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The Role of Language in Relation to the Construction of Social Reality - Essay Example

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This work called "The Role of Language in Relation to the Construction of Social Reality" describes the role of language, social obstructionism, and human sexuality. The author outlines that the present-day modern society led by several theories on realizing social constructionism has helped to open many closed doors of human sexuality. …
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The Role of Language in Relation to the Construction of Social Reality
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Download file to see previous pages Despite it, it is often found that these two terms remain undefined or are ill-defined. Going by the view of classical essentialism, there are many fundamental real meanings or forms. There is also a lack of continuity between the different forms rather than a continuous variation. These true forms remain constant over time. Modern essentialism is made of a belief which states that there are certain phenomena that are natural, inevitable, and which can be biologically determined. We hence, consider subjects like sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, genetic research, brain research, and endocrine research as some examples for the essentialist approach by focusing particularly on how these approaches of research view and treat sexual orientation as well as attraction. Social constructionism, on the other hand, consists of the belief that reality can be socially constructed and it emphasizes language as a vital means by which we can interpret experiences (DeLamater & Hude, 1998, p.10).
The idea about essentialism was found to originate in the works of Plato dated 428-348 B.C (DeLamater & Hude, 1998, p.10). He suggested that, for example, in a triangle that consists of three sides, no matter what length of its sides or the combination of its angles were, it would always form a triangle and thus it was discontinuously different from other figures like a circle or a rectangle.  Essentialism was considered to be the philosophical foundation for any positivism in philosophy which was followed up to the twentieth century. Interestingly, it was seen that the term essentialism was generally used by people who were opposed to it, not by those who used to practice it.
Essentialism thus had dominated both philosophical and the scientific thought in the Western world. We would thus refer to the above-stated form of essentialism as classical essentialism (DeLamater  & Hude, 1998, p.10).
The term known as social constructionism has found broad usage in the discipline of social sciences. It is often used frequently by psychologists (Burr, 2003, p.2). It is often used generally to refer to any aspect of social influence on individual experience. However, it can be used more appropriately to indicate a more specific theoretical paradigm. The fundamental assumption underlying the paradigm is that reality is constructed socially (Berger & Luckmann, 1966, p. 1).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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