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Figure 4 The Great Court at the British Museum Designed by Norman Foster…..………..Page 8
Public spaces are critical components of urban areas. According to Worpole public spaces are any areas that are open and accessible to people (p. 3). This may include roads, public arenas, government buildings, libraries museums among other structures. It is imperative to note that the public spaces include outdoor and indoor spaces. Historically, pubic spaces were used by people for social, economic and even political purposes. Thus, these places played an integral role in building the social and cultural relationships among the people in a particular area. In the United Kingdom, urban areas have incorporated public spaces as an essential element of urban planning for centuries. In Europe, most cities took a functional approach towards the design public spaces whereby there existed several kinds of public spaces with different functions and symbolism (Hamnett & Noam 223). The functional approach of architectural design was favored due to the specialization of the cities. For instance, factors such as traffic, politics, social contrasts and productivity became critical considerations in the selection of the kind of public space appropriate for a particular area. It is evident that planning and design of public spaces has to that the spaces facilitates easy and meaningful interactions of people. Suffice to say, public spaces in buildings such as churches have to architectural designed to handle large numbers of people with various needs and demands. LondonMuseum One of the most notable public spaces in the history of Europe is the museum. Museums can be basically defined as places where objects of cultural or historical significance are exhibited. Notably, museums are repositories for historical artifacts that are of value for future generations in order to allow interested people to view. The first public museum in Britain was opened in 1753 in London (Duncan 279).This was the first national public museum in the globe and it was the brainchild of Sir Hans Sloane. The British Museum was officially established through an Act of Parliament and it was first housed in a seventeenth century mansion in Bloomsbury London called Montagu House. Over the centuries, the buildings housing the British Museum have changed the museum has remained in its original location. Figure 1 Courtyard of Montagu House, Bloomsbury, 1754. (Worpole 175) After its opening in 1753, the museum grew in stature and the number of collections. Initially, the Museum had approximately seventy one thousand collections which were contributed by the Sir Hans Sloane. The huge number of new collections naturally meant that the Museum had outgrown the original building in which it was housed. This prompted the first expansion programme that laid the foundations for the present structure that houses the British Museum. In 1823, the trustees of the British Museum commissioned a renowned architect Sir Robert Smirke to construct the new buildings. The construction of the new building was necessitated by the fact that the Museum had received the gift of King George IV’s father’s library and there was no space to add more book shelves in the Museum. Robert Smirke was a follower of the Greek Revival movement of architecture and endeavored to use this architectural design principle in the construction of the building. According to the Greek Revival movement, it was appropriate for buildings to have simplicity and the classical look of the Greek architecture (Hamnett & Noam 225). The design concept for the Smirke building originated from the ancient Greek temples. Smirke
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Analysis of households’ composition, coupled with examination of certain trends in familial structure, plays a significant role in following development of families from a traditional setting to the current setting. Most sociologists appear to agree on the fact that, significant familial changes have occurred over the years, as is evident from the increased diversification of living conditions.
After my five years of study in the Department of Architecture and Planning and three years’ work experience, I asked myself this same question. The result is that Part of the above factors as well I realized that architecture and planning have an intrinsic appeal for me and that they are not only an art, but also more importantly a kind of technology.
To form a collage an individual collects materials from two or more images and paste them together. The history of collage as a piece of art can be traced back to the days of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. This was in early twentieth century when they started creating paper collages as per the principles of cubism.
till date, had to face equivalent scrap for their natural existence in the contemporary society. In the word of Darwin they were still struggling for their existence in such society. They had no right of their own for taking any decision of their life, big or small, even they had no right to take birth as they had to suffer great humiliation for taking origin on the soil of China.
In the history of twentieth century literary theory, colonial discourse has an important role and orientalism has been considered as the best tool in analysing literary pieces on this topic. Orientalism can be comprehended as the reproduction or depiction of various vital elements of the Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists and it was Edward Said, in his celebrated book Orientalism, who gave a critical introduction to the theoretical interpretations of the concept.
As said by Hudson (2005), in order to succeed in China, a country that has strong economic power, foreign investors has to respect Chinese culture that has been developed in 5000 years ago. This is whereby Chinese culture is no more an odd knowledge around the world.
The author of the paper states that Art took on different forms and names as new concepts developed and artists from different regions of the world contributed to the development and evolution of Art. This is a continual process that has moved on from the Twentieth century to the Twenty-first century.
The world war era had a lot of regulations and limitations governing almost all aspect of life including social, political, and technological aspects. The fashion world during the World War II had aspects of uniformity and drabness, with the
As a result, they form a set space. A gang set space can be referred to as the actual region where members of a gang come together as a gang, within a particular neighborhood (Tita, Cohen, and Engberg 273). The aim of this paper is to demonstrate gang
In this context, 1970s can be quoted as a significance time since the amusement arcades were common during the period. However, 1980s is still regarded as the golden era for arcade gaming designs since these were most popular amongst adults and even adolescents.
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