The use of apartment building structures in the nineteenth and twentieth century also changed the way in which urban planning developed. When looking at different buildings, it is noted that the development and expansion was based on the practicality of the buildings and the framework which each contained…
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Looking at different examples shows the portrayal of various concepts and how apartment buildings provided a different approach to urban development. The first architectural concept which was created for those looking at newer structures for apartment buildings was from Ludwig Mies der Rohe, which created the Lake Shore Drive Apartments in Chicago, Illinois (see Appendix A). The residence addresses were considered luxury apartments at the time. The concept was to create high – rises that were available for living instead of smaller structures with housing. The main concept that was used by Mies was to have structural clarity with the buildings by creating repetitive frameworks with the windows and the contemporary columns at the bottom of the structure. Open windows and frames through the high – rise were the main ideology. The approach was to save on space for practical development in urban spaces while making each space feel like a home instead of an apartment with the use of the open windows and beams that created the open framework in each room. The production combined with the Bauhaus movement from Germany and World War II styles. This was based on practicality and repetition through the square framework. This was combined with the high – end technology by creating the high rise for modernism which could be used with the structure1. A second structure that was able to redefine the concepts of the nineteenth and twentieth century was from the Majestic Apartments, built in New York from 1930 – 31 by Jacques Delamarre (see Appendix B). This structure took a similar form to the Chicago apartments with the high rise and practicality of each of the levels. The urban planning was based on offering high – rises instead of expanding with land, specifically to fit a higher population into the area. This was combined with the idea of art deco for a different design. The outer area is made of light brown brick and limestone. The unique pattern is furthered with glazed corners for the top of the apartment to create a combination of artistic looks with the practical options of the apartment high – rises. The changes which occurred with urban development then combined the concept of practical and comfortable living with saving development space. This was furthered with the art deco style to create urban planning as an accent with the arts that were developed2. The importance of this building for the twentieth century was based on combining traditional art approaches with the changes in urban development. The infrastructure looked at the practicality o the buildings first. However, the art deco added into the landscape of the city for development that was based on creating a culture within the city through the artwork that was developed with the architectural pieces. The third apartment building structure which created a similar response to the time frame was the Auguste perret Apartments in Franklin, Paris, completed in 1902 (see Appendix C). The concept of practicality with the high – rise is one which is seen in these particular buildings, similar to the others. The urban planning was then based on developing more space for more individuals. The concept is furthered with the infrastructure that is developed with ornamented areas, balconies in the front and open areas with the windows that are displayed. This particular ideology was one which linked to the culture, specifically in creating the understanding of
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