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ajor chapters in which Diamond sheds light on the concept of gun, germs and steel which was used to exercise dominance and take over other people’s culture.
As Diamond explains, the conquest of Peru by the imperial Spanish came to a climax in 1562 when the Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered Inca emperor Atahualpa. During this battle, several things happened which actually proved how the culture of germs, guns and steel could be used in manipulating an already existing empire. I would like to begin by saying that Francisco successfully used guns to win the battle against his opponents. Although the emperor of Inca had a lot of soldiers in his base at Cajamarca, Peru, he was still defeated by his Spanish invaders who only had a handful of soldiers. To, the Spanish, the number of military men did not matter. What mattered was the type of weapons being used during the fight. Therefore, since the Spanish had a high technology, they would manufacture superior weapons which really enabled them to defeat their enemies during the battle at Cajamarca. This was the ultimate reason for the success of the Spanish soldiers in this war.
While the Inca soldiers were using inferior weapons such as stones, wooden clubs, quitted armors, bronze and slingshots, their Spanish counterparts were boasting of more powerful steel armors and swords. This is an instance of gun at work. Meaning, it is obvious that people with superior weapons stand a better chance of winning a battle if they are fighting with those in possession of inferior ones. Therefore, Diamond is right for saying that the Incas were defeated. Their weaponry would be a big blow to them.
On the other hand, I would like to agree with this author for attributing the Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro’s victory to germs. Meaning, as Diamond examines, the use of germs enabled them to spread dangerous diseases that inflicted a lot pain to the local population. Of course, this is a right account of history
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