Ancient cultures - Essay Example

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Ancient Cultures 1) Discuss the changing conventions for representing the human figure in prehistoric and ancient art through comparison of the common examples “portrait head of an Elder” Standing Buddha and Seated Scribe  There have been numerous changes in the conventions for representing the human figure in prehistoric and ancient art…
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The difference on the three representation is on the posture adopted. Roman art was characterized by extreme use of realism and verism especially during the republican time. The human face was represented using faces with wrinkles showing signs of aging to show the value of their ancestors and heritage. One such art was the “portrait head of an Elder,” which was made in 80BCE and had wrinkles all over the face and sagging skin. This was a change from previous art where the ancestors we represented using masks. Another changed portrayal of human was the Seated scribe, which was made between 2450 and 2325 BCE in Egypt. This portrait was a depiction of the sedentary way of life by scribes, which results in flabby appearance (royal-athena galleries Web). The portrait head of an elder that showed respect for the elderly who were considered wise, the Seated scribe demonstrated effects of sedentary life. Standing Buddha was a depiction of the effects of intermixing between Greek and Buddhist. As opposed to previous Buddhist, art, which was, represented Buddha as stupa, Bodhi tree, wheel, empty seat, and footprints. This portrait show the naturalism associated with the Buddhist. Generally, the “portrait head of an Elder” Standing Buddha and Seated Scribe demonstrated increased sophistication in art (royal-athena galleries Web). 2) Discuss the emergence of public art and architecture in ancient cultures. Provide three examples from different cultures that demonstrate the use of art and architecture to promote political ideas.  Introduction Since prehistoric times, human make use of art to represent their culture. Examples of public art and architecture used to demonstrate the way of life in ancient cultures are ‘The Great Stupa at the Sanchi’, which depicts Mauryan culture. Great Pyramids at Giza depicted the Egyptian Civilization while The Parthenon portrayed the Greek civilization. This essay discusses the three public arts to show the use of architecture in different ancient cultures. Great Stupa at Sanchi –Indus civilization Great Stupa at the Sanchi is one of the finest arts demonstrating the culture and architecture of the Mauryan Empire. The gateways to this monument are carved finely to depict Buddhist legends and lifestyle the teachings of Buddhist are inscribed on the 85,000 stupas. The gateways demonstrate tales of Buddha’s incarnations. Additionally, the inscriptions regarding the Buddha’s teachings, his life, sermons, and moment of enlightenment are inscribed (royal-athena galleries Web). The Great Stupa of the Sanchi depicts the urban life of the Indians. Structures such as the bath, granary, and drainage system applied in this art persist up to today. The art thus depicts the changing way of life of Indians. The Great Stupa at the Sanchi was constructed over a long period with additions being made at different times. Great Pyramids at Giza- Egyptian Civilization  The pyramids of Giza are considered the most popular monuments depicting the Egyptian civilization, which was one of richest civilization in the world. The pyramid depicts the great influence of the pharaohs particularly in the ancient Egyptian society. The pyramids, which comprise of massive stone structures, were constructed about 4500 years Read More
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