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An essay "Civil Engineering: The Discipline of Engineering" claims that It is an important field to both the public and private sector. There was a foundation of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Thomas Telford was named as the best engineer and he became the president of the institution…
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Civil engineering started to gain recognition in the United Kingdom in the late 18th and early 19th century. There was a foundation of very many professional bodies and societies, for example, the Law, and Royal Society. Form the late 18th century a group of people, civil engineers, met regularly thus led to the formation of a society of Civil Engineers in the year 1771. The person behind all the success was John Smeaton. It is known as Smeatonian Society. This further led to a formation of the institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) whose first president was Thomas Telford. In 1828, ICE gained membership and a Royal Charter. The institution started to publish materials regarding the discipline and thus led to Civil Engineering being recognized as a discipline in the United Kingdom (Blair, 2007). The rising industrialization levels in the United Kingdom called for a development of better transport and housing systems. The demand was high because the country needed to transport its goods and services and it also needed better structures for its industries. An example was the canal system in Britain that played a vital role in water transportation during the industrial revolution time. At that time the road transport system was poor as people relied on horses to transport goods via road. The roads were muddy during the rainy season thus called for a canal system. A national canal network was first established in the UK (Blair, 2007). In the 19th century, new canals emerged; Manchester Ship and Caledonian Canal. Mid 19 century saw railway companies taking over many canals. There was also great competition between the two transport systems. The coming up of the road network system in the 20th century saw the decline of canal usage. There was a total decline in their usage, especially after World War II. In 1960 to 1970, the industry of waterways remained open because people used the canals for leisure. Recently, projects of civil engineering led to the Victorian Anderson boat lift being restored. There has been a new creation of the Falkirk Wheel moreover; there are plans to add more canals (Blair, 2007). There are major sectors of civil engineering that are in high demand. They are Shropshire transport, roads, waterways, and railways. The Shropshire transport system has been dated way back in the Neolithic period. This period saw people changing their life from hunters and gatherers to farmers. The people imported tools to work with thus also exported finished goods. These activities saw the emergence of ridge ways as people developed routes that passed across high grounds. The routes highly avoided boggy and wooded valleys. To date, there are routes that are in existence; Portway and Kerry Ridgeway. The ridge ways are used as footways and bridleways (Blair, 2007). The United Kingdom has a well-established railway system. It has three categories of the railways' system to meet the different needs of the people. They are industrial railways, local railways, and the mainline railway companies (Blair, 2007). Industrial railways: its main coverage is short distances and factories that belong to the collieries, large-scale factories, and ironworks.
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...Hurley L, Mounce S., Ashley R, Butler D and Memon, F. A. ,(2007), Flexible Process Frameworks for the Evaluation of Relative Sustainability in Water Management Decisions, The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 2(7),pp 57-68.
Dhir R K, Paine A K and Leary S O', (2003), Use of Recycled Concrete in Payment Construction : A Case study, in Sustainable Waste Management , Proceedings of the International Symposium, Ed. Dhir R K, New lands M D and Dyer T D ,Thomas Telford, pp 373-381.
http://books.google.com/booksid=Z5j1H7gJTdIC&pg=PT1&lpg=PT1&dq=Sustainable+Waste+Management+,+Proceedings+of+the+International+Symposium,+Thomas+Telford,&source=web&ots=UiQ4LtUfXL... L, Mounce ...
...Design Principles of High and Low Roads Introduction Road ification Pre-design considerations Economical SocialEnvironmental
Soil and foundation considerations
Design of Construction
Maintenance or road improvement projects
In the design, I am going to implement high and low roads. In doing so, I will discuss why this would impact the design and how to implement designs that are sound structurally. speaking. In developing high and low roads, the civilengineer must take into consideration the development...
...Concept of Innovation in Emaar Introduction Before going into the details of whether Emaar Construction Company believes in innovation or not, let’s get a better understanding of what innovation actually is. We can say that innovation is the act of launching a new product or service into the market. If, in a market, a product is introduced which was not available before in the market, that product is said to be an innovative product with new ideas and thoughts behind the product. “Innovation is the lifeblood of any organization” (Reavis 2009). Innovation is a complete process of generating new ideas and plans regarding a product or a service and then taking appropriate steps for the implementation of those ideas and plans... of Innovation in...
...Contents Introduction……………………………………………………………………. .2 2. CivilEngineering Profession…………………………………………………….3 3. CivilEngineering Careers…….…………………………………………………4
4. Ethics in CivilEngineering ……..……………………………………………....8
5. Communication Skills for CivilEngineers ………………………………….....10
6. Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………..11
Civilengineering is the oldest engineeringdiscipline and all other disciplines of engineering actually originated from it because it traces its history back to the ancient civilizations. Civilengineering directly has a direct impact on the lifestyle of human beings because all the construction works, infrastructure and basic urban facilities required...
...CivilEngineeringEngineering is the aspect of life for human existence dealing with the application of scientific, social and practical knowledge in design, construction maintenance and improvement of structures, machines and systems. Engineering is divided into various disciplines varying from Military engineering, Civilengineering, Chemical engineering, Mechanical engineering to Electrical engineering. (Wood, 2012)
Military engineering is the oldest engineeringdiscipline followed by civilengineering. Civilengineeringdiscipline involves the design, construction and maintenance of natural and physical built environment as roads, bridges, buildings, canals and dams A degree in civilengineering covers subjects in mathematics...
