Nobody downloaded yet

Discuss How Benedict's Work Developed Boas Vision of Anthropology And Whether It Also Represented a New Direction In American Anthropology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Franz Boas was extremely influential in the work of his students, including Ruth Benedict. In Benedict’s work, there is evidence of an adherence to Boas’ historical relativism, cultural relativism and empirical fieldwork, all of which remain important theories in modern American anthropology and it will be discussed in this paper…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Discuss How Benedicts Work Developed Boas Vision of Anthropology And Whether It Also Represented a New Direction In American Anthropology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Discuss How Benedict's Work Developed Boas Vision of Anthropology And Whether It Also Represented a New Direction In American Anthropology"

Download file to see previous pages This anthropological method is still considered to be highly effective today, as it reduces bias in analysis (Young, 2005). The idea of cultural relativism is also much championed in the work of Boas. Like Benedict after him, Boas held the belief that each cultural system only has meaning when studied as a whole, apart from other cultural systems. The moral compass of that particular culture should not be judged against our own moral compass, because they have to be seen relatively (Herskovits, 1973). Additionally, both Boas and Benedict understood that culture and cultural systems change over time, which means that there is an element of historical relativism found in both their works (Herskovits, 1973). This means that an anthropologist should look at a culture as an entity in both time and space to fully understand the rituals and symbols found within it (Herskovits, 1973). It is interesting to see how Benedict took these original ideas about cultural anthropology from Boas and developed them with her own fieldwork and evidence. For example, some of Benedict’s early fieldwork was a continuation of Boas’, working with the Kwakiutl Native American group. Benedict began gathering evidence that, whilst the customs of the Kwakiutl may seem strange, they are intelligible when considered as a part of the whole. This thought was followed on with her own fieldwork on the Pueblo group, found in New Mexico. Again, many of the customs and symbols found in Pueblo culture may seem alien to those reading “Patterns of Culture”, but Benedict (like Boas before her) encouraged the reader to think outside of their own culture to aid...
This paper approves that the cultural relativism which was so promoted by Boas and developed by Benedict has come to be a cornerstone of most academic anthropology. Many academic textbooks promote the idea that a degree of neutrality is needed for true anthropological research. It is easy to assume that all cultures share the same moral and ethical values as our own, but many do not. Many make the mistake of assuming that other cultures are somehow ‘wrong’ for not adhering to ‘our’ values, which ruins empirical fieldwork. In this sense, Boas and Benedict had a huge impact on American anthropology and how it has developed into the scientific field that it is today.
Thisreport makes a conclusion that Benedict built on these strong foundations to develop her idea of cultural identity and national personalities, including some of Boas’ fieldwork in her own research. Overall, the work of Boas and Benedict have been highly influential in the field, having been incorporated into the work of important anthropologists such as Margaret Mead. Particularly important are the emphasis that Boas put onto cultural relativism, suggesting that anthropologists need to be careful when examining other cultures to take the culture as a whole without judgement using personal morals and ethics. Additionally, Boas was highly critical of racism within the field, something which is generally championed by anthropologists working in the field today. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Discuss How Benedict's Work Developed Boas Vision of Anthropology And Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Discuss How Benedict'S Work Developed Boas Vision of Anthropology And Essay)
“Discuss How Benedict'S Work Developed Boas Vision of Anthropology And Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Discuss How Benedict's Work Developed Boas Vision of Anthropology And Whether It Also Represented a New Direction In American Anthropology


...and physical characteristics. Ortner also finds females closer to nature than males because of their tendencies, inclinations and apparent traits. The theory has been topic of discussion since it was first presented in 1972. Though the present paper also views males closer to nature in many aspects, yet it partially agrees with the notion that females have same connection with males as the nature maintains with the cultural attributes prevailing within a society. Ortner declares division of labour as the outcome of biological features of humans. In other words, nature of man’s work, activities, attitude, behaviour and career selection are directly dependent of his innate...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


