There are ranges of distinct methods of communication around which include verbal, signage, Makaton, braille, body language, facial expression and gestures among other methods. The optimal over the other is contingent on the circumstances and the suitability at any particular time. Verbal communication method also varies from one individual to the other in terms of the intonation, speed, projection, pitch, and volume. As well a person may change from one attribute to another. For instance, when speaking to a non-native speaker or poor speaker of a particular language, it is appropriate to lower the speed. Complex words, jargon, and terminologies are also avoided so as to speak in a respectable manner.
Signage is another method; it is suitable for persons that can see but can hear such as the deaf and partially deaf. The individual communicating must have some prerequisite sign communication styles. Just like any other education system, the dumb are also taught to acknowledge various sign communication skills. It is similar to Makaton communication styles which entail a collection of signage symbols. Like signage, the latter is used by individuals with hearing impairment and physical disabilities. The fourth communication style is braille. The method employs raised code of dots that relevant individuals read using the sense of touch. It is suitable for blind or visually impaired persons. Like any other language, learning of the braille precedes their use. As with body language, this is a non-verbal method of communication. It incorporates aspects such a gestures, eye contact, facial expression, body position, eye contact, and body positioning.
Individual needs in communication often include variable difficulties, f.e. different kinds of disabilities.
Among them could be hearing loss, loss of sight, language disorders, etc. Social care coworker should consider those issues when planning the communication strategy. For people with hearing disorders, a carer should use hearing aids, sign language, help with lip reading, flash cards, written information and so on. The need for communication increases to people with disability.
Also, there is an important point to consider gender, for female service users might prefer a female carer, and you have to meet this request.
Special requests can also come from people with dementia or confusion, dysphasic people.
Cultural differences are also important if there are any. Mental disorders, like autism request special attitude.