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Civil Engineering: The Discipline of Engineering - Essay Example

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An essay "Civil Engineering: The Discipline of Engineering" claims that It is an important field to both the public and private sector. There was a foundation of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Thomas Telford was named as the best engineer and he became the president of the institution…
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Civil Engineering: The Discipline of Engineering
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Download file to see previous pages Civil engineering started to gain recognition in the United Kingdom in the late 18th and early 19th century. There was a foundation of very many professional bodies and societies, for example, the Law, and Royal Society. Form the late 18th century a group of people, civil engineers, met regularly thus led to the formation of a society of Civil Engineers in the year 1771. The person behind all the success was John Smeaton. It is known as Smeatonian Society. This further led to a formation of the institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) whose first president was Thomas Telford. In 1828, ICE gained membership and a Royal Charter. The institution started to publish materials regarding the discipline and thus led to Civil Engineering being recognized as a discipline in the United Kingdom (Blair, 2007). The rising industrialization levels in the United Kingdom called for a development of better transport and housing systems. The demand was high because the country needed to transport its goods and services and it also needed better structures for its industries. An example was the canal system in Britain that played a vital role in water transportation during the industrial revolution time. At that time the road transport system was poor as people relied on horses to transport goods via road. The roads were muddy during the rainy season thus called for a canal system. A national canal network was first established in the UK (Blair, 2007).  In the 19th century, new canals emerged; Manchester Ship and Caledonian Canal. Mid 19 century saw railway companies taking over many canals. There was also great competition between the two transport systems. The coming up of the road network system in the 20th century saw the decline of canal usage. There was a total decline in their usage, especially after World War II. In 1960 to 1970, the industry of waterways remained open because people used the canals for leisure. Recently, projects of civil engineering led to the Victorian Anderson boat lift being restored. There has been a new creation of the Falkirk Wheel moreover; there are plans to add more canals (Blair, 2007).  There are major sectors of civil engineering that are in high demand. They are Shropshire transport, roads, waterways, and railways. The Shropshire transport system has been dated way back in the Neolithic period. This period saw people changing their life from hunters and gatherers to farmers. The people imported tools to work with thus also exported finished goods. These activities saw the emergence of ridge ways as people developed routes that passed across high grounds. The routes highly avoided boggy and wooded valleys. To date, there are routes that are in existence; Portway and Kerry Ridgeway. The ridge ways are used as footways and bridleways (Blair, 2007).  The United Kingdom has a well-established railway system. It has three categories of the railways' system to meet the different needs of the people. They are industrial railways, local railways, and the mainline railway companies (Blair, 2007).  Industrial railways: its main coverage is short distances and factories that belong to the collieries, large-scale factories, and ironworks. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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