds looked like flat-topped pyramids and could have been used for religious rituals.
Certain types of mounds are still in existence and date back to 2500 BC and there’s strong evidence suggesting the advancement of these cultures to other communities. However these tribes faded, and it's hard to determine which tribes could currently claim descendency from different areas where mounds still exist or may have existed.
Each group of Mound Builders would have had its own set of spiritual practices and cultural standards, and that these might have varied significantly from the practices of other groups. Mound Builders were not harmonized people but many different groups of people with an advanced culture.
This culture developed around 700 A.D. It was developed by a population of farmers who practiced agricultural farming planting crops such as corn, beans, and squash.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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