Culture of Anthropology: Foragers and Cultivators Introduction Time has evolved. Lifestyles changed. Cultures across different countries may vary, but they were generally questionable of how it all started. Cultural differences of different people from various countries may have something in common…
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The ancient people were generally classified with their ways of living, such as the foragers and the cultivators, who will be compared in this paper. Hence, the classification of the foragers and the cultivators in this present paper will serve as a remedy to the mystery of the native people regardless of the differences in place, nationalities, and race. Definition of Culture Culture is replicated in the personalities of different individuals whose context in life depends on such structural concept (Zou et al. 579). Accordingly, culture is the “common sense” that everybody could instantly act, say and conform to their own community. Culture represents one’s social mannerisms, and it even serves as an identifier to one’s nationalism. Culture could mold one’s character, values, personality, emotions, thoughts, mannerisms, and morale (Zou et al. 579). Moreover, culture is often dispensing to one’s stewardship to others. Culture pervades one to experience the background knowledge of traditional genealogies. It pertains to custom practices in which other groups could understand and comprehend how others will perceive someone’s membership to a certain group or race (Kyrou and Rubinstein 515). Ferrari and Andreatta added that a culture is usually composed of an interconnection between the education, family, religion, government, art, medicine, marriage, and technological factors (44). These things serve as aspects that could influence from one to the other in order to form a mental structure to one’s set of mind, which could represent one’s way of knowing what behavioral standards to do. Foragers Foraging is like hunting for food. This type of activity made the traditional ancestors of every country to survive, especially when they hunted animals and used them as food. This is related to the anthropological cultural studies because the present paper would like to know how the foragers before in a certain country survived with foraging. Kent (4) has even emphasized that the different groups of foragers had differences, which could be based on the social demographic ways of the different ancestors. Therefore, foragers, no matter what race they were, had initiated the evolutionary aspects of anthropology that could be greatly considered as one of its benefits. With evolutionary, foragers have been understood with their adaptive way to survive (Wolford). Accordingly, foraging was the most prominent way of living 10,000 years ago. For instance, African culture was one of the best known cultures in the twentieth century that used foraging as means of living (Kent 1). However, it was also emphasized that it was not only the African people who used this kind of living way back before the time of the modern ways of survival. There were also Ju or ‘Hoansi, who were tribes of the Kalahari Desert (Wolford). This group was the best known foragers in the world before. Women of this group would gather nuts, vegetables, roots, and fruits (Ferraro and Andreatta 155). Men of this tribe were the ones who hunted for animals may it big or small as long as they knew they could handle the animals that could also risk their lives. Therefore, the way of living of the foragers like this group could be dangerous as they would attack some wild animals that they used to hunt. However, since they were already used to such life, the adventures that they took in their way of foraging could be somehow admirable as they learned how to be
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