Management within business scope may refer to coordination of available resources of human capital; financial capital, technology and natural resources, and other inputs such as time to achieve a predefined goal. …
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This would call for effective planning, that is, creation and maintenance of a working strategy or policy, combined with organizing the available resources and leading/ directing the work force and finding the best combination of resources and capital to match them with the available time span of the project (Drucker & Maciariello, 2008). Effective work management should help both the team members and the management to understand and organize their work better; evolve into a more collaborative process that gives individuals control over what to do and when to do it, and in one way or the other promote specialization to ensure that employees do what they understand best (Easterby-Smith & Thorpe, 2008). This promotes democratization at work place empowering workers to give maximum value giving management the visibility to the totality of the project and other works, and to create workplace harmony by enfranchising workers and/ or and demonstrating the innovative aspect of each worker at his/her unit. From this we can define work as sustained physical or mental effort; energy expanded by natural phenomenon whereby one exerts strengths or faculties to solve a given problem, or the specific duties and assignments performed by one as means of livelihood and means to achieve a predetermined and mutually beneficial objective. Non-work on the other hand can be viewed as the other activities that do not directly involve exertion of energy/ faculties but are in line with human development process and help to promote productivity (Creager, 2011), time spent away from the chore duties in daily life or work life; usually for pleasure and refreshment or reflection of the previous periods, a prerequisite for productivity at work place. The greater prevalence of single parenthood and dual careers in the workforce has resulted employees trying to juggle between demands at home and work which can result into work- family conflict, where demands of home and work interfere with each other making it difficult to combine both activities. This paper will analyze the various job-related relationships, their merits and demerits; causes and their impacts to the work and family environments, evaluation of jobs in relation to technology, social stratification, gender and the nature of the job. Spillover Spillover in this context may refer to the overall impacts of individuals work life, positive and negative, in relation to their personal growth and development and/ or family life, that is, how the individual’s work- perceived emotions affect his/her life and the impacts in other social structure/ environment around him/ her. Spillover can largely be influenced by the need to maintain a work-life balance which involves prioritization, planning and personal organization on career and profession/ lifestyle, that is, pleasure, leisure, spiritual development and meditation and/or health (Young, 2012). A perfect combination of these factors will ensure individual performs best at work and in other areas, for instance, good health will ensure an individual performs his/her duties correctively and timely despite the field that one is in as long as there is effective training. The spillover can be positively felt within individual’s social structure, the family and the society, and in the work place in that a clear career definition helps individual plan responsibilities and allocate ample time within the cause of the day, month, or annually; giving him/her time to attend to other functions which are essential for human development (Reis & Sprecher, 2009). For instance, work spillover can be felt through the non-work effects of relaxation of leisure, that is, when an individual has had a break from his natural duties at work (Levis, 2011),
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(Work & Non-Work Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
“Work & Non-Work Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/management/1493449-work-non-work.
WORK AND NON-WORK BALANCE Work and non-work issues have been at the centre of heated discussions over the recent decades, but this ongoing debate has not changed the scenario much. Rather the controversy is becoming increasingly complex. Basically work can be termed as a paid activity for the purpose of making a livelihood at the cost of a certain amount of time (Watson, 2012).
The combination between work and non-work life has become a major concern in developed countries. To maintain a healthy balance in life maintaining balance in work and non-work situation is crucial. Now, a day balancing between work and non-work has become a burning issue for the employees (Rain et al, 1991).
Geert Hofstede is best known for pioneering research on organizational cultures in different working sectors and countries. With increase in globalization, managing cultural diversity in different companies and organizations is getting to be very difficult.
This paper will provide a comprehensive analysis of the role and support provided by a psychotherapist in the treatment of alcohol dependence. This essay will discuss the different strategies used as a means of non medical treatment of alcoholics and problems usually encountered in the process. The objectives of the SELF TC will also be presented.
Sociology: An Essay on Work Ethics Name: Presented to: Date: Overview Work has been synonymous with human beings as a way of life for many years, regardless of whether it is paid, unpaid or any other form. Work has evolved over the history of mankind to acquire different meanings especially in modern times.
Furthermore, there is evidence from academic research that generational values differ (Brandth and Kvande, 251-267, 2001) and that young people today emphasise achievement of work/life balance more than their predecessors (Lewis et al, 2002). If this is the case, then organisations need to understand how any perceived 'imbalance' or conflict between work and non-work arises and by what means it might be alleviated if they are to motivate and retain their younger employees.
y help, contract employment, short-term and contingent work, and independent contracting, are becoming increasingly prominent and popular in recent years (Annual Review of Sociology, arjournals.annualreviews.org, referred on 16.04.2006)1.
A sense of insecurity, whether real or
ment problems; and NGOs belong to the private sector and for this reason research was undertaken to explore such private-sector alternatives; The World Bank began to consider that NGOs might be something more than a political nuisance; they might also offer efficiencies in
enables implementation of correct project management practices and principles and clearly defines the legal relationship between the parties involved (Rowlison, 2011). This type of contract has been beneficial in a variety of ways such as saving on costs, better project quality
As the report stresses work-life balance plan can be described as a plan in which a company provides such sponsored benefits or working conditions to its employees. Work-life balance facilitates us to identify the degree to which a particular individual is evenly satisfied with his job responsibilities and family responsibilities.
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