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But in 1945 when the World War II had ended, a pattern of thinking particularly in arts and architecture began to emerge. This was known as the Bauhaus movement. The presence of eminent personalities from arts and architecture like Joseph Albers, Gropius and Mies who supported the movement was an evidence of the movement gaining acceptance by the people at that time. Every movement in history has gone through phases of controversies and criticisms. The Bauhaus movement too, was no such exception. There were obstructions as well as political interferences. But still the Bauhaus movement was successful in providing a direction to a newly incepted art form which was known as the abstract art (Craig, 2001). The Bauhaus movement laid the foundation stone for the art and architecture that was to be used throughout the 20th century The Bauhaus movement- inception During the initial decades of the twentieth century many chaos and destructions were seen. While at the political level socialism and democracy uprooted monarchy, at the scientific level machines and new technology brought in many changes. It was at this time that visual art fused with new ideas and creation emerged. This growing pattern manifested itself in the form of Expressionism (Ryan and Conver, 2003, pp.49-50). In Expressionism form of art, the person or the objects in context were removed using strong contour lines or bold colors. Around 1907, cubism emerged. Cubism was of two forms – analytical cubism that derived abstracts from living objects and synthetic cubism, which was more metaphorical of the two, emphasized on representing the essence of the object only. Cubism form of art led to the occurrence of several other art movements like the Dadaism, Futurism and the Bauhaus (Arntson, n.d, p.24). The background The name Bauhaus movement was coined from the name Bauhaus that was a German school of crafts and fine arts in Germany during 1919-1933. It was founded by the Walter Gropius who was a German architect in 1919. Post World War II, a movement known as the Bauhaus’s movement began that aimed at the liberation and exploration of American art and artists. Prior to that, much of the focus laid on the European form of art with little scope for their American counterparts The European artists were restricted in their expression of art and architecture. Bauhaus movement uprooted these restrictions and offered new arenas for them to explore. But still in its effort to bring in modernism and incorporate new ideas in its art and architecture it faced severe criticisms from both the public as well as the ruling government in those times. The Bauhaus movement occurred in two stages. It made its appearance during 1919-1936 and gained momentum during its second phase (Craig, 2001, p.112). The initial stage laid the foundation for the acceptance of new ideas .This was implicit from the fact that people from the Bauhaus School of Arts were brought in the country to teach and express their ideas. The second phase saw marked improvement over the first phase in the form of establishment of the renowned artist Joseph Albers at the Black Mountain College in North California and its acceptance of the Bauhaus ideology by the German artist Gropius and German American architect Mies (Craig, 2001, pp.35). The influence of de Stijl on the Bauhaus movement The de Stijl was a Dutch artistic movement that occurred in Netherlands. The Guggenheim museum’s article on the de Stijl stated that the de Stijl form of art focused on the usage of geometrical figures like the straight line, the square, the rectangle in asymmetrical combinations and using pure primary colors with black and white (Ryan and Conver, 2003, p.52). The Bauhaus move
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Through exploring the art of architecture, designers explore the three dimensional space in order to create an interpretation of something within the social system from the culture for which it is designed. Cathedrals have been known to express their spiritual nature thru exploring the importance of relevant numeral interpretations, while public buildings have often built with a symmetry that expresses the justice that can be found within the walls.
This discussion talks that the development of twentieth-century design in both art and architecture was one which was considered essential in the formation of avant – garde philosophies. The development of Bauhaus was one of the main influences that pushed society into a different understanding of what was included in the designs.
The various elements of each building created new prototypes that were able to emerge the past understanding of architecture with new sets of creativity that added into a refined look and feel from the classical period. The different veins in which architects worked in during the modern period combined the futuristic elements with the classical foundations to emerge different structures conducive to the time frame.
A business man can advertise their business. An actor, singer, or model can promote themselves on the Internet. Since many websites are free the promotion of someone is easy. However, when putting personal or business matters online many individuals do not present themselves realistically.
In fact, it would not be incorrect to say that the historical events of the 20th century, especially wartime and political propaganda, have had a profound and lasting effect not only on design, but also on the art, architecture and other aspects that influence the major diaspora of society.
Throughout the 20th century,the link between design and industry strengthened. This phenomenon had its roots in the Bauhaus school of design that first developed early in 20th century Germany under the enlightened patronage of the Wiemar Republic. This school of design and architecture attempted to marry the arts to the practical aspects of life.
Its simple forms and dynamic space planning exhibit spaciousness and lightness of rectilinear rooms, which were a far cry from the numerous swirls and irregular forms of the previous style, the Art Nouveau.
The Bauhaus buildings were a
The name of the building is Staatliche Bauhaus. However; Bauhaus is the name that most people use is Bauhaus. The name Bauhaus is a word in German that means the house of construction. Being that it was primarily meant to be a school; people fathomed the meaning of the building to mean school building. Bauhaus was set up in the year 1913.
As from the early 20th Century to date, not even one architectural style and design has had an influence on the modern style as Bauhaus style has done. At first, Bauhaus field of the application was restricted to small miscellaneous matters. Many people considered typography to be used primarily for communication, which was not the case, then.
The Bauhaus was formed in 1919 in Weimar, Germany by an architect named Walter Gropius. Its main goal was to create a unified work of art that brought together all forms of art and architecture. Gropius’s vision involved a union of art and design, to form a utopian art guild that brought together sculpture, painting and architecture into one creative idea.
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