The article “Phylogenetic rate shifts in feeding time during the evolution of Homo” is based on research carried out by researchers from Harvard University which discovers that the hominids starting from the Homo erectus till Homo sapiens have their molar teeth size declining…
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These reductions in molar size have led to the present man having small molars. According to the researchers, they make the conclusion that the changes are in line with the starting of fire use and eating cooked food instead of raw food (Organ, Nunn, Machanda and Wrangham 14559). The article findings and explanations are in line with the discussions made by Stanford in his book Exploring biological anthropology: the essentials where the discussion on hominids is based mainly on their anatomical changes and their significance during that time in the phylogeny of the hominids from Australopithecus to Homo sapiens. Stanford specifically discusses the anatomical changes and how the body bipedal plans of the earlier hominids are how they were adapted to the environment (Stanford, Allen and Anton 239). The same discussion is made later on in the book but this time the focus is on the genus Homo (Homo erectus, Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens) and how they were more evolved towards becoming more like the present humans (Stanford, Allen and Anton 277). Even though both chapters discuss different hominids, the anatomical changes according to the period in history and the environment all add up and present a detailed and flowing phylogeny of these hominids. The same discussion about anatomical structures of the various hominids and how each structure of the body acted to facilitate the survival of the different hominids are made in the book by Bailey and Hublin. The book has detailed explanations of the different body structures which give more details and more structures compared to the article discussion and the book by Stanford. However, they all finally discuss the same issue and give the same enlightening discussion. There are also explanations of the effects of the different changes that took place in the body structures of the hominids and the effects of that to not only the hominids but also to the present human being.
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“The Phylogeny of Hominids from the Australopithecus up to the Homo Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1600786-will-ask-writer-to-chose-topic.
For around 3.5 million years we are told that all hominids had the same basic kind of body whose characteristic included; a chimp-sized brain, elongated arms with curved fingers, a snout-like mouth and short legs that enable them to walk slowly on the ground.
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