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Environmental Impact Assessment - Essay Example

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(Abstract: This report looks into the Risk/health assessment been used in Environmental Impact Assessment and finds the potential for extending the use of risk/health assessment, taking two case studies drawn from different industrial sectors. The analysis is based on Environmental Impact Statements issued by the concerned authorities)
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Environmental Impact Assessment Essay
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"Environmental Impact Assessment"

Download file to see previous pages Both adopt multidisciplinary approach. They are applied in predictive assessment processes that seek to control and improve policy and plan implementation.
Environmental Impact Assessment is a 'generic term for a process that seeks to blend administration planning, analysis and public involvement in assessment prior to taking decision'2. This is an approach, which seeks to improve development by prior assessment.
Impact Assessment as multiple uses. EIA is more than a technocratic tool, and can be used as a policy instrument, a planning tool, and a means for public involvement. It goes beyond its predictive values to improve decision-making and environmental management in the politico-social environment.
Improves financial planning through the identification of future and potential capital, operating and maintenance costs associated with the activities related to environment thus strengthening the bottom line of the corporate.
Risk Assessment: can be described by following the definition of Munn (1979) as a process of identifying the likely consequences for the bio-geo-physical environment and for man's health and welfare of implementing particular activities and for carrying this information, at a stage when it can materially affect their decision, to those responsible for sanctioning those proposals.4
Risk Assessment can be defi...
It goes beyond its predictive values to improve decision-making and environmental management in the politico-social environment.
EIA is undertaken for the following reasons3:
Identifies the probable environmental risk and problem areas.
Helps in preventing adverse environmental effects.
Assures formulation and adherence to adequate procedures for managing environmental risks and for compliance with the procedures.
Helps in compliance with statutory regulations and improves relations with regulatory authorities.
Improves financial planning through the identification of future and potential capital, operating and maintenance costs associated with the activities related to environment thus strengthening the bottom line of the corporate.
Prepares for emergency and crisis management.
Enhances the environmental awareness and responsibility throughout the corporate hierarchy.
Facilitates obtaining insurance coverage for environmental impairment liabilities as and when occurs
Improves corporate image.
Risk Assessment: can be described by following the definition of Munn (1979) as a process of identifying the likely consequences for the bio-geo-physical environment and for man's health and welfare of implementing particular activities and for carrying this information, at a stage when it can materially affect their decision, to those responsible for sanctioning those proposals.4
Risk Assessment can be defined as 'the process of assigning magnitudes and probabilities to the adverse effects of human activities (including technical innovation) or natural catastrophes (Horlick-Jones et al., 1995; Taylor, 1993). This process involves identifying hazards.... ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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