... of the Samoan Islands share a common language – Samoan, a common culture – fa’a Samoa and an indigenous form of governance called fa’amatai.2 “Due to colonialism, the Samoa Islands and people were divided by Western powers. Today, politically the islands have two jurisdictions, the independent country of Samoa at the western half of the islands, and the territory of American Samoa comprising the islands to the east. The two regions are separated by 64km of ocean. Most Samoans are full-blooded and comprise one of the largest Polynesian populations in the world.3 THE SAMOAN WAY Fa’a Samoa means the Samoan Way.4 Fa’a Samoa dictates how Samoans should conduct themselves. This brings out the Samoan Identity and how they should fulfill... their...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...started being dependent on the Europeans for food, shelter as well as clothing. They also started working on the farms that no longer belonged to their own lands. Governor Macquarie had tried to take several measures to bring the Darug to an order, however, the new styles of living and habits were not suitable to these people and the suffering existed. With their children being taken away, the situations worsened and the relationships shattered (Tobin). The Darug: The Present Social Situation: The people of the Darug society are not provided with their lands in their home country even in the present times. Some of these people long for their homes so that they can be capable of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...Anthropology" According to Hardy Weinberg equilibrium which is also known as Hardy-Weinberg law, occurrence or presence of alleles remains stable. This is also known as the frequencies of alleles in a given population. This stability of the alleles is responsible to maintain the equilibrium through generations. Alleles are inherited in the similar manner unless their nature is altered by some external forces encompassing environmental factors causing mutation, a genetic drift, meiotic cycle, gene flow or due to non-random mating. Mutation brings modification in the genes, they are capable of altering the genetic sequence and hence they alter or modify the characteristic of the organism....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


... natural phenomenon. Still, biologists affirm that evolution is a fact that is in a similar way to gravity. This is because evolution mechanisms are less understood and these mechanisms explored by several theories of evolution. With this regard, evolution may be a fact as it interpreted in various ways by different people but does not change the assumption. Works Cited Larson, Edward J. Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory. New York: Modern Library, 2004. Print.... Scientific Theory In his book, “Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory” Larson argues that, a scientific theory is a hypothesis supported with valid testing that gives enough evidences of a phenomenon. It based on continuously confirmed...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Task: Anthropology The legacy of a prophet is a life related story as well as documentary on the Muslim religion with peculiar emphasis given to Muhammad. The political life as well as cultural characteristics takes a centre stage with milieu and ulema leaders. This is due to diverting interpretation of the Muslim law that prevails. The religious leaders of the Muslim community require respect and patience for others. This is evident among the Dalits, which blame the political Ulema for various conditions present at the moment (Shadid 87). For instance, the Ulema led to the development of diverse classes that make living conditions better for some people while others extremely difficult. This is together...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment


...Anthropology In Shadids book (legacy of the prophet) describes new Muslim leaders not rooted in the Ulema, or in the milieu of the Ulema, or in theirforms of social reproduction (families, Madrassa). What are some of the main common and differentiating features of these new leaders and their messages? Ulama is a term used to describe the class of educated Muslim legal scholars, who have completed studies in various Islamic fields such Faqih, Mufti, or Muhadith. In the book “the legacy of the prophet,” Shadid describes how Muslim leaders continue to drift from Ulema. The new class of leaders can easily be recognized by their message and actions. The book...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment


...having common origin and overlapping with early human species even though they are not the direct ancestors. Homo habilis fossils evidence found in Africa is generally sketchy, but they are the closest representation of the early form that is related to human. Homo erectus also developed in Africa and later moved to Asia the oldest fossil evidence were found in Africa, later other fossil evidence were found in Asia. Homo sapiens are spread into different forms known as archaic, early modern through to modern (Adds et al, 141). They spread from Africa and from Asia then into Europe and finally, in modern times into other spheres of the earth. Neanderthal man is known mainly from Europe...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Anthropology the plant hence established that genes exhibited two forms of traits that had equal chances of being transferred to the offspring. Through his works, it came to be established that traits were never passed to offspring in singles but rather in units. This is an indicator that no single allele is transferred to the offspring. In addition, he established that some alleles were recessive hence, they could manifest in the organisms phenotype. Finally, he also found that genes were free to assort independently themselves resulting to variations across species. C. Meiosis is a process of germ cell division that results into formation of four haploid cells. The following diagram shows how...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Discuss how Benedicts work developed Boas vision of anthropology and whether it also represented a new direction in American anthropology

...How Benedict’s work developed Boasvision of anthropology Introduction With regard to ical anthropology, the of Margret mead is very synonymous with it but Benedict is the most respected in the field. There are however a number of anthropologist that dismiss Benedict as the old remnants of culture and personality but the school of anthropology has assumed that and continue to advance her work. Ruth just like Boas was convicted that culture is a result of human choices and has got nothing to do with cultural...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Discuss How Benedict's Work Developed Boas Vision of Anthropology And Whether It Also Represented a New Direction In American Anthropology for FREE!

Contact Us