...Topic al Affiliation STAGE TWO OF RETAIL SITE DEVELOPMENT Development of any site in construction Engineering depend s upon the needsof the project. There are different models adopted by different CivilEngineers in the Construction industry today. One of the models is the discovery of the project, site assessment, development plan, implementation, construction, and operations. The ultimate goal the models is to ensure that there is quality of execution, the project is attractive from business and economic perspectives and finally reasonable action plan according to the resources available.
The second stage of retail development is the site assessment. The main goal of site assessment is to conduct preliminary a evaluation...
From the integration of practitioners’ personal knowledge, valid disciplinary knowledge and theories are developed. Critical thinking and reflection on various nursing practices help to generate new theories. The theories are again used in nursing practice for solving problems and for determining procedures in future cases.
The concept of the theory is defined by Higgins; Moore (2000: p.179) as the creation of relationships among two or more concepts to form a specific view of a phenomenon. As constructions of our minds, theories provide explanations about our experiences of phenomena in the world. The understanding provided by theories is of two types: explanatory or predictive. In nursing, theoretical thinking u...
The different types of surveys include an initial survey, renewal survey, intermediate survey, annual survey and additional survey. In the case of ships, weighing less than 400 gross tonnages the survey of engines and equipment for compliance with regulation 13 of this Annex shall be conducted in accordance with the NOx Technical Code. On the aspect of certification, the International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate (IAPP) shall be issued, after an initial or renewal survey in accordance with the provisions of regulation 5 of this Annex. Also, this IAPP Certificate shall be issued for a period specified by the Administration, which shall not exceed five years. Then, the current regulatory references have designated the North...
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The youth not only bring with them the terror for the common citizens but also introduce huge dust of alcohol, abuse of drugs and many other forbidden things in the society. The future generation should be made to stay away from this peril as much as possible. Conformity and compliance with the law is the duty of every citizen and he must get this thing right in his system right from the starting of his youth.
Poverty and lack of education in the lives of young ones make them the most vulnerable amongst all human populations of any country or for that matter, the world. Committing a crime is not a remedy to get one’s hopes and needs fulfilled but there is a certain way to do everything and quite rightly so every s...
This struggle has historically affected four ethnic groups namely, native Americans, African Americans, Chicanos and Asian Americans. In the end, it is the hope of this paper that a better understanding and a more concrete application of the US ideology of “equality for all under the law”(Bush, 2003, p 48) be attained for ethnic groups in particular and the entire humanity in general. The struggle for civil rights during the 1950s onward was a” product of the post World War II world” (Bush, 2003, p. 48). The human world was in a condition of social unrest that even the United States of America was not exempted. The struggle for civil rights in the US is the logical consequence of the long historica...
The main aim of civil engineering is to make the life of man easy by constructing things like roads that will aid in the transportation of goods and services (Blair, 2007). Civil engineering started to gain recognition in the United Kingdom in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. There was a foundation of very many professional bodies and societies, for example, the Law and Royal Society. Form the late 18th century a group of people, civil engineers, met regularly thus led to the formation of a society of Civil Engineers in the year 1771. The person behind all the success was John Smeaton. It is known as the Smeatonian Society. This further led to a formation of the institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) whose first presiden...
Finally, we will conduct an in-depth analysis of the heating and insulation systems available in modern homes and propose a strategy to optimize the energy consumption and maximize customer comfort.
Building Service Engineers are usually mechanical or electrical engineers, who do not necessarily have a degree in Building Services Engineering. They start contributing to inputs before the building construction commences. Their assessment starts with researching the suitability of the building site for construction and also foreseeing the provisions to connect services to supply lines. Based on this analysis, they conduct discussions with the client, architects and structural engineers to concur on an installation design t...
Through Horwitz's eyes one gets to see the interesting thinking that these Southerners had to tell that were related to history yet in some ways changed. It was a difficult situation many times the deeper he went into the South he went because he had to listen to tales of blatant racism as well as juxtapositions in thought that were so different from the northern way of thinking. One example of this difference in thinking is when one of the Southerners said that the Civil War was about the Northerners trying to change a culture "it was a culture war in which Yankees imposed their imperialist and capitalistic will on the agrarian South, just as the English had done to the Irish and Scots…" (69). Many of the Southerners...
In those days, just three flights per week, to Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh, and Penang, were all that the people in Singapore were privileged to. There were very fast developments in the situation in a span of two decades. During this period, Singapore’s Kallang Airport gained international exposure and started making huge additions to its fleet. Soon after the birth of the Federation of Malaysia on February 1963, the Malayan Airlines came to be known as the Malaysian Airlines, and in 1966, it was renamed the Malaysian-Singapore Airlines. But, in 1972, fifteen years from the day it was founded, Singapore Airlines split up with Malaysian Airlines and acquired a separate identity. This split, however, helped the airlines to take i...
Although this is a good move made by medical practitioners, too much use of this technology could end up doing more harm than good both medically and in the society. The process of children's genetic modification is in three steps; advanced reproductive technology, Chromosome manipulation, Genetics and Genomics (Baird 15). The study will relay more information on some of the negative effects that come alongside continuous genetic modification of children. Studies show that genetic engineering in children plays a number of roles for instance apart from changing possible chronic diseases and disorders, the technique also enables a couple to bear a healthy child that is more athletic and attractive (Baird 15). The topic of genet...
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