Anthropology Introduction According to scholars’ definitions, anthropology is a branch of study that focuses on the past, present and the future of the human race, which draws its basis on knowledge from natural sciences, humanity, biological, and social sciences…
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In essence, the concept gained momentum in the nineteenth century through Mead Margaret’s advocacy for the liberation of the female gender. Britain also uses this concept but theirs is more on social anthropology but in the USA, the concept has a classification of four. The four are cultural, social, physical and anthropology in linguistics. Presently, anthropology maintains cemented relations with the state as it forms a basis for scholarly study after anthropologists moved the study of ancient political systems. With this, this essay will delve into the ways that anthropologists have used to ethnographize state and the ways that these attempts have influenced society to understand the process of state and state itself. Background information on anthropology and the state formation In the past, most of the societies were stateless societies, but anthropology shifted its focus from the reasons surrounding the formation of states to the ways in which they operated. Ideally, ethnography is a significant part of anthropology research in which it seeks to understand the ways in which people in societies live their lives (Banard & Spencer viii). It is a contrary data-gathering tool in which researchers visit the population that they intend to study physically that make observations in an indirect way. By the twentieth century, anthropologists adopted the crafting of ethnographies as way presenting social and cultural anthropology. The data gathering process for these anthropologists was a long one as they had to make their researches to entail the spending of time at churches, libraries, and ancient sites in order to establish how states came into being. The basic illustration is that these researchers rely on when conducting their study is the art and myths that might be in existence to a particular society. Over time, social and cultural anthropologists focused on relatively similar studies as mostly of their findings were relational. According to Malinowski, the only way that an ethnographer or an anthropologist would give proper accounts for state systems was by experiencing the lives of their informants first hand as this was a direct insight to their world (Stoller 134). In many instances, people or researchers would view the lifestyles of other people as complex because they did not understand what it really meant to live their way hence prodding the establishment of this form of anthropology. In prior years, this research began as a study of savages and the ways in which they related to one another in societies tat did not have any sets of laws, but it later expanded to include the study of western cultures. The argument that Malinowski presented through his work was that development of a social culture was beyond the intellectual capacity of people as the individual thinking contributed to the establishment of a complex societal culture. One of the reasons that Malinowski chose to spotlight his research on ethnography was because of his Polish ethnicity, which made him to be a Austria-Hungary subject and established ties with Britain. The implication of this was different anthropologists chose to venture into different times of history in order for them to develop comprehensive findings for their research (Stoller 131). Anthropology and the western states In most instances, the researchers or anthropologists that made
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