In general, a culture is a set of shared values, goals and practices that characterizes an institution, group or organization (Haviland, 2008). This is best understood by explaining its characteristics. Culture is learned…
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Culture is shared by a certain and specific group. It is shared through social interaction. For example, the parenting style of my parents may impact my own parent style. Culture changes over time, it is dynamic and diverse. Culture is an important part of anthropological research as it provides the basis of understanding the development of human life. As an integral part of one’s life, culture can help researchers explain the impact of the different changes in the society over time. Generalized, balanced, and negative reciprocity – Reciprocity is the mode of exchange. Generalized reciprocity involves exchanges between closely related people and it functions to establish personal relationships (Haviland, 2008). The return of the exchange is not immediate and there is less expectation that a return will happen. Example, my friend treats me dinner for my birthday, there may be expectation that I will treat her on her birthday too. Balanced reciprocity is an exchange of equal values (Haviland, 2008).. Example, I will give you 3 books and you will give me 3 books that I don’t have but with the same author. The transaction is immediate. Negative reciprocity involves profit, meaning one party gets more than the other (Haviland, 2008).. This is like barter. ...
Usually, the difference between both families depends on how they live or associate together. Our family consists of both nuclear and extended families. We have an aunt living with her husband and children alone, away from everyone else. We have an uncle who lives with his wife’s parents and siblings. Understanding the family structure is important in anthropological research because it sheds light to its influence in the development of the society. Kinship – Kinship is the relationship between people through shared characteristics or through cultural arrangements (Ferraro & Andreatta, 2008). It is the basis for forming social groups and for classifying the different roles and categories of individuals. Through kinship, there are different things that can be transferred or transmitted. It may be goods, values or behavior. Kinship may be by blood or by law. The study of kinship is important for anthropological research because it helps researchers understand how it affects culture. It is also important because it affects social relationships, such as friendship and marriage. How a kinship works can be seen through inheritance. Most often, the closest kin, such as the spouse or children, gets all or more inheritance compared to distant relatives, such as the children of the cousin. Example, understanding the relationship between my parents and my grandparents may explain my parents’ parenting style. Norms vs. transgressions – Norms and transgressions differentiate the different behaviors in the society. A norm is the expected action or behavior. Example, as a child I am expected to respect my parents, such as say thank you, ask for permission to go out with my friends and not lie to them. Most norms are usually implicit or
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“What Is Culture Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1444302-short-answer-only.
This paper endeavors to explore the three levels or layers of culture including artifacts, espoused values, and basic underlying assumptions, which have played an important role in defining an organizational culture. The paper will also present advantages and disadvantages of Edgar Schein’s model of organizational culture and leadership.
I once had the fear of communicating with native speakers because I thought no one might understand me and I might be laughable. I know that even if I spoke in English, my intonation was noticeably Asian and I sometimes felt funny listening to myself. Moreover, I was not very sure of the right words to use and my sentence construction was poor.
Edward Tylor in 1871 defined culture as "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society" (Riley 2007). In other words it revolves around all the customs and knowledge that a society possesses. Some even go to the extent of saying that culture forms a society. Culture in one society differs from the other depending upon the generation which left the culture behind.
HR Case Study Student’s Name Teacher’s Name Course ID Date Task 1 Organizational culture refers to an environment that exists in every organization and set of shared values and implicit assumptions attached to it. These assumptions further govern how individuals functioning in that environment would perceive input of information and react to it.
At the very least the Chinese culture is high context in nature which means that emphasis is laid on the underlying meaning rather than explicit meaning. This means that gestures and non-verbal language is given great importance which may result in room for misinterpretation.
In this context, I chose Starbucks as a coffee producing company with a visible organizational culture.
Sawbucks ‘s culture seeks to first connect with the employees, then with its customers since the company
Religion plays the most dominant role in Arab culture. Islam has a very direct influence on the way Arabs live their life, conduct their family affairs and do business. The Koran is the primary religious text of Arabs and it prohibits alcohol, and pork.
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