Bio-technology and the future of Food Production - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the paper “Bio-technology and the future of Food Production” the author provides a brief history of the new GM technology, explains what is genetic modification and how it is carried out, explains the benefits and controversies of genetically modified organisms on environment and health…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.5% of users find it useful
Bio-technology and the future of Food Production
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Bio-technology and the future of Food Production"

Download file to see previous pages A broad definition of genetic engineering also includes selective breeding and other means of artificial selection
Genetically Modified food: Foods and food ingredients consisting of or containing genetically modified organisms, or produced from such organisms.
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO): An organism produced from genetic engineering techniques that allow the transfer of functional genes from one organism to another, including from one species to another. Bacteria, fungi, viruses, plants, insects, fish, and mammals are some examples of organisms the genetic material of which has been artificially modified in order to change some physical property or capability. Living modified organisms (LMOs), and transgenic organisms are other terms often used in place of GMOs.
Plant breeding: Plant breeding is use of techniques involving crossing plants to produce varieties with particular characteristics (traits) which are carried in the genes of the plants and passed on to future generations. Conventional/traditional plant breeding refers to techniques others than modern biotechnology, in particular cross-breeding, back-crossing.
Transgenic plants: Transgenic plants result from the insertion of genetic material from another organism so that the plant will exhibit a desired trait (Based on various sources).

Brief History of Genetic Engineering
Selective breeding started shortly after man initiated domestication of animals such as dogs, horses and oxen. The concept of artificial pollination is described in Assyrian relief art, dated to approximately 800 B.C. and plant grafting and animal breeding were common in Roman times. Gregor Johann Mendel in the 19th century...
Apart from the five principal countries, there are some countries with increasing GM crop cultivation. Paraguay, for example, reported the cultivation of 1.8 Mio hectares of GM soybean. India had, based on the annual percentage growth, the highest year-to-year growth with an increase of the Bt-cotton area from 0.1 Mio ha in 2003 to 1.3 Mio ha in 2005 counting for almost 15% of its total cotton area planted (James 2004, 2005). Additionally, there are various countries, which commercially grow GM crops on a smaller scale such as South Africa, Uruguay, Australia, Romania, Mexico, Spain and the Philippines (Sanvido et al. 2006).Techniques of Genetic Modification In simple terms, the gene technologist uses a "cutting-copying-pasting" approach to transfer genes from one organism to another. For this, bacterial enzymes are used that recognize, cut and join DNA at specific locations acting as molecular "scissors-and-tape". However, the selected gene is copied billions-fold, with the result that the amount of original genetic material in the modified organism is immeasurably small. Since DNA does not always readily move from one organism to another, "vehicles" such as plasmids (small rings of bacterial DNA) may be used; alternatively, some plant cells may be transformed by "shooting" small particles coated with the new DNA into the target cell using a special type of gun, called the "Gene Gun". The modified cell can then be used to regenerate a new organism. Then the movement of the desired gene(s) into another organism. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Bio-technology and the future of Food Production Essay”, n.d.)
Bio-technology and the future of Food Production Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/technology/1499160-bio-technology-and-the-future-of-food-production
(Bio-Technology and the Future of Food Production Essay)
Bio-Technology and the Future of Food Production Essay. https://studentshare.org/technology/1499160-bio-technology-and-the-future-of-food-production.
“Bio-Technology and the Future of Food Production Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/technology/1499160-bio-technology-and-the-future-of-food-production.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Currently, approximately half of the earth’s ecological capability is utilized in the rigorous food production and distribution, gradually destroying earth’s natural resources. Consequently the earth’s natural resources are overstretched, and hence the need to overhaul the current global food systems, to ensure sustainable food production and distribution in future, while protecting the environment.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The Emergent Threat of Bio-Terrorism
The anthrax attack in the US came soon after 9/11, in which the terrorist group identified with al Qaeda seized two civilian planes and smashed them into the World Trade Center in New York and killed about 3,000 people. When President Bush deplored the terrorist attack by saying that men who would dare such an act are not above using biological or chemical weapons, the threat posed by bio-weapons as an instrument of terrorism became an ugly reality.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Food Production
Innovation and the development of new farming techniques have greatly increased our capacity to produce food. With a growing population, farmers and scientists are working diligently to get ever-greater quantities of staple products such as wheat, soybeans and corn from each acre.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
New Technology that Could Substantially Improve the Output of the Bio-Fuels
Some of the methods have to be considered as the technological breakthrough, while few are the adaptation from the ancient civilizations and cultures. Solar energy, wind energy, geothermal, biofuel, etc are all renewable resources of energy. However, biofuel, which can be extracted from many sources like burning wood, burning dried cow waste etc, are being utilized from past many years.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Recent Global Food Crisis & Obesity Epidemic
This has seen its effects being felt in both developed and developing countries (Magdoff, 2006: 1-7). This study will focus its attention on the explanation about this recent food crisis, how it reflects previous agri-food system tendencies and its relationship to diabetes, another food system problem.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Food Production System
Food, being one of the basic necessities of life, is the right of every person on this world. Increasing oil costs, unpredictable weather pattern, and the change of land to grow crop are all issues. Increasing profits in inferior countries have also raised food requirement in current years, retreating global treasury.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Bio Chemistry
Notable biotechnologies for food processing include fermentation technology, enzyme technology and monoclonal antibody technology. Beneficial microbes participate in fermentation processes, producing many useful metabolites such as enzymes, organic acids, solvents, vitamins, amino acids, antibiotics, growth regulators, flavors and nutritious foods.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
What are the effects of the likely food security problems for society in these regions
fforts are made all around the world to make sure that the population increase is complemented by a bigger increase in food production, so that sufficiency can be attained in food consumption. However, this doesn’t happen, when looking through the lens of the world. Food
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The impact of biofuels on the future of (any industry except airlines)
Although recent advancements in technology has minimised wastage during oil extraction and has also made previously thought unrecoverable reserves now recoverable, oil remains a non-renewable source of
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Bio-fuels and Future Energy Needs
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Bio-fuels and Future Energy Needs The American economy has become an area of much concern because of its long-term sustainability. While it has long been known that energy plays a critical role in the growth and sustainability of economic growth in America, a dilemma has arisen regarding the choice of energy sources and the consumption rate of energy.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Bio-technology and the future of Food Production for